- They can be used individually or as a package. They are cross-referenced with
each other for ease of use. Countries may wish to go through each of the modules
systematically or may use a specific module when the emphasis is on a particular area
of mental health. For example, countries wishing to address mental health legislation
may find the module entitled Mental Health Legislation and Human Rights useful for
- They can be used as a training package for mental health policy-makers, planners
and others involved in organizing, delivering and funding mental health services.
An entrepreneur is one who manages, organizes, and assumes the risk of a business. The
entrepreneur starts a business because of a plan or idea that he or she believes will work.
The Small Business Administration (SBA) Office of Advocacy defines a small business
as one that is independently owned, is locally operated, is not dominant in its field of operation,
grosses less than $3 million annually, and has fewer than 500 employees.
This book has been in the making since 2002, when the Ford
Foundation generously gave a grant to the International Center for
Research on Women (ICRW) for a project to explore the linkages
between trade liberalization, women’s employment, and reproductive
health and rights at the macro- and micro-levels.
While important progress on the MDGs has been made, it has been uneven between and within countries. Gender
disparities remain manifested in many sectors with progress differing by region and country. The growing number and
diversity of actors, approaches and flows in development cooperation in recent years have also significantly impacted
progress on the MDGs and other IADGs.
The committee is grateful for the contribution of participants at its three public meetings. The
presentations and discussions at these meeting were valuable in informing the committee about relevant
research findings, issues of interest in the research community, the perspectives of advocacy
organizations, and the concerns of individuals with breast cancer and their families. The agendas for these
meetings appear in Appendix A.
the nonprofit health advocacy organization that publishes the world’s largest-circulation nutrition newsletter, Nutrition Action Healthletter. CSPI advocates nutritious and safe diets and campaigns for policies to protect the public health and environment.
The appeal of alcohol to underage youth can also be limited by reducing youth exposure to
alcohol advertising and marketing. The Federal Trade Commission has issued a series of
reports on the topic and has encouraged voluntary action on the part of the alcohol indus-
try.1, 12, 13 In response, alcohol marketers have made some limited reforms in their volun-
tary codes. However, these revisions fall far short of recommendations from the National
Academy of Sciences,14 state attorneys general,
15, 16 and other scientific and advocacy organ-
The NLSS was followed by the Nepal Labor Force Survey (NLFS), the first of its kind carried out by
the CBS during 1998/99 with technical support from the International Labor Organization (ILO)
through funding made available by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), providing
comprehensive information on employment statistics.
In January 2000 the Household Consumption Survey of Rural Nepal (HCSRN) was planned and
launched, utilizing government resources and internal technical capability.
Consider the implications of those final sentences: students who take courses
on media, who learn about the human rights to free speech and free press, and who
actively participate in student media organizations are more likely than their peers to
believe that people who hold unpopular opinions have a right to express them –and
that others have a right to hear them.
Rational Choice Theory is one of the few general theories of how individuals, groups, organizations and social structures behave - its impact on sociological theorizing has been enormous.
In this volume, advocates and critics present their views of the values and limitations of rational choice theory. Whether supporter or sceptic, sociologists and other social scientists will find themselves immersed in a creative discussion of the merits and difficulties of the model and its applicability to both macro and micro level social issues....
New financing strategies can go only so far if existing constraints are not ad-
dressed. System transformation will require a major reorganization of the cat’s-
cradle of federal funding streams: Title IV (ChildWelfare); Title V (Maternal and
Child Health); Title XIX (Medicaid); Title XXI (the State Children’s Health Insur-
Behind, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), and other pro-
grams that are allocated from the Department of Education. This will not be an
For instance, critical thinking and decision-making skills are important for analysing and
resisting peer and media influences to use tobacco; interpersonal communication skills
are needed to negotiate alternatives to risky sexual behaviour.
There are many ways to improve the lives of people with mental disorders. One important way
is through policies, plans and programmes that lead to better services. To implement such
policies and plans, one needs good legislation–that is, laws that place the policies and plans in
the context of internationally accepted human rights standards and good practices. This
Resource Book aims to assist countries in drafting, adopting and implementing such legislation.
Mental health advocacy is a relatively new concept, developed with a view to reducing stigma and discrimination, and promoting the human rights of people with mental disorders. It consists of various actions aimed at changing the major structural and attitudinal barriers to achieving positive mental health outcomes in populations. This module draws attention to the importance of advocacy in mental health policy and service development. The roles of various mental health groups in advocacy are outlined.
The international Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety deals primarily with the agricultural definition but many advocacy groups seek to expand it to include post-genetic threats: new molecules, artificial life forms, and even robots which may compete directly in the natural food chain.Biosafety in agriculture, chemistry, medicine, exobiology and beyond will likely require application of the precautionary principle, and a new definition focused on the biological nature of the threatened organism rather than the nature of the threat.
On many levels, YouthAIDS revealed the power of celebrity advocates in promoting
awareness and raising funds for a cause. Celebrity advocates were able to raise funds
through conventional and unconventional means for the organization. For example,
actress Debra Messing’s field visit to Zimbabwe raised awareness for PSI’s work in that
country and provided the additional advocacy needed to raise millions of dollars of
additional funding from USAID so many more kids could be saved.
The United Kingdom Medicines Control Agency subsequently stopped this initiative citing it as unlawful promotion. However Herxheimer (2003) points out that in the absence of adequate independent funding patients organisations and lobbying groups are likely to continue to accept funding from pharmaceutical companies despite the clear ethical issues. He gives as examples the International Alliance of Patient Organisations and the Global Alliance of Mental Health Illness Advocacy which are both highly visible and linked financially to Big Pharma.
Sound macroeconomic policy, responsive governance, a favorable business climate, and the
openness and accountability of institutions also affect outcomes for women (and men), but they
mostly operate beyond the influence of this Action Plan. Even so, the Plan can address some
aspects of the enabling environment for working women—such as the ability of women’s
organizations to reach a scale and sophistication where they are capable of articulating and
advocating policies to promote women’s economic empowerment.
Clear the Air is a joint project of three leading air quality groups: the Clean Air Task Force, National
Environmental Trust and U.S. PIRG Education Fund. The Clean Air Task Force is a non-profit
organization dedicated to restoring clean air and healthy environments through scientific research, public
education and legal advocacy. The National Environmental Trust was established in 1994 as a non-profit,
non-partisan organization dedicated to applying modern communications and public education techniques
to environmental education and advocacy. The U.S.
increased rates of obesity have become a public health concern
because obesity is associated with chronic disease and
adverse health outcomes (Institute of Medicine 2005). Furthermore,
because obesity is now a characteristic of populations
and not only of individuals, researchers, government
health organizations, and advocacy groups characterize
obesity as an epidemic (Institute of Medicine 2005, 2006a;
World Health Organization 2003).