Services should be made accessible to disadvantaged women and maintain high levels
of confidentiality and respect. Based on conditions of the country, specific region, or
population being targeted innovative approaches to screening through self-sampling,
service delivery through mobile clinics, or a combination of the two may be tested and
utilized if proven effective.
The overall theme was to identify obstacles standing between men and their participation in
reproductive health and to examine strategies for overcoming these obstacles. Another cen-
tral theme was to encourage men’s participation in reproductive health by building on men’s
decision-making traditions in French-speaking African countries.
In addition to reducing the risks and costs associated with multiple births,
insurance coverage for infertility would provide oversight and quality
controls. Payers, both public and private, generally set eligibility criteria for
who may receive or perform certain procedures. Such criteria could
recommend a limit on the number of embryos transferred in ART. The most
efficient method to accomplish this would be to require adherence to ASRM
guidelines, which are updated periodically.
This campaign would then be expanded upon by celebrity advocacy. Roberts had
seen the power of celebrities – from musicians to actors – in her corporate work. They
had the ability to generate passion amongst their followers, generate buzz in the media
and attract donors. She believed she could work with diverse celebrities across the
celebrity structure and harness this incredibly powerful marketing tool to promote
YouthAIDS to a broad audience.
The NLSS was followed by the Nepal Labor Force Survey (NLFS), the first of its kind carried out by
the CBS during 1998/99 with technical support from the International Labor Organization (ILO)
through funding made available by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), providing
comprehensive information on employment statistics.
In January 2000 the Household Consumption Survey of Rural Nepal (HCSRN) was planned and
launched, utilizing government resources and internal technical capability.
Clear the Air is a joint project of three leading air quality groups: the Clean Air Task Force, National
Environmental Trust and U.S. PIRG Education Fund. The Clean Air Task Force is a non-profit
organization dedicated to restoring clean air and healthy environments through scientific research, public
education and legal advocacy. The National Environmental Trust was established in 1994 as a non-profit,
non-partisan organization dedicated to applying modern communications and public education techniques
to environmental education and advocacy. The U.S.
This upcoming two year masters program aims to
promote health systems and public health research
and implementing solutions in institutional and
fi eld settings. It will prepare health professionals to
work in socially, culturally and economically diverse
populations by being attentive to needs of vulnerable
and disadvantaged groups. It will work towards
imparting qualities of leadership among public health
professionals and eff ectively use communication skills
for health advocacy.
Various health, education, and youth organisations and adolescence researchers have
defined and categorised key skills in different ways. Despite these differences, experts
and practitioners agree that the term “life skills” typically includes the skills listed in the
preceding definition. To these we have added advocacy skills, because they are important
in personal and collective efforts to make a strong case for behaviours and conditions that
are conducive to health. (For a case study on advocacy skills, see Section 2.2).
The purpose of advocacy, communication, and community mobilization is to empower
individuals to make informed decisions on programme design and service utilization. It is
essential to engage community and professional groups to ensure community participation
and acceptance. Informing target audiences regarding key messages on cervical cancer
prevention should be done well in advance of programme introduction. United Nations
organizations and other technical experts should increase advocacy efforts and awareness to
reach country level staff and partners....
Fertility decline of high-risk groups and use of safe menstrual regulation
(MR) provided by the government undoubtedly also contribute to the
reduced MMR. Many women in Bangladesh now enjoy access to
menstrual regulation (MR) services to avoid unwanted pregnancies.
Though studies on MR have found it to be generally safe, it raised
concerns regarding the technical training and skills of the service
providers. Approximately 71,800 women are hospitalized each year due
to complications from unsafe procedure.
On World Pneumonia Day, advocates came together to encourage donors, policymakers, health
care professionals and the general public to increase efforts to fight pneumonia. From rallies in
the street and house-to-house outreach to media events and panel discussions with political
leaders, the 2011 effort engaged new audiences and worked to ensure that child pneumonia was
a priority issue in communities around the world.
Advocacy in India Centers on Raising Awareness
A fifth of India’s deaths in children under age five were due to pneumonia in 2008.
The Advocacy and Resources Corporation is a not-for-profit corporation that
has a services division, the ARC, and a manufacturing division, ARC-diversified.
ARC-diversified produces a dry baking mix, dry milk, and cooking oil that is
mostly bought by the government to fill military contracts. This is a multi-million
dollar operation. Eighty percent of the facility’s employees have a disability.
The ARC’s goal is to help those in the community that society fails to.
Communities can play a lead role in assessing and reducing community-level advertising and
marketing of unhealthy foods. Important lessons regarding community-based research and
advocacy to address marketing of unhealthy products can be borrowed from the alcohol and
tobacco control movements. Community-based efforts to decrease excessive advertising and
availability of alcohol and tobacco products, particularly in low-income communities, provide a
useful case study in how communities can influence marketing practices. ...
The Portfolio Review found that social funds projects that respond to
emergency situations through the rapid creation of employment oppor-
tunities are likely to achieve their objectives. The design of such social
funds projects reflects their emergency nature well. The Portfolio Re-
view did not, therefore, dwell on this cohort of social funds projects.
Both international and national agencies have invested in women's programs for almost a
decade, and several offer sound field-based experience and have qualified female staff, who
worked illegally under burqas and with mahrams throughout the years of women's exclusion
from all public life. Such women today represent a new category of working women, many
of whom have the important experience of working effectively in rural areas.
The committee is grateful for the contribution of participants at its three public meetings. The
presentations and discussions at these meeting were valuable in informing the committee about relevant
research findings, issues of interest in the research community, the perspectives of advocacy
organizations, and the concerns of individuals with breast cancer and their families. The agendas for these
meetings appear in Appendix A.
How can the obstacles to men’s participation be overcome? How can policy-makers and
program managers encourage men’s participation? Most people who have studied the sub-
ject agree that the two major avenues to increasing men’s participation are communication
This book is about the promises and failures of community mental health. It is also about
hope and recovery. During the past 50 years, the treatment of persons with serious mental
illness has undergone a radical transformation. Significant advances in research and the
influence of a growing consumer advocacy movement are forcefully shaping a brave new
world in community mental health. At the same time, tremendous suffering persists for
those afflicted by serious mental illness.
The reason behind this marketing
interest is twofold. First, marketers recognize
the increasing importance of the Internet and
of consumers that are active in online
communities. Almquist and Roberts (2000, p.
18) found that the major factor influencing
positive brand equity for one brand over
another is consumer advocacy. Online
communities are places in which consumers
often partake in discussions whose goals
include attempts to inform and influence
fellow consumers about products and brands
(Kozinets 1999, Muniz and O’Guinn 2001).
In Africa music is a powerful mode of communication, transcending national borders, cul -
tures, and languages. Men’s attention can be attracted by using an entertainment format—
the “enter-educate” approach—which has proved effective in many countries. The term
Enter-Educate is a contraction of the words entertainment and education and describes any
communication presentation that delivers a pro-social educational message in an entertain-