Service Oriented Architecture is an
Application Architecture that is designed to
achieve loose coupling among interacting
software applications. SOA provides greater
flexibility in developing, integrating, and
managing Enterprise Applications.Grid research, rooted in distributed and high performance computing, started in midto- late 1990s when scientists around the world acknowledged the need to establish an infrastructure to support their collaborative research on compute and data...
Grid research, rooted in distributed and high performance computing, started in midto-
late 1990s when scientists around the world acknowledged the need to establish an
infrastructure to support their collaborative research on compute and data intensive
experiments. Soon afterwards, national and international research and development
authorities realized the importance of the Grid and gave it a primary position on their
research and development agenda.
During the last decades we have been experiencing the historic evolution of Information
and Communication Technology’s integration into our society to the point that
many times people use it transparently. As we become able to do more and more with
our advanced technologies, and as we hide them and their complexities completely
from their users, we will have accomplished the envisioned “magic” desideratum that
any advanced technology must fulfi ll in Arthur Clarke’s vision.
Due to their good mechanical characteristics in terms of stiffness and strength coupled with mass-saving advantage and other attractive physico-chemical properties, composite materials are successfully used in medicine and nanotechnology fields. To this end, the chapters composing the book have been divided into the following sections: medicine, dental and pharmaceutical applications; nanocomposites for energy efficiency; characterization and fabrication, all of which provide an invaluable overview of this fascinating subject area. ...
The MATLAB BVP solver of bvp4c is introduced as a Residual control based, adaptive mesh
solver. An adaptive mesh solver is an alternative approach to that of a uniform mesh, which
would specify a uniform grid of data points xi over the interval [xi, xi+1] and solve
accordingly. The adaptive solver will adjust the mesh points at each stage in the iterative
procedure, distributing them to points where they are most needed. This can lead to obvious
advantages in terms of computational and storage costs as well as allowing control over the
The aim of CoreGRID is to strengthen and advance scientific and technological excellence in the area of Grid and Peer-to-Peer technologies in order to overcome the current fragmentation and duplication of effort in this area. To achieve this objective, the workshop brought together a critical mass of well-established researchers from a number of institutions which have all constructed an ambitious joint program of activities.
Grid Networks describes the convergence of advanced networking technologies and Grid technologies, with special focus on their symbiotic relationship and the resulting new opportunities. Grid technology is applicable to many implementations, Computational Grids, Data Grids, Service Grids, and Instrumentation Grids.
The authors cover a breadth of topics including recent research, featuring both theoretical concepts and empirical results. Beginning with an overview of Grid technologies, an analysis of distinguishing use cases and architectural attributes, and emerging standards.
Every artist who aspires to include people in his or her
drawings needs to become proficient in drawing the various
components of human anatomy. In this project you explore the
basic shapes of a leg and foot and then add graduated shading
with hatching and crosshatching to illustrate the three
Skills incorporated into this lesson include: identifying
accurate proportions, drawing with contour lines, planning
shading strategies, adding graduated values with hatching and
crosshatching, and applying foreshortening as a component of
In this lesson you draw a frontal view of a small
child, with emphasis on correct facial proportions.
You use both crosshatching and hatching to define
textures and forms, and utilize a challenging grid to
help you render the accurate proportions of the
various parts of her head and face.
In this project, you first establish accurate proportions and outline the various shapes and forms
of an adorable young owl named Hooter; you then use graduated hatching techniques to
characterize the various textures and define the forms.
This project is divided into the following two sections:
Photovoltaics have started replacing fossil fuels as major energy generation roadmaps, targeting higher efficiencies and/or lower costs are aggressively pursued to bring PV to cost parity with grid electricity. Third generation PV technologies may overcome the fundamental limitations of photon to electron conversion in single-junction devices and, thus, improve both their efficiency and cost. This book presents notable advances in these technologies, namely organic cells and nanostructures, dye-sensitized cells and multijunction III/V cells. ...
The term ‘the Grid’ was coined in the mid-1990s to denote a proposed distributed computing infrastructure for advanced science and engineering . Considerable progress has since been made on the construction of such an infrastructure (e.g., [2–5]), but the term ‘Grid’ has also been conﬂated, at least in
In this very heavily illustrated project, you
focus on capturing Spot’s striped pattern and
the textures of her eyes, nose, ears, mane,
and fur while rendering the basic exterior
forms and shapes which characterize simple
bone and muscular structures.
Suggested drawing supplies include good quality
white drawing paper, graphite pencils, kneaded
and vinyl erasers, and a pencil sharpener.
A basic knowledge of the physical aging processes allows you to accurately draw people of
various ages. The age regression and progression techniques, discussed in this heavily illustrated
article, can be invaluable for accurately portraying or modifying the ages of portrait subjects.
This article is divided into the following four major sections: FROM NEWBORN TO TODDLER: During the first two years of life, a human face
changes more drastically than at any other stage of development.
You add shading in layers by working from light to dark, while rendering a highly detailed
human eye with a combination of three graduated shading techniques - hatching, crosshatching,
Eyes are the most expressive facial feature. The shapes and sizes of people’s eyes can help
identify their gender, age, and cultural origin. In a portrait, the eyes alone can often identify who
the person is. The eye in this project belongs to a beautiful young lady named Melissa, who is the
daughter of my friend Crystal Basta....
The detailed drawing of a bee in this project provides artists with an opportunity to enhance
various skills, such as drawing several different textures. Several tidbits of information about
bees are offered in sections titled “Bee Informed”.
Suggested drawing supplies include good quality white drawing paper, graphite pencils, kneaded
and vinyl erasers, and a pencil sharpener. This project is recommended for fine art educators and
artists from age 12 to adult with good drawing skills.
This project is divided into the following three sections:...
In this project, you draw a lovable Dalmatian with
realistic eyes and a shiny textured nose, with
emphasis on the forms of her fur and individual
features, as defined by a dominant light source.
Curriculum is designed to enhance skills with: drawing a detailed outline within a complex grid;
identifying accurate proportions; planning shading strategies; rendering the forms of a dog’s
cranial and facial anatomy; and shading graduated values with crosshatching and hatching
In this lesson, you first choose one of three
compositional options, then outline the proportions
and shapes, and finally use graduated hatching to
define the three dimensional forms, textures, and
patterns of an adorable young giraffe named Dandy.
While the understructures of the anatomy of a giraffe
are very complex, this project focuses on only the
exterior forms and shapes which characterize the
primary bone and muscular structures.
Meet Isaac – a Jack Russell Terrier and proud
owner of my friend Rob! In this project, you
first set up Isaac’s facial proportions and
render a contour drawing. Then, you add
texture to his fuzzy face with hatching, and
shading to his nose with squirkling.
This project is divided into the following six sections:
SKETCHING PROPER PROPORTIONS: With a simple grid as a helpful guideline, you
draw the various components of Isaac’s face, ears, and neck.