“Action research” is a research type of great practical value and high frequency of usage in language teaching. An insightful look into the nature and sequence of investigation in this approach is essential for teachers and research workers.
Action research is actually suitable for any person who wishes to improve his or her performance; or any group or organization who hopes for doing the same. As a matter of fact, action research is widely used in education, especially by teachers who use it to improve their teaching. Teachers from all over the world, from the United States, Australia, New Zealand to Vietnam, etc have employed action research as a part of their teaching and research.
In the 1980s and early 1990s, I had the opportunity to observe a number of
development projects in the Amazon region of Brazil. Some of the projects
were designed to improve the life of colonists in the region, while others
were focused on management of natural resources. All the projects were
“top down” in the sense that project design and direction were carried out
by high-level corporate or government sponsors at headquarters far
removed from the affected areas.
This thesis describes a programme of continuous action research,
involving an international network of major organisations to which
projects are important. The research concerns the development of
methodology and content to build this nchvork into a learning
community for project improvement. The research started with six
quite basic questions about project management practices but it has led
to significant developments in:
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Developing the practice context to enable more effective pain management with older people: an action research approach
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học quốc tế cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Implementation research design: integrating participatory action research into randomized controlled trials
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Implementation research design: integrating participatory action research into randomized controlled trials
This comprehensive text explores the philosophy that all nurses are leaders who use creative decision making, entrepreneurship, and life-long learning to create a work environment that is efficient, cost-effective, and committed to quality care. Broad and comprehensive coverage encompasses leadership and management theories and processes by synthesizing information from nursing, health care, general administration and management, and leadership literature.
Given a bounded valence, bushy tree T , we prove that any cobounded quasi-action of a group G on T is quasiconjugate to an action of G on another bounded valence, bushy tree T . This theorem has many applications: quasi-isometric rigidity for fundamental groups of ﬁnite, bushy graphs of coarse PD(n) groups for each ﬁxed n; a generalization to actions on Cantor sets of Sullivan’s theorem about uniformly quasiconformal actions on the 2-sphere; and a characterization of locally compact topological groups which contain a virtually free group as a cocompact lattice. ...
Let M be a connected compact pseudoRiemannian manifold acted upon topologically transitively and isometrically by a connected noncompact simple Lie group G. If m0 , n0 are the dimensions of the maximal lightlike subspaces tangent to M and G, respectively, where G carries any bi-invariant metric, then we have n0 ≤ m0 . We study G-actions that satisfy the condition n0 = m0 .
This study investigates the extent to which the presence of pictures in text benefits lowproficiency Taiwanese English foreign language (EFL) college students. The findings show that the low-proficiency participants had significantly higher scores on their translation tasks when the text was presented together with the pictures, and that the accompanying pictures facilitated those low-level participants in comprehending not only the simpler but also the more difficult text.
ZF-RNase-3 is one of the RNases from zebrafish (Danio rerio) with special
(i.e. noncatalytic) properties. These include angiogenic and bactericidal
activities. Given the interest of fish RNases as host-defense effectors, we
studied the mechanism of the bactericidal action of ZF-RNase-3 onEscheri-chia coli as a model Gram-negative bacterium.
Insulin is the principal regulatory hormone involved in the tight regulation of fuel metabolism. In response to blood glucose levels, it is secreted by the b cells of the pancreas and exerts its eﬀects by binding to cell surface receptors that are present on virtually all cell types and tissues. In humans, perturbations in insulin function and/or secretion lead to diabetes mellitus, a severe disorder primarily characterized by an inability to maintain blood glucose homeostasis. Furthermore, it is estimated that 90–95% of diabetic patients exhibit resistance to insulin action....
Research has revealed the crucial importance of involving the education sector
in the process of agreeing to the potential benefits, as the two sectors have differ-
ent criteria and values in relation to effectiveness and impact.
It is vital that the education sector be convinced of the need to develop a policy
on school health promotion. Such policy may be developed in isolation or, more
likely, with support from the health sector or other partners.
The cancer registry is an essential part of any rational programme of can-
cer control. Its data can be used in a wide variety of areas of cancer control
ranging from etiological research, through primary and secondary preven-
tion to health-care planning and patient care. Although most cancer reg-
istries are not obliged to do more than provide the basis for such uses of the
data, they possess the potential for developing and supporting important
research programmes making use of the information they collect....
The dimeric structure of seminal ribonuclease (BS-RNase)
is maintained by noncovalent interactions and by two
intersubunit disulfide bridges.Another unusual feature of
this enzyme is its antitumour action, consisting in a cyto-toxic activity selective for malignant cells.This cytotoxic
action is exerted when the protein reaches the cytosol of
the affected cells, where it degrades ribosomal RNA, thus
blocking protein synthesis and leading cells to death.
This paper describes a system which generates animations for cooking actions in recipes, to help people understand recipes written in Japanese. The major goal of this research is to increase the scalability of the system, i.e., to develop a system which can handle various kinds of cooking actions. We designed and compiled the lexicon of cooking actions required for the animation generation system. The lexicon includes the action plan used for animation generation, and the information about ingredients upon which the cooking action is taken. ...
The 17th Annual National Business Group on Health/Towers Watson Employer Survey on Purchasing
Value in Health Care tracks employers’ strategies and practices, and the results of their efforts to
provide and manage health benei ts for their workforce. This report identii es the actions of high-
performing companies, as well as current trends in the health care benei t programs of U.S. employers
with at least 1,000 employees (Figure 1). Respondents were also asked about specii c implications for
their health care benei t programs attributed to the PPACA.
Everyone is talking about coaching. As people who work within the field of learning and
development, we find that we are constantly asked for training in coaching skills and to help
organizations introduce coaching schemes. Line managers are told that an important part of
their role is coaching. Trainers are increasingly asked to coach individuals.
In researching background material for training courses we have found that much of the
training and reading material available focuses on the skills of a coach – the art of active
listening, asking questions, and summarizing action points.
The main objective of the doctoral research was to improve the performance in
Physics and Mathematics, at Advanced Level Examinations, of two rural girls’
secondary schools in Arua (Muni and Ediofe) through application of e-learning.
Both schools have no functional science laboratories and libraries. They also
have no qualified and committed teachers who can competently teach at that
level of education. The research included participatory action research
methodology and the use of interactive multimedia CD-ROMs for Physics and
Mathematics as the main course delivery platform.