Xem 1-20 trên 45 kết quả Adolescent pregnancy
  • as mentioned, sexual and reproductive health is a unique sub-sector, due to its close association with important and sensitive socio-cultural factors and gender roles which define and prescribe appropriate opportunities and avenues of action. the field is uniquely sensitive and therefore must involve explicit exploration across all areas of activity of some critical cross cutting issues – among them gender, adolescent health, sexually transmitted infections and HIV/AIDs.

    pdf0p thankinhphanliet 21-12-2012 30 11   Download

  • Funders and lawmakers are increasingly requiring that adolescent pregnancy and STI/HIV prevention programs be based on effective prevention strategies to be considered for funding. Moreover, for funding to continue, programs are now generally expected to document their own effectiveness in preventing adolescent pregnancy or STI/HIV or in changing the risky sexual behaviors antecedent to these problems. Behavioral change, as opposed to knowledge or attitudinal change alone, is the standard criterion of effectiveness....

    pdf409p loaken_1 15-11-2012 18 4   Download

  • In Africa, as in many parts of the world, adolescent reproductive health is a controversial issue for policy makers and programme planners. Adolescents are particularly vulnerable to HIV and AIDS and to a host of other problems such as sexually transmitted infection, unwanted pregnancy, unsafe abortions, sexual abuse, female genital mutilation and unsafe circumcision. Yet many countries don’t have adolescent health policies and much remains to be done to ensure that adolescents can access appropriate sexual and reproductive health services....

    pdf0p quatet 12-01-2013 21 3   Download

  • Sexual risk behavior among U.S. adolescents is a major public health concern, with young people accounting for a disproportionate number of unplanned pregnancies and sexually transmitted infection diagnoses. Although a great deal of research attention has been devoted to understanding what puts adolescents at risk for these

    pdf1p anhnangmuahe2013 12-03-2013 14 2   Download

  • As a non-governmental organization in official relations with WHO, IACAPAP received an invitation from the director-general of the WHO to appoint representatives to attend the 130th session of the executive board, which was held from 16 to 23 January 2012. A close scrutiny revealed a heavily packed child and adolescent mental health agenda. Apart from the global burden of mental disorders, there were other items very relevant to CAMH.

    pdf29p seketnoi 28-04-2013 47 2   Download

  • This book is the long-anticipated sequel to the first edition of Psychological Aspects of Women’s Health Care written almost a decade ago. In this edition, the authors continue the tradition of writing and speaking plainly about the fascinating, and at times baffling, relationships between women patients and their obstetrician and gynecologist physicians. As the authors note, the field has changed dramatically since the first volume was published.

    pdf674p kimngan_1 09-11-2012 37 6   Download

  • Women in prison often have more health problems than male prisoners. As indicated before, many have chronic and complex health conditions resulting from lives of poverty, drug use, family violence, sexual assault, adolescent pregnancy, malnutrition and poor health care (Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, 2006; WHO Regional Office for Europe, 2007a). Drug-dependent women offenders have a higher prevalence than male offenders of tuberculosis, hepatitis, toxaemia, anaemia, hypertension, diabetes and obesity (Covington, 2007).

    pdf207p le_minh_nha 18-12-2012 21 6   Download

  • Women’s nutritional conditions differ widely among and within countries. Such conditions are worst in the less-developed regions and countries of the world, where poverty, social disparities, discrimination, and different kinds of malnutrition affect large populations.

    pdf21p connicquy 20-12-2012 35 6   Download

  • The study provides information on key reproductive and sexual health indicators in young women and men age 15-24 in 38 developing countries. The data come from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and AIDS Indicator Surveys (AIS) conducted between 2001 and 2005. Indicators are selected for the following key areas: background characteristics; adolescent pregnancy; contraception; sexual activity; and HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors. Additional analysis examines the association of various individual and household characteristics with the key indicators.

    pdf107p thankinhphanliet 21-12-2012 28 4   Download

  • The Artificial Insemination Database Application for Asia (AIDA Asia) was developed by FAO/IAEA in Microsoft Access 2000® and Visual Basic for Applications ® 6.0 [8]. The computer application contains 6 files to record, analyse and report data on farms, females inseminated, semen, oestrus characteristics, inseminators and pregnancy diagnosis. Fourteen bulls comprising 7 zebus and 7 crossbreds (50% zebu and 50% Friesian) that were used in the national AI programme were selected to determine their fertility.

    pdf98p thankinhphanliet 21-12-2012 21 4   Download

  • however, even with tested, low-cost solutions for maternal and neonatal health available, mothers and infants die needlessly. every year, more than 500,000 women die from complications of pregnancy and childbirth, and many more are permanently disabled. 6 even when infants survive, their chance for a healthy and productive life is much diminished by the death or disability of the mother.

    pdf12p connicquy 14-12-2012 25 3   Download

  • Sexual and reproductive rights apply to all individuals regardless of HIV status. Yet more often than not, the rights of HIV-positive women and adolescent girls are not recognized or given priority. Gender inequality and some social and cultural practices often tightly restrict and sometimes control the decisions that women and girls can make regarding their sexual and reproductive choices.

    pdf52p thankinhphanliet 21-12-2012 34 3   Download

  • Worldwide, one in five women has a child by the age of 18. In the poorest regions of the world, this rises to over one in three women. Adolescent pregnancies are more likely to occur among poor, less educated and rural populations. WHO’s recommendations for reducing early pregnancy are informed by two graded systematic reviews, three ungraded studies, as well as the conclusions of an expert panel.

    pdf0p le_minh_nha 25-12-2012 16 3   Download

  • Multiple individual characteristics are associated with positive reproductive health behaviors. Demographic characteristics, including gender, race/ethnicity, and age are all important, with males more likely than females to initiate sexual intercourse at an early age and to exhibit greater levels of sexual activity; racial and ethnic minorities more likely to engage in behaviors related to early pregnancy, childbearing and STIs, and older teens more likely be sexually experienced but also more likely to use contraception (Abma & Sonenstein, 2001; Miller, Norton et al.

    pdf6p le_minh_nha 25-12-2012 22 3   Download

  • The neighborhoods and communities that adolescents live in may also influence their reproductive health behaviors. Numerous studies show that adolescents living in disadvantaged communities with high poverty rates and low levels of socioeconomic status have a greater risk of early sexual initiation and a greater risk of adolescent pregnancy and childbearing (Brewster, Billy, & Grady, 1993; Hogan & Kitagawa, 1985; Sucoff & Upchurch, 1998). Alternately, living in a community with higher socioeconomic status is associated with a reduced risk of risky sexual activity.

    pdf6p le_minh_nha 25-12-2012 17 3   Download

  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài: Sexual risk behavior and pregnancy in detained adolescent females: a study in Dutch detention centers...

    pdf7p coxanh_5 29-10-2011 16 2   Download

  • In view of the absence of systematic data, a few studies that specifically examined causes of death during the perinatal period are worth mentioning, particularly in view of the dramatic and unexpected results they revealed. In high-income countries, Appleby (57), Kendell (58), Frautschi, Cerulli, and Maine (59), and Brockington (60) have examined mortality during the perinatal period. Overall, they found that the leading cause of death during this period was suicide, with rates significantly higher than in non-pregnant, non puerperal women.

    pdf80p can_thai 12-12-2012 17 2   Download

  • Every woman of childbearing age in the sample was asked about her maternity history. In particular, the questions addressed the outcome and the completion time of each pregnancy, the gender of live births, the number of months of pure breastfeeding for each child and the health condition of each live birth at the time of the survey. Unfortunately, women were not asked about the health condition of each child at birth. In the present paper, we restrict our analysis to the youngest child born to each woman of childbearing age. 5 There are three main reasons for doing this.

    pdf11p connicquy 14-12-2012 15 2   Download

  • Nutrient deficiencies were reported in infants born to women who underwent procedures that resulted in malabsorption, as well as women who did not take prenatal vitamins or had difficulty with their own nutrition (i.e., from chronic vomiting). Literature suggests that gastric bypass and laparoscopic adjustable band procedures confer only minimal, if any, increased risk of nutritional or congenital problems if supplemental vitamins are taken and maternal nutrition is otherwise adequate. Biliopancreatic diversion has an appreciable risk for nutritional problems in some patients.

    pdf47p thankinhphanliet 21-12-2012 17 2   Download

  • We did not identify any prospective cohort studies, which would be the strongest study design to assess this question of risk. Consequently, our conclusions are tempered by the limited available evidence. Based on these data, gastric bypass and laparoscopic adjustable band seem to confer minimal if any risk for nutrient problems, as long as maternal nutrition is maintained.

    pdf45p thankinhphanliet 21-12-2012 14 2   Download

Đồng bộ tài khoản