Acute complications

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  • More than 19 million Americans have diabetes—a condition that can produce life-threatening complications. Of the two major forms of diabetes—type 1 and type 2—type 2 comprises 90 to 95 percent of all cases in the United States. An additional 13 million people have the precursor to type 2 diabetes, called prediabetes. Worldwide, type 2 diabetes affects more than 190 million people, and some experts predict that if the current trends continue that figure could surge to over 300 million by the year 2025....

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  • This book is written with the intention of providing nurse practitioners working in the field of acute medicine with an up-to-date, practical and comprehensive guide to the management of acute medical patients. It is hoped that it will serve as a text from which the busy, highly skilled nurse can obtain information on the assessment, investigation, diagnosis and management of acute medical conditions. In my role as Consultant Nurse in Acute Medicine I appreciate the diversity this speciality brings and the challenges faced by working at an advanced level in this acute environment....

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  • Most patients are anemic and thrombocytopenic at presentation. Replacement of the appropriate blood components, if necessary, should begin promptly. Because qualitative platelet dysfunction or the presence of an infection may increase the likelihood of bleeding, evidence of hemorrhage justifies the immediate use of platelet transfusion, even if the platelet count is only moderately decreased. About 50% of patients have a mild to moderate elevation of serum uric acid at presentation.

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  • Treatment of Promyelocytic Leukemia Tretinoin is an oral drug that induces the differentiation of leukemic cells bearing the t(15;17). APL is responsive to cytarabine and daunorubicin, but about 10% of patients treated with these drugs die from DIC induced by the release of granule components by dying tumor cells. Tretinoin does not produce DIC but produces another complication called the retinoic acid syndrome. Occurring within the first 3 weeks of treatment, it is characterized by fever, dyspnea, chest pain, pulmonary infiltrates, pleural and pericardial effusions, and hypoxia.

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  • Cute pelvic pain is a common presenting com-plaint in women. The diagnosis of pelvic pain in women can be challenging because many symp-toms and signs are insensitive and unspecific. Prompt diagnosis and effective management pre-vent complications and may help preserve fertility .

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  • This book describes different perspectives of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. The approach includes aspects of molecular epidemiology, particularly molecular features that influence the genesis and prognosis of the disease. Some aspects of the prognosis of lymphoblastic leukemias are very detailed, highlighting the use of molecular biology in the early identification of complications that may occur in diseased patients.

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  • Diabetes mellitus and its complications are clinical conditions of growing importance both from the clinical as well as epidemiological standpoint. The relevance of diabetes at clinical and individual level is given by its lifethreatening acute complications and, especially, by its chronic complications affecting several organs and systems, with increased risk for ocular, renal, cardiac, cerebral, nervous and peripheral vascular diseases.

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  • Chemoprevention β-Carotene and cis-retinoic acid can lead to the regression of leukoplakia. However, cis-retinoic acid does not reduce the incidence of second primaries Treatment Complications Complications from treatment of head and neck cancer are usually correlated to the extent of surgery and exposure of normal tissue structures to radiation. Currently, the extent of surgery has been limited or completely replaced by chemotherapy and radiation therapy as the primary approach. Acute complications of radiation include mucositis and dysphagia.

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  • Acute emergencies in gastroenterology are extraordinarily severe conditions with high morbidity and mortality. Particularly severe diseases include acute pancreatitis, a difficult course of non-specific intestinal inflammations manifested by toxic colon or acute intestinal obstruction, and even acutely developed intestinal pseudo-obstruction (Ogilvie’s syndrome) or variceal and non-variceal bleeding into the gastrointestinal tract.

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  • Diagnosis of acute pediatric sinusitis must be made on the basis of signs, symptoms, and clinical examination. Laboratory tests may be normal even in complicated sinusitis (Pitkäranta et al. 1999; Hytönen et al. 2000), and radiolog- ical fi ndings do not necessarily correlate with a child’s clinical condition. Pathological fi ndings are frequently found in plain radiographs, CT, and MRI of children with common colds, and also in children without symptoms of a respi- ratory infection (Kronemer and McAlister 1997; American Academy of Pediatrics 2001; Schwartz et al.

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  • Cardiac arrest is cessation of heart action. Ventricular standstill (asystole) and ventricular fibrillation are the immediate causes, but the underlying etiologies are most frequently acute myocardial hypoxia or alteration in conduction or both. In obstetrics and gynecology, cardiac arrest occurs during induction of anesthesia and during operative surgery or instrumented delivery. Cardiovascular disease increases the risk of cardiac arrest, and hypoxia and hypertension are contributory causes.

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài: Contemporary management of infected necrosis complicating severe acute pancreatitis...

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Acute hydrothorax complicating peritoneal dialysis: a case report

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu khoa học ngành y học tạp chí Medical Sciences dành cho các bạn sinh viên ngành y tham khảo đề tài:Soluble Endothelial Selectin in Acute Lung Injury Complicated by Severe Pneumonia...

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học quốc tế cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Successful use of inhaled nitric oxide to decrease intracranial pressure in a patient with severe traumatic brain injury complicated by acute respiratory distress syndrome: a role for an anti-inflammatory mechanism?

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Giant cell arteritis complicated by acute pancreatitis: a case report

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Double rupture of interventricular septum and free wall of the left ventricle, as a mechanical complication of acute myocardial infarction: a case report

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: Complications and management of acute copper sulphate poisoning; A case discussion

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về hóa học được đăng trên tạp chí sinh học đề tài : Clinical presentation and aetiologies of acute or complicated headache among HIV-seropositive patients in a Ugandan clinic

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  • Management of acute pain, especially post-operative pain, in patients on high dose opioids is a challenge that requires in-depth knowledge of pharmacokinetics and the formulation of a careful management plan to avoid withdrawal symptoms and inadequate pain management. • Chronic pain after cancer surgery may occur in up to 50% of patients. Risk factors for the development of chronic pain after breast cancer surgery include: young age, chemo and radiotherapy, poor post-operative pain control and certain surgical factors.

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