Xem 1-20 trên 28 kết quả Adolescent nutrition
  • Nutrition is one of the most important factors that impact health in all areas of the lifecycle. Pregnant women need adequate food and health care to deliver a healthy baby who has a good birth weight and a fighting chance for survival. In many regions of the world, the infant mortality rate is very high, meaning that many infants will not live to see their first birthday. Breastfeeding is the ideal method of feeding and nurturing infants, because breast milk contains many immunologic agents that protect the infant against bacteria, viruses, and parasites.

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  • Nutrition is an important lifestyle factor that contributes to our general feeling well. Recently, it has even further suggested, based on a number of epidemiological studies, that our diet is also associated with the risk of developing a number of chronic diseases, such as diabetes type II, cardiovascular diseases, osteoporosis, many types of cancer, just to name few. Thus, a balanced nutrition is firmly interwoven with many aspects of our long-term health, including the prevention of diseases, albeit this is typically rather associated with the medicinal areas.

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  • Hélène Delisle, Ph.D., professor Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine Université de Montréal, Canada V Chandra-Mouli, M.D., Medical Officer Department of Child and Adolescent Health WHO, Geneva Bruno de Benoist, M.D., Medical Officer Department of Nutrition for Health and Development WHO, Geneva

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  • Women’s nutritional conditions differ widely among and within countries. Such conditions are worst in the less-developed regions and countries of the world, where poverty, social disparities, discrimination, and different kinds of malnutrition affect large populations.

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  • Second, the prospects for major child health reform will diminish as resources become increasingly scarce.Health care spending that is already hitting the “high- water mark” of 16 percent of U.S. gross domestic product (GDP) and predictably increasing in the face of the next wave of genomics-driven technological innova- tions will be swamped by the approaching “Silver Tsunami.

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  • Nutrition Principle A is drawn from the principles of the 2010 DGA and is meant to ensure that children achieve a healthful diet, without overeating, by choosing individual foods that make a meaningful contribution to the diet and avoiding foods that do not. Under this principle, individual foods marketed to children would contribute a significant amount of at least one of the following food groups – fruit, vegetable, whole grain, fat-free or low-fat milk products, fish, extra lean meat or poultry, eggs, nuts and seeds, or beans (referred to below as the “listed food groups”).

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  • The poor nutritional status of women in developing countries has been associated with maternal mortality. Maternal deaths do not result from malnutrition alone, however, but mainly from a lack of access to obstetric care and from previous conditions that may be aggravated by poor nutrition.

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  • Several particularmodels have been constructed to develop the new perspective.We are still nowhere near to having an overarching model, of the kind economists are used to in the theory of general competitive equilibrium. 19 Some models have as their ingredients large inequalities in land ownership in poor countries and the non-convexities that prevail at the level of the individual person in transforming nutrition intake into nutritional status and, thereby, labour productivity (Dasgupta and Ray, 1986, 1987; Dasgupta, 1993, 1997b).

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  • Cushing’s disease is rare in children and adolescents. We report the clinical presenta- tions of three children with Cushing’s disease. All three exhibited the typical symptoms and signs of weight gain and growth retardation. Two also demonstrated personality changes, hypertension and hypokalemia, the last of these being rarely reported in patients with Cushing’s disease. Lack of diurnal changes in serum cortisol levels was the most common biochemical finding.

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  • Each of the four agencies appointed representatives to the Working Group, which was formally convened with an initial meeting on May 5, 2009. As the first phase of preparing a report to Congress, the Working Group has developed a set of recommendations for proposed voluntary nutrition principles to guide industry self-regulatory efforts to improve the nutritional profile of foods that are most heavily marketed to children. The recommendations set forth below include the proposed nutrition principles.

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  • The proposed nutrition principles apply to individual foods, as well as to main dishes and meal products. The Working Group started with a set of proposed food group contributions and nutrient limits for individual foods. It then calculated appropriate adjustments to accommodate main dishes and meals, as those products are defined by federal labeling regulations. The adjustments reflect the fact that main dishes and meals are 18 defined as containing at least two or three 40-gram food portions respectively, and include foods from two or more of four food groups.

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  • Nutrient deficiencies were reported in infants born to women who underwent procedures that resulted in malabsorption, as well as women who did not take prenatal vitamins or had difficulty with their own nutrition (i.e., from chronic vomiting). Literature suggests that gastric bypass and laparoscopic adjustable band procedures confer only minimal, if any, increased risk of nutritional or congenital problems if supplemental vitamins are taken and maternal nutrition is otherwise adequate. Biliopancreatic diversion has an appreciable risk for nutritional problems in some patients.

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  • We did not identify any prospective cohort studies, which would be the strongest study design to assess this question of risk. Consequently, our conclusions are tempered by the limited available evidence. Based on these data, gastric bypass and laparoscopic adjustable band seem to confer minimal if any risk for nutrient problems, as long as maternal nutrition is maintained.

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  • As a non-governmental organization in official relations with WHO, IACAPAP received an invitation from the director-general of the WHO to appoint representatives to attend the 130th session of the executive board, which was held from 16 to 23 January 2012. A close scrutiny revealed a heavily packed child and adolescent mental health agenda. Apart from the global burden of mental disorders, there were other items very relevant to CAMH.

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  • Report by the WHO health update (WHO 2004) IN Dafur region of Sudan showed that the main health cancers facing displaced people in Dafur and their host communities include: Malnutrition, acute respiratory infections, diarrhoeal disease, malaria, hepatitis E and conflictreated tarauma. The possibility of outbreaks of communicable diseases is particularly elevated, low standards of environmental hygiene, declining nutritional states, and low vaccination coverage.

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  • Since the first asthma guidelines were published more than 30 years ago, there has been a trend towards producing unified guidelines that apply to all age groups. This has been prompted by the recognition that common pathogenic and inflammatory mechanisms underlie all asthma, evidence-based literature on the efficacy of key controller and reliever medications, and an effort to unify treatment approaches for asthma patients in different age categories. This approach avoids repetition of details that are common to all patients with asthma.

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  • Therapist Lisa Lieberman stresses that it is impor- tant to make the information available to kids at a developmentally appropriate level. Particularly at first, you may want to talk to each child individ- ually if they have different information needs. A six-year-old may just need to be told that a part of mommy’s brain isn’t working like it should, and that makes her move funny, but she’s going to be okay. An adolescent may need more specific infor- mation about the disease. Outside resources can help in guiding your discus- sions.

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  • Improvement of exclusive breastfeeding practices, adequate and timely complementary feeding, along with continued breastfeeding for up to two years or beyond, could save annually the lives of 1.5 million children under five years of age6 . Growth failure during intrauterine life and poor nutrition in the first two years of life, have critical consequences throughout the life-course.

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  • Nutrition during childhood and adolescence is essential for growth and development, health and well-being. [1,2] Further, eating behaviors established during childhood track into adulthood and contribute to long-term health and chronic disease risk. [3,4] Numerous studies have consistently documented that dietary intake patterns of American children and adolescents are poor and do not meet national dietary goals. [5-8] In addition, US food consumption trend data show a shift over the past few decades.

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  • Media-related commercial marketing aimed at promoting the purchase of products and services by children, and by adults for children, is ubiquitous and has been associated with negative health consequences such as poor nutrition and physical inactivity. But, as Douglas Evans points out, not all marketing in the electronic media is confined to the sale of products.

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