Xem 1-20 trên 122 kết quả Across regions
  • Scale is a unifying concept that cuts across all natural and social sciences. At the same time, scaling is a common challenge in both basic and applied research. Accordingly, scale and scaling have become two of the most widely used buzzwords in ecology today. Over the past two decades, more than a dozen books and many more journal papers have been published on the problems of scale and scaling in ecology and geophysical sciences. These publications, as reviewed in the chapters of this book, have contributed significantly to our current understanding of scale issues.

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  • Turkey’s per capita GDP is catching up and in purchasing power parity had reached 30% of the EU-27 average in 2006. The distribution of this income is very broad, both across households and across regions. The average household income in the city of Trabzon in the north-east of Turkey was only 30% of the country average (2003) whereas incomes in Ankara and Istanbul were 65% and 85% higher than the average.

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  • Turning to the growth in rentals for three bedroom houses, using a comparable 1975 urban aggregate index of 100, the following rent index table indicates that rentals have only grown at 74 percent of the indexed growth in housing prices (overall index growth of 580 for rentals, compared with 786 for prices). However, the rental growth was uneven across regions: the inner urban LGAs of Prahran and South Melbourne showed a growth in their respective rental indices of 1028 and 1013, clearly ahead of growth in their price indices of 494 and 942.

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  • For example, the company name create multilingual translation lexicons with “Sony” is transliterated into “新力” (xinli) in Tairegional variations. We propose a transitive wan and “索尼” (suoni) in mainland China. Such translation approach to determine translation terms, in today’s increasingly internationalized variations across languages that have insuffiworld, are appearing more and more often.

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  • USDA’s Economic Research Service (ERS) projects that average per capita food consumption for 67 low-income countries will increase in the next decade. ERS also projects that the number of people failing to meet their nutritional requirements will decline from 774 million in 2000 to 694 million in 2010, providing an improved outlook for global food security. But the gains are not uniform across countries and in many food insecurity will probably intensify.

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  • Doing Business in 2006: Creating Jobs is the third in a series of annual reports investigating regulations that enhance business activity and those that constrain it. New quantitative indicators on business regulations and their enforcement can be compared across 155 countries—from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe—and over time. The indicators are used to analyze economic outcomes and identify what reforms have worked, where, and why.

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  • Numerous authors proposed chapters on their work, and those presented here are the fruit of those proposals. As editor of this book, it has been my pleasure to collaborate with these many, fine contributing scientists. This text brings forth a great amount of fresh information on the biogeography and ecology of poorly known taxa and landscapes, and explores biogeographic processes not previously studied. The assembled work is an anthology of issues in modern biogeography, with topics ranging across regional to global spatial scales, and ecological to evolutionary temporal scales.

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  • The first experimental activities to support innovation in relation to regional and social policy, effectively pi oneering the development of the knowledge-based economy at regional level, were launched by the Commis sion in 1993-94. Today, nearly one in three regional authorities across the EU-15 have formulated a Regional Innovation Strategy or a Regional Innovation Society Initiative, aimed at developing effective innovation sys tems and spreading Information & Communication Technologies related know-how at regional level.

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  • Temporal trends in unsafe abortion have been inconsistent internationally (figure 2). Between 1995 and 2000, a decline of 5 or more percentage points took place in the unsafe abortion rate in eastern, middle, and western Africa, the Caribbean, and Central America. Other developing areas had no appreciable change in the rate of unsafe abortion. 6 Unsafe abortions vary substantially by age across regions: adolescents (15–19 years) account for 25% of all unsafe abortions in Africa, whereas the percentage in Asia, Latin America, and the Caribbean is much lower (figure 3).

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  • Market and banking supervisors and regulators are in the process of stepping up their monitoring of the ETF market. Work is underway nationally and internationally on assessing how recent innovations in this area can add to financial system risks, what incentives underpin them, and what potential flaws there might be in current risk practices. The interaction of ETF regulatory frameworks with recent innovations as well as the scope for regulatory arbitrage across regions and markets is also being examined.

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  • About half of all deaths from unsafe abortion are in Asia, with most of the remainder (44%) in Africa. 6 The unsafe abortion mortality ratio (the number of unsafe abortion-related deaths per 100 000 livebirths) varies across regions. For the developing world as a whole, this ratio was estimated to be 60 in the year 2000. However, the ratio is much higher in eastern, middle, and western Africa (90–140), and is lower in northern and southern Africa, western and southeastern Asia, and Latin America and the Caribbean (10–40).

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  • At Facebook, everything we do is about making the world more open and connected. This has a profound impact on the way people communicate and interact. We are continually developing authentic ways for people to connect with one another as well as with the businesses, brands and institutions they care about, both on Facebook and across the web. Facebook allows marketers to stay connected with people throughout their day whether they are on their computers or mobile devices, at home or at work, watching TV or shopping with friends.

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  • Allocation is a cross-cutting challenge that has risen to priority status with the rapidly approaching deadlines for the implementation of annual catch limits (ACLs) and accountability measures (AMs). Allocation discussions and decisions are unique to each fishery and are shaped by innumerable natural, social and economic factors. Despite these differences, all allocation decisions address the fundamental question of how to distribute a limited renewable resource among user groups. Allocation decisions introduce new challenges as well as opportunities.

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  • The Joint Forum of banking, securities, and insurance supervisors has been working to enhance mutual understanding of issues related to the supervision of firms operating in each of the respective sectors. These efforts reflect the development of financial conglomerates, the increasing globalization of financial markets and the development of new financial instruments.

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  • The self-reported barriers vary significantly across regions as well as by individual characteristics. Among adults without a formal account, those in Sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America and the Caribbean are the most likely to cite missing documentation as a reason for not having one. Those in Europe and Central Asia have the least trust in banks. Women tend to report using someone else’s account significantly more than do men, highlighting the challenges that women may encounter in account ownership.

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  • The age until which children are permitted to stay in prison with their mothers varies considerably across the WHO European Region. With a range from zero to six years old, the age of three years is the most common age limit for children to stay with their mother in European prisons. Norway is the only European country that totally prohibits children from staying with their mother in prison (Quaker Council for European Affairs, 2007).

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  • Mehta and Shahpar (2004) present a cost-effectiveness analysis of household air pollution control interventions by WHO regions with significant SFU prevalence. Benefits are healthy years gained from reduced risk of ALRI in children and COPD in adult females and males based on regional data from WHO. An improved stove is assumed to reduce SFU pollution exposure and health effects by 75 percent. Per household annualized cost of cooking systems range across regions from $40-90 for LPG, $10-20 for kerosene, and $3-24 for improved stove ($3-5 in Africa and Asia).

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  • These results have implications for investors that integrate environmental and social data in their investment decision making process. Given recent evidence that investors across both buy-side (e.g., money managers, hedge funds, insurance companies, pension funds) and sell-side companies are paying attention to environmental and social performance metrics and disclosure (Eccles, Krzus, and Serafeim, 2011), evidence about the performance consequences of a culture of sustainability are particularly relevant. The remainder of the paper is as follows.

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  • To support its operations, DOD performs an assortment of interrelated and interdependent business functions, such as logistics, procurement, health care, and financial management. As we have previously reported, the DOD systems environment that supports these business functions has been overly complex, decentralized, and error prone, characterized by (1) little standardization across the department, (2) multiple systems performing the same tasks and storing the same data, and (3) the need for data to be entered manually into multiple systems.

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  • While these fi gures show that engagement priorities are shifting, marketers also understand the importance of integrating communications across all of these channels—not managing each independently—to deliver a more consistent and personalised buying experience to consumers. “Our go-to-market strategy is to win wherever people shop,” says Alex Tosolini, vice-president of global e-business at Procter & Gamble (P&G). “As more people move their shopping habits online, we want to be present when and where they want to make a purchase.

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