The solubility of a partially soluble salt is decreased when a common ion is added.
Consider the equilibrium established when acetic acid, HC2H3O2, is added to water.
At equilibrium H+ and C2H3O2- are constantly moving into and out of solution, but the concentrations of ions is constant and equal.
If a common ion is added, e.g. C2H3O2- from NaC2H3O2 (which is a strong electrolyte) then [C2H3O2-] increases and the system is no longer at equilibrium.
So, [H+] must decrease.
Teaching additional languages means teaching a second, third
or further language within students’ countries of origin or in
countries to which they have migrated. Because there are so
many languages in the world and so many reasons why students
should learn them, the teaching of additional languages is a
great challenge and opportunity for educators.
Under the Pharmaceutical Zero-for-Zero Initiative, which entered into force in 1995, the
United States and its major trading partners eliminated tariffs on many pharmaceuticals,
their derivatives, and certain chemical intermediates used to make pharmaceuticals. The
U.S. list of pharmaceutical products and chemical intermediates that are eligible for duty-
free treatment under the agreement is presented in the Pharmaceutical Appendix to the
Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States.
Although the FAB classification failed to
distinguish immunophenotypic groups of acute lymphoblastic leukemias, did not recognize
the significance of myelodysplastic changes in acute myeloid leukemias or cytogenetic
abnormalities in either leukemia type, and resulted in some subcategories of little clinical
significance, this system provided very clear guidelines for classification.
English as their native tongue are compelled to write
their work in English which, by chance, happens to be the de facto, universal language of
science. As a result, it compelled me to address many of the aspects of scientific writing from
the viewpoint of non-native English speaking authors and to emphasise that they are not as
disadvantaged as they perhaps may think. The language of science which conveys logic and
reasoning, is independent of the language in which it happens to be expressed.
The scope of this electrical installation handbook is to provide the designer and
user of electrical plants with a quick reference, immediate-use working tool.
This is not intended to be a theoretical document, nor a technical catalogue,
but, in addition to the latter, aims to be of help in the correct definition of
equipment, in numerous practical installation situations.
The first edition of
(1989) was written to bridge the gap between
toxicology and chemistry. It defined toxicological chemistry as the science that deals with the
chemical nature and reactions of toxic substances, their origins and uses, and the chemical aspects
of their exposure, transformation, and elimination by biological systems. It emphasized the chemical
formulas, structures, and reactions of toxic substances. The second edition of
(1992) was significantly enlarged and increased in scope compared to the first edition.
During the past 20 years, design and operation of the comfort systems for buildings have been transformed
because of energy conservation imperatives, the use of computer-based design aids, and major advances
in intelligent management systems for buildings. In the 1970s, rules of thumb were widely used by
designers. Today, a strong analytical basis for the design synthesis process is standard procedure. This
handbook describes the latest methods for design and operation of new and existing buildings.
Nuclear power approximately supplies a sixth of the world's electricity and considers
as the major source of "carbon-free" energy today. With growing concerns aboutglobal
warming, it is not surprising that governments and power providers around the world
are considering building a substantial number of additional nuclear power plants.
These plants have demonstrated remarkable reliability and efficiency with the help of
extensive research work and sharing operational practical experience.
Crystal growth is an important process, which forms the basis for a wide variety of natural phenomena and engineering developments. This book provides a unique opportunity for a reader to gain knowledge about various aspects of crystal growth from advanced inorganic materials to inorganic/organic composites, it unravels some problems of molecular crystallizations and shows advances in growth of pharmaceutical crystals, it tells about biomineralization of mollusks and cryoprotection of living cells, it gives a chance to learn about statistics of chiral asymmetry in crystal structure....
The meeting began with educational sessions addressing
Teaching of Surgery in Gynecologic Oncology, Biological
Agents and Targeted Therapies, Nursing and Practice
Innovations, and Pathology along with several industry
sponsored symposia. In addition to the educational sessions
the offerings included Interactive, Free Communication, Meet-
the-Professor Sessions and Tumor Boards covering a wide
range of topics including the Role of Sentinel Node Mapping,
Robotic Surgery, Neo-Adjuvant chemotherapy, Fertility Sparing
Surgery and The New FIGO Staging System to name a few.
Presti et al. took two extra biopsies laterally on each side at the base and mid gland in
addition to the traditional sextant technique in an effort to include more peripheral zone
tissue in their sampling (Presti et al., 2000). This produced a 10-core biopsy. They enrolled
483 men with either abnormal DRE or a PSA 4 ng/mL. On analysis of the cancer detection
rate from each side, it was discovered that the traditional sextant technique missed 20% of
"Clinical practice guidelines are systematically developed statements to assist practitioner and
patient decisions about appropriate health care for specific clinical circumstances."
Practice guidelines are used by diverse segments of the medical community to define and
communicate standards of performance and care. To date, the American Medical Association has
catalogued nearly 2,000 clinical practice guidelines or equivalent documents.
An additional source
on practice Guidelines is the web site www.guideline.
A dramatic increase in knowledge regarding the molecular biology of brain tumors has been established over the past few years, and this has lead to the development of novel therapeutic strategies for these patients. In this book a review of the options available for the clinical management of patients with these tumors are outlined. In addition advances in radiology both for pre-operative diagnostic purposes along with surgical planning are described.
In addition to surveys of required reading in twelfth grade and the first year of college and
consultations with experts in text complexity, two leading measurement systems were used to help
make the selections below. While other measures of readability and text complexity have value, the
two described below helped guide this initial work and confirmed that these four texts are suitable
exemplars of the types of complex texts that students need to master to be ready for college and
I am particularly indebted to Drs Graça Loureiro, Beatriz Tavares, Daniel Machado
and Prof A Segorbe Luís, from Immunoallergy Departement of Coimbra University
Hospital Center who willingly assisted me in the review and in the scientific
discussion of some fundamental aspects that have benefited the final version. The
preparation of this edition for publication depends heavily on the excellent
professional secretarial work of Ms Molly Kaliman, Publishing Process Manager. Of
course a special thanks to the Intech-Open Access Publisher who had honored me with
that feat challenge.
This helpsheet will help you fill in boxes 4 to 11 in the ‘Life insurance gains’
section on page Ai 1 of the Additional Information pages of the tax return.
It will help you decide which boxes you need to use and what you need to
enter in those boxes. These notes are generally applicable to individuals,
trustees and personal representatives of a deceased person unless the notes
This helpsheet deals with chargeable event gains on UK life insurance
policies, life annuities and capital redemption policies.
Several filers reported suspected Ponzi schemes where subjects gathered client
funds for investment in commercial real estate or real estate securities without
actually purchasing the underlying assets. A hedge fund claimed to invest millions
in CMBS and credit derivatives, but the filer found no evidence of CMBS ownership.
The hedge fund primarily bought long-term certificates of deposit earning minimal
interest, which were inconsistent with the fund’s investment strategy. In addition,
the filer noted many small client deposits, consistent with a Ponzi scheme.
Therefore, regardless of the curriculum or program, we stick to a proven training methodology that
includes a series of workshops, assignments, proprietary tools/templates/forms/surveys/assessments,
personal coaching, individual telephone follow-up and the banking industry’s only online accountability
Compass system that is followed-up by phone, email and in person visits. Our typical engagement lasts
at least six months, but more typically spans 12 – 15 months with additional quarterly follow-up thereafter.
In other words, we exclude both the analysis of other (non-economic) foreign policies with
an impact on the development of development-aid-receiving countries, and the coherence
between the instruments and objectives of international development cooperation policy.
Some of these aspects are covered in previous papers on the coherence of Spain’s
development policies, such as Alonso and FitzGerald (2003).
Very broadly speaking, the development of aid-receiving countries has been established
as the objective we have to be consistent with.