Xem 1-20 trên 52 kết quả African economic
  • This briefing paper was commissioned by Ericsson (global provider of telecommunications equipment and related services) and Zain (mobile operator active in seven Middle Eastern and fifteen sub-Saharan African countries) in order to describe the social and economic impact that mobile communication is having in Sudan. The paper aims to give a concise overview of the key economic and social effects of mobile telephony in Sudan and the social and economic development case for continued investment in telecommunications infrastructure by foreign companies.

    pdf46p socolanong 19-04-2012 36 6   Download

  • Mathematics and science are key areas of knowledge for the development of individuals and for the social and economic development of South Africa. In November 2002, about 9000 Grade 8 learners from South African public schools participated in the Trends in International Mathematics...

    pdf0p chieckhanpieu 20-03-2013 17 4   Download

  • nnovation is widely acknowledged as being key to economic growth and progress, particularly as innovation by business enterprises is vital in ensuring their future success and competitiveness in an increasingly competitive global market. With this in mind, the Centre for Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators (CeSTII) was commissioned by the Department of Science and Technology (DST) to undertake a national innovation survey based on international best practice.

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  • This publication will assist researchers, students and the public in their understanding of socio-economic rights. The book considers whether the rights listed in the Bill of Rights have been given effect to and gives an understanding of the processes followed by the South African Human Rights Commission (SAHRC) in monitoring such rights.

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  • A country’s attitudinal profile is as much a part of its social reality as are its demographic make-up, its culture and its distinctive social patterns. It helps to provide a nuanced picture of a country’s circumstances, its continuities and changes, its democratic health, and how it feels to live there. It also helps to measure the country’s progress towards the achievement of its economic, social and political goals, based on the measurement of both ‘objective’ and ‘subjective’ realities....

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  • The EU’s common purpose was principally economic and le- gal, but despite its economic strength, the EU is weak both as a political and as a military entity. People in the European Union take for granted personal, economic and social liber- ties, such as the freedom of movement. Attaining this level of individual liberty has been an incredible achievement. But very few EU citizens feel any responsibility to defend these liberties by military force, should the need arise.

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  • Locating the South African challenges within a broader international perspective, this study covers all the major economic growth challanges from employment, industrial policy, urban governance, and the informal economy to the social challenges of poverty, inequality, HIV/AIDS, and health policy.

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  • Requests for permission to photocopy portions of this material for public or commercial use shall be addressed directly to the Copyright Clearance Center (CCC) at info@copyright.com or the Centre français d’exploitation du droit de copie (CFC) contact@cfcopies.com.

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  • In this chapter, the following content will be discussed: Give a brief overview of different views of the role of government in the economy, list key issues confronting Southern African governments regarding their role in the economy, distinguish between the main institutional categories of the public sector, discuss the salient features of and trends in the size and composition of the South African public sector, discuss various aspects of the relationship between the public sector and the rest of the economy.

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  • The role of interest rate in the determination of investment and, hence economic growth, has been a matter of controversy over a long period of time. Yet, what constitutes an appropriate interest rate policy still remains to be a puzzling question. Until the early 1970s, the main line of argument was that because the interest rate represents the cost of capital, low interest rates will encourage the acquisition of physical capital (investment) and promotes economic growth. Thus, during that era, the policy of low real interest rate was adopted by ...

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  • Ten years ago when I wrote the foreword to the first edition of this book, the concept of women’s health was changing at a rapid pace. The focus was just shifting from solely reproductive issues and biological factors, to an expanded perception that women’s health encompasses biological, familial, cultural, economic, emotional, psychological, and behavioral elements of each woman and her sociopolitical environment, beyond just the reproductive organs and across her entire lifespan.

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  • A large majority of the Wisconsin household population is non-Hispanic white (86%), according to estimates from the 2008 Family Health Survey. Six percent of the population is non-Hispanic black or African American, and 5 percent is Hispanic or Latino. One percent of the population is non- Hispanic American Indian, 1 percent is non-Hispanic Asian, less than 0.5 percent is non-Hispanic other, and 1 percent is composed of non-Hispanic members of two or more racial groups (Figure 9).

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  • In  the  past,  environmental  goods  and  services were  seen  as  having  limited  economic  importance.  Now, environmental issues and activities pervade every aspect of our economic life and performance  and  are  subject  to  challenging  national  and  international  targets,  strict  monitoring  regimes  and  ongoing  discussion  and  debate  in  the  media.  As  understanding  of  environmental  challenges  has  grown, so too has appreciation of the size of the market and the associated business opportunities.

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  • The diversification of economic activity and labour market development have both been identified as possible strategies to reduce the vulnerability of the poor and enable the ascent out of poverty. Whether such policies are necessarily empow-ering for women has been much debated but less well documented. In this book we adopt a comparative case study approach using original survey material for three African countries and a state in India to investigate these links

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  • Development planning is a contested terrain, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. Historically, the approach to African development has been externally oriented. For the past four decades, the subcontinent has been negotiating its development with external partners. More often than not, this has meant that the process, instruments and outcomes of development have been determined by external partners, rather than by African societies and their leaders.

    pdf209p conrepcon 12-04-2012 22 6   Download

  • What Others are Saying about African American Core Values: A Guide for Everyone "In what has obviously been a labor of love, Richard Rosenfield compiles a useful compendium of folk wisdom which, while coming out of the African American community, is of profound relevance to all Americans. Reaching across the generations and spanning the range from academic to popular discourses, Rosenfield reproduces here one nugget of insight after the other. All of our young people need to read and reflect upon this invaluable book." --GLENN C. LOURY, Merton P.

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  • The future potential demand for organic products in the Transkei and the Ciskei is also shown in Figure 4. The trend in Figure 4 showed that the four products with the highest potential demand in the Transkei and the Ciskei in order of priority are Fresh vegetables; fresh fruits; milk and milk products; and meat and meat products. Generally the trend in Figure 4 shows that there are marked increases in the future demand of all organic products. This augurs well for the growth of the organic industry in the Eastern Cape and...

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  • The second industry effect analyzed in our paper takes account of the fact that the human capital of an independent executive can be proxied by the performance of the company where the non-executive director is employed as an executive director. One particular issue with relating director quality to firm performance is that the latter may be influenced by a variety of factors beyond managerial control, such as an overall economic downturn or industry shock. Firm performance is therefore a very noisy measure of director quality. ...

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  • Protected areas are considered essential for biodiversity conservation and the main hope we have of halting the extinction of many threatened or endangered species. Since protected areas can also be a significant source of financial benefits their management is complicated and dependent on many external factors. It has been demonstrated that careful economic and social development are preconditions for successful protected area management.

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  • The tuberculosis (TB) epidemic is historically anchored in South Africa’s Western Cape province, and long precedes the HIV epidemic. This is despite the generally better socio-economic status of the population and greater overall healthcare expenditure in this region than in other provinces. Contributing factors include overcrowding, alcohol abuse, poverty, and administrative neglect of the National TB Programme (NTP).1 This traditional ‘Cape’ epidemic is now being significantly augmented by an HIVassociated TB epidemic.

    pdf6p taisaocothedung 12-01-2013 14 2   Download

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