Xem 1-20 trên 245 kết quả Adult health
  • Vài năm nay, một tệ trạng làm buồn lòng không ít những người bác sĩ đàng hoàng hiểu biết sự việc, tệ trạng “Adult Day Health Care Center”.

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  • Every patient knows to seek medical help when his or her aches and pains become too much to bear, but how does the healthcare provider determine what is wrong and what to do to restore the patient to good health? The answer depends on the patient’s signs and symptoms and the results from medical tests. In this book you will learn to identify these signs and symptoms, interpret the medical test results, and perform the nursing interventions that will assist in solving or alleviating the patient’s medical problem.

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  • Relatively healthy older people, particularly those in the 60 to 70 age range, are likely to need services similar to other adult health center populations. They may face challenges similar to their younger counterparts; language barriers, limited health literacy, or cultural factors may impact health care access. Yet for the older-old, these familiar challenges are compounded by additional barriers to optimal care and quality of life. The disabled of any age often need supportive services to remain as healthy as possible and in the community.

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  • The past century has witnessed a dramatic increase in both life expectancy and the number of older adults. This demographic trend will be greatly accelerated in the next 10 years, as the first wave of baby boomers reaches retirement age. This trend is seen even more strongly among the oldest-old. For example, the 85+ population increased by 38% in the 1990s, from 3.1 million in 1990 to 4.2 million in 2000 (Hetzel & Smith, 2001).

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  • Adolescents who become pregnant prior to completion of their education typically face expulsion from school, and those who give birth often are not readmitted. In many African societies for example, once a young woman has given birth she is regarded as an adult, a role that is generally perceived as incompatible with continued formal educa- tion. In the event that a young woman is forced to abandon her education due to early pregnancy, she likely faces curtailment of her social, intellectual and economic develop- ment.

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  • Being able to look at clients and families with a “genetic eye” has become critical for all nurses. Advances from genetic and genomic research have influenced all areas of health care and cross all periods of the life cycle. Genetic factors are responsible in some way for both indirect and direct disease causation; for variation that determines predisposition, susceptibility, and resistance to disease; and for response to treatment.

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  • Prevention of Gastrointestinal Illness Diarrhea, the leading cause of illness in travelers (Chap. 122), is usually a short-lived, self-limited condition; however, 40% of affected individuals need to alter their scheduled activities, and another 20% are confined to bed. The most important determinant of risk is the destination. Incidence rates per 2-week stay have been reported to be as low as 8% in industrialized countries and as high as 55% in parts of Africa, Central and South America, and Southeast Asia. Infants and young adults are at particularly high risk.

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  • Immunizations for Travel Immunizations for travel fall into three broad categories: routine (childhood/adult boosters that are necessary regardless of travel), required (immunizations that are mandated by international regulations for entry into certain areas or for border crossings), and recommended (immunizations that are desirable because of travel-related risks). Vaccines commonly given to travelers are listed in Table 117-1.

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  • Gene transfer into many cell types has been successfully used to develop alternative and adjunct approaches to conventional medical treatment. However, effective transfection of postmitotic neurons remains a challenge. The aim of this study was to develop a method for gene transfer into rat primary dorsal root ganglion neurons using sonoporation. Methods: Dissociated cells from adult rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) cells were sonicated for 1-8 s at 2.5-10 W to determine the optimal ultrasound duration and power for gene transfection and cell survival.

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  • Health literacy is “the degree to which individuals can obtain, process, and understand the basic health information and services they need to make appropriate health decisions.” It represents a constellation of skills necessary for people to function effectively in the health care environment and act appropriately on health care information. These skills include the ability to interpret documents, read and write prose (print literacy), use quantitative information (numeracy), and speak and listen effectively (oral literacy).

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  • This report is based on research conducted by the Johns Hopkins University Evidence-based Practice Center under contract to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), Rockville, MD (Contract No. 290-02-0018). The findings and conclusions in this document are those of the author(s), who are responsible for its content, and do not necessarily represent the views of AHRQ. No statement in this report should be construed as an official position of AHRQ or of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

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  • Population groups that are potentially more vulnerable than others to indoor air pollution are children, pregnant women, elderly people, and people suffering from cardiovascular or respiratory diseases. Depending on their age, children may be more vulnerable than adults to certain toxic substances, like lead and tobacco smoke. Even at low levels, air pollutants may disrupt the development of their lungs, cause cough, bronchitis and other respiratory diseases, and make asthma worse.

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  • Population trends affect the course of and prospects for poverty reduction. Diverse and changing population dynamics have had dramatic impacts in sev- eral world regions. Sub-Saharan Africa remains in a poverty trap where demo- graphic factors – high fertility, high infant and child mortality, and excess adult mortality (including that due to HIV/AIDS) – play significant roles. Eastern Asia, on the other hand, has seen dramatic declines in the number of persons living in income poverty.

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  • Mounting evidence suggests that antecedents of adult mental disorders can be detected in children and adolescents. The development of policies and programmes for child and adolescent mental health have lagged those for adult mental disorders. The reasons for the lag are many, including widespread lack of knowledge about child development and childhood mental disorders, relatively weak advocacy, lack of training and in many parts of the world, absent fi nancial and professional resources for programme development and implementation.

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  • Synthesizing current information about sensory-motor plasticity, Neural Plasticity in Adult Somatic Sensory-Motor Systems provides an up-to-date description of the dynamic processes that occur in somatic sensory-motor cortical circuits or somatic sensory pathways to the cortex due to experience, learning, or damage to the nervous system. The book emphasizes changes in the cortex that are linked to shifts in movement or behavior and demonstrates the potential for direct brain-based interventions to improve the quality of life for people with sensory-motor disabilities....

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  • Poor Families in America’sHealth Care Crisis examines the implications of the fragmented and two-tiered health insurance system in the United States for the health care access of low-income families. For a large fraction of Americans, their jobs do not provide health insurance or other benefits, and although government programs are available for children, adults without private health care coverage have few options.

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  • A silent killer maneuvers just below the surface of almost all the health issues that will lead to death and disease in the 21st century. The U.S. population faces well-recognized health risks, including chronic diseases, environmental degradation, and natural and manmade disasters, but the silent killer is less diagnosed and remains essentially untreated. The silent killer is low health literacy: the reality that almost half of adults in the United States, over 90 million people, struggle to find, understand, and correctly use health information....

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  • The physical, social and intellectual development of children from conception to the end of adolescence requires an environment that is both protected and protective of their health. A growing number of dis- eases in children are linked to unsafe environments. Prenatal and early life exposures, including diet, are associated with child health and human development and predispose to late adult effects. Thus, the INMA project is based on three main rationales. First, exposure to environmental pollutants through air, water and food is worldwide.

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  • A growing empirical literature examines the relationship between family income and child health. An article by Case, Lubotsky and Paxson (2002) (CLP) shows that, in the United States, the socioeconomic gradient in adult health has its origins in childhood. Using data from 1986 to 1994, they find that poor children are reported by their parents to be in worse health than wealthy children, and this gradient becomes larger as children grow older. These results suggest that the relationship between income and health that is observed in adulthood has its roots in childhood.

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  • The health care worker should explain that anyone can get TB. TB spreads when an infected person coughs or sneezes, spraying TB germs into the air. Others may breathe in these germs and become infected. Patients must also understand the importance of making sure all family members exposed to the disease (contacts) who have symptoms of TB go to the closest health care facility for screening of TB. In particular, children under age 5 should be screened, because they are at risk of developing severe forms of the disease. ...

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