Addictive drugs

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  • Addiction, increasingly perceived as a heterogeneous brain disorder, is one of the most peculiar psychiatric pathologies in that its management involves various, often non-overlapping, resources from the biological, psychological, medical, economical, social, and legal realms. Despite extensive efforts from the players of these various fields, to date there are no reliably effective treatments of addiction.

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  • Introduction: Local anaesthetics reversibly block neural transmission in local tissues. The drugs are bound with specific receptors located inside the sodium channels of cell membranes, and thus block the permeability of sodium ions; this is the mechanism of anaesthetic action of these drugs. As the history of local anaesthetics, Von Anrep discovered the local anaesthetic action of an alkaloid cocaine being contained in the leaves of Erythroxylon coca. Then, Karl Koller used cocaine as a local anaesthetic in ophthalmological surgery.

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  • Addiction and recovery have been topics of Hollywood films and movies of the week and are increasingly integrated into mainstream television shows through the inclusion of addicted characters. Now the producers of reality shows have entered the field with the new American television show Intervention, on the A&E channel.

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  • Drug and alcohol addictions and the law are historically well acquainted in the American legal system. The pervasive presence of legal consequences from alcohol and drug disorders is evidence in medical-legal populations. The identification and treatment of addictive diseases are increasingly important in forensic practice, particularly in cases pertaining to criminal conduct, malprac- tice, employment, disability, child custody, and correctional psychiatry.

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  • Addiction is a terrible thing. It consumes and controls us, makes us deny important truths and blinds us to the consequences of our actions. Our world is in the grip of a dangerous carbon habit. Coal and oil paved the way for the developed world’s industrial progress.

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  • Psychiatric disorders represent a complex interaction between psychological, developmental, neurobiological, and genetic factors. This book focuses on the neurobiological elements of psychiatric conditions. In the last 30 years, much has been learned about the neuroanatomic, neurophysiological, neurochemical, and molecular elements that contribute to major psychiatric illnesses such as schizophrenia, drug dependence, anxiety disorders, major depression, bipolar disorder, and dementias.

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Bioethical differences between drug addiction treatment professionals inside and outside the Russian Federation Vladimir D Mendelevich

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: Common Genotypes of Hepatitis B virus prevalent in Injecting drug abusers (addicts) of North West Frontier Province of Pakistan

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  • As a drug of abuse methamphetamine (MA) has received tremendous press, much of which has been inaccurate. For example people do not become addicted to MA after one exposure; it is not inherently more reinforcing than other drugs with abuse potential. Moreover, treatment for MA addiction can be effective; in fact it often appears to be as effective as treatment for cocaine addiction (e.g., Copeland & Sorensen, 2001; Luchansky et al., 2007). That is not to say, of course, that MA is benign. It is an incredibly dangerous drug.

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: The evolutionary origins and significance of drug addiction

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  • Tham khảo tài liệu 'báo cáo hóa học: " common genotypes of hepatitis b virus prevalent in injecting drug abusers (addicts) of north west frontier province of pakistan"', luận văn - báo cáo phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • There are a wide range of problems that are considered psychological disorders, including mental and emotional disorders, problems related to alcohol and drug abuse, and some diseases that cause both emotional and physical symptoms. Psychological disorders often begin in early childhood, but during adolescence we see a sharp increase in the number of people affected by these disorders. It has been estimated that about 20 percent of the U.S. population will have some form of mental disorder sometime during their lifetime. Some psychological disorders appear following severe stress or trauma.

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  • Working on this book has not been easy. I’ve had to plunge deep into the memories of my years of addiction, and into the troubling emotions that I felt back then. If you’re reading this book right now, chances are you already have some notion of the uncomfortable feelings that substance abuse can cause. I believe that this book can be helpful to you and to others who have faced the incredible challenge of addiction, so I’ve traveled back in time in order to relate to you my experiences with drugs—mostly heroin—and how I nearly lost my life to this devastating substance....

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  • The book isn't focused solely on hacking. Nuwere writes about his mother's battle with drug addiction and her death, his own depression and suicide attempts and life as a street gang member. "In many ways technology saved me. It allowed me to escape from a world of violence and negativity into a world that was limitless and unrestrictive," Nuwere said.

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  • The representation of drug treatment in America can affect society in several ways, including stigmatization. Elizabeth Hirschman (1992), in her study of cocaine use in films, argues that "motion pictures which focus upon addiction can serve as instructive, semiotically-rich texts for communicating cultural knowledge about addiction" (p. 428). This communication is not simply one-way, though; it exists as a continual feedback loop, with movies "both reflect[ing] and shape[ing] individual and societal values, attitudes, and behavior" (Wedding, 2000, p. 3).

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  • Congress established a standing disaster program in the 2008 farm bill— the Supplemental Revenue Assistance Payments Program. Under this program, Congress funded a $3.8 billion permanent trust fund and directed the Secretary of Agriculture to make crop disaster assistance payments to eligible farmers who suffer crop losses on or before September 30, 2011. USDA—through FSA—began making disaster payments under this program in early 2010 for crop losses incurred in 2008.

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  • Addiction has appeared on the movie screen since Edison's earliest films (Starks, 1982); however, the now familiar images of modem institutional treatment did not appear until the late 1980s. After a decade of American cultural backlash against addicts and drug treatment during the years of the Reagan administration, public opinion seemed to shift throughout the 1990s toward encouraging people with substance-abuse problems to get help (White, 1998). Since that time, Hollywood has released several works with narratives focused on institutional treatment of addiction....

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  • There is a profound relationship between language and culture, and neither Partridge nor Paul Beale, editor of the 8th edition, seem to have assimilated the cultural changes that began at the end of World War 2. This left them without the cultural knowledge needed to understand the language that they were recording. Their lack of cultural understanding accelerated with time, and this is sadly reflected in the later entries.

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  • Hootkani et al. Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2010, 5:41 http://www.josr-online.com/content/5/1/41 CASE REPORT Case report Open Access Neglected simultaneous bilateral femoral neck fractures secondary to narcotic drug abuse treated by bilateral one-staged hemiarthroplasty: a case report Alireza Hootkani, Ali Moradi and Ehsan Vahedi* Abstract Simultaneous bilateral femoral neck fractures are extremely rare and associated with various conditions.

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  • After researching literature on addiction and film, I chose the films for the study and viewed each one many times, specifically looking for socioeconomic representations of characters, treatment of different races, sexes, and sexual preferences, methods of production as they relate to addicted characters and drug usage, and the depiction of treatment/ self-help groups. I then outlined the narrative of each film and compared the uses and meanings brought to addicts, addiction, and substances. I found that these movies construct a fairly unified image of treatment.

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