Acoustic propagation

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  • In the recent decades, there has been a growing interest in micro- and nanotechnology. The advances in nanotechnology give rise to new applications and new types of materials with unique electromagnetic and mechanical properties. This book is devoted to the modern methods in electrodynamics and acoustics, which have been developed to describe wave propagation in these modern materials and nanodevices.

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  • The field of medical imaging is advancing at a rapid pace. Imaging modalities like x-ray radiography, x-ray computed tomography (CT), ultrasound, nuclear imaging, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and optical imaging have been used in biology and medicine to visualize anatomical structures as large as the lung and liver and as small as molecules. Ultrasound is considered the most cost-effective among them. It is used routinely in hospitals and clinics for diagnosing a variety of diseases.

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  • A wave is one of the basic physics phenomena observed by mankind since ancient time. The wave is also one of the most-studied physics phenomena that can be well described by mathematics. The study may be the best illustration of what is “science”, which approximates the laws of nature by using human defined symbols, operators, and languages.

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  • ECHO CANCELLATION 14.1 14.2 14.3 14.4 14.5 14.6 14.7 Introduction: Acoustic and Hybrid Echoes Telephone Line Hybrid Echo Hybrid Echo Suppression Adaptive Echo Cancellation Acoustic Echo Sub-band Acoustic Echo Cancellation Summary cho is the repetition of a waveform due to reflection from points where the characteristics of the medium through which the wave propagates changes. Echo is usefully employed in sonar and radar for detection and exploration purposes. In telecommunication, echo can degrade the quality of service, and echo cancellation is an important part of communication systems.

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  • EURASIP Journal on Applied Signal Processing 2003:11, 1091–1109 c 2003 Hindawi Publishing Corporation Exploiting Acoustic Similarity of Propagating Paths for Audio Signal Separation Bin Yin Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands Storage Signal Processing Group, Philips Research Laboratories, P.O. Box WY-31, 5656 AA Eindhoven, The Netherlands Email: bin.yin@philips.com Piet C. W. Sommen Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O.

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  • Brillouin scattering was discovered in 1922 by Louis Brillouin [1]. It is one of a number of characteristic scattering phenomena that occur when light interacts with solid, liquid or gaseous media and corresponds to the scattering of light from thermally-induced acoustical waves (propagating pressure/density waves) present in media at all temperatures. At normal light levels the amount of scattering is small. The characteristics of the scattering can offer interesting information about the properties of the medium (temperature, pressure) and form the basis for remote fibre sensor devices.

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  • Low-frequency acoustic energy released within the Earth's crust and mantle mostly propagates - depending on the density and elasticity of the medium - through several types of seismic waves categorized as body waves (longitudinal P and transverse S) or surface waves (long L and ground roll R). The importance of seismic wave research lies not only in our ability to understand and predict earthquakes and tsunamis, it also reveals information on the Earth's composition and features in much the same way as it led to the discovery of Mohorovicic's discontinuity....

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