Aggregation balances

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  • The present text introduces the use of population balances in the context of batch wet granulation and coating systems and it reviews the latest achievements and proposals in the scientific literature in this field. The nature and framework of population balance theory are highlighted and one-dimensional population balances are introduced from scratch. This may seems tedious at first but the derivation of even the simplest population balances is nevertheless not an easy task, and it is in fact difficult to find complete derivations elsewhere in literature.

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  • To shift the focus to inflation, we need to look at changes in the price level. Suppose that inflation exceeds money growth (with velocity held constant). Real money balances will fall and so will aggregate demand.Because real money balances fall at higher levels of inflation, resulting in a lower level of aggregate demand, the aggregate demand curve is downward sloping. Changes in the interest rate also provide a mechanism for aggregate demand to slope down.

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  • This book was written to complete the curriculum requirement of the Master’s of Macroeconomics degree. Macroeconomics is a very practical subject and can be very useful for policy making. Domestic and international economies are subjected to variations in savings, income, exchange rates, as well as interest rates and the balance of payments. This book attempts to explain the domestic and international factors responsible for creating the equilibrium of the balance of payments, interest rates and inflation....

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  • The 2005 Government Finance Statistics Yearbook (GFS Yearbook), contains detailed data on revenue, expense, transactions in assets and liabilities, and stocks of assets and liabilities for the general government sector and its subsectors. The data and related information are presented in world, country, and institutional tables for 130 reporting countries presented in the framework of the Government Finance Statistics Manual 2001 (GFSM 2001).

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  • The balance sheet perspective gives new insights into the nature of fi nancial contagion in the modern, market-based fi nancial system. Aggregate liquidity can be understood as the rate of growth of aggregate balance sheets. When fi nancial intermediaries’ balance sheets are generally strong, their leverage is too low. The fi nancial intermediaries hold surplus capital, and they will attempt to fi nd ways in which they can employ their surplus capital. In a loose analogy with manufacturing fi rms, we may see the fi nancial system as having “surplus capacity”.

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  • This paper examines how corporate financial structure shapes the impact of a financial crisis on the real sector by way of its effects on flows of funds and on corporate real expenditures. It is one of the first papers to utilize extensive cross-country flow and balance sheet data and also to examine subcomponents of GDP in the wake of banking and currency crises rather than focusing exclusively on aggregate GDP.

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  • Harrison's Internal Medicine Chapter 59. Bleeding and Thrombosis Bleeding and Thrombosis: Introduction The human hemostatic system provides a natural balance between procoagulant and anticoagulant forces. The procoagulant forces include platelet adhesion and aggregation and fibrin clot formation; anticoagulant forces include the natural inhibitors of coagulation and fibrinolysis. Under normal circumstances, hemostasis is regulated to promote blood flow; however, it is also prepared to clot blood rapidly to arrest blood flow and prevent exsanguination.

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  • In the years leading up to the current financial crisis, risks built up dangerously in our financial system. Rising asset prices, particularly in housing, concealed a sharp deterioration of underwriting standards for loans. The nation’s largest financial firms, already highly leveraged, became increasingly dependent on unstable sources of short- term funding. In many cases, weaknesses in firms’ risk-management systems left them unaware of the aggregate risk exposures on and off their balance sheets. A credit boom accompanied a housing bubble.

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  • The current financial crisis occurred after a long and remarkable period of growth and innovation in our financial markets. New financial instruments allowed credit risks to be spread widely, enabling investors to diversify their portfolios in new ways and enabling banks to shed exposures that had once stayed on their balance sheets. Through securitization, mortgages and other loans could be aggregated with similar loans and sold in tranches to a large and diverse pool of new investors with different risk preferences.

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  • The purpose of environmental-economic accounting is to supplement the conventional national accounts (UN SNA 2008) with tables which inform policymakers of environmental and natural resource availability, use, depletion and degradation.

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  • Na+-Montmorillonite (Na+-MMT) minerals were organically modified by adding different amounts of surfactant octadecylamine corresponding to the cation exchange capacity (CEC) of the pristine montmorillonites. The characteristic of the organo-MMT were obtained by X-ray diffraction, FT-IR spectroscopy. The amount of added surfactant has direct effect on the interlayer separation and the organophicility-hydrophicility balance of MMT. An optimal surfactant/CEC ratio about 1.0 leads to two distinct distance of 15.5 Å and 32.

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  • The human hemostatic system provides a natural balance between procoagulant and anticoagulant forces. The procoagulant forces include platelet adhesion and aggregation and fibrin clot formation; anticoagulant forces include the natural inhibitors of coagulation and fibrinolysis. Under normal circumstances, hemostasis is regulated to promote blood flow; however, it is also prepared to clot blood rapidly to arrest blood flow and prevent exsanguination. After bleeding is successfully halted, the system remodels the damaged vessel to restore normal blood flow. ...

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  • Increased financing from other banks and bond market investors largely compensated for the cuts made by European banks in the final quarter of 2011. As a result, the overall volume of new syndicated and large bilateral loans was essentially the same as in the third quarter. In trade finance, for example, a strong balance of Asia-based lenders reported increased demand (Graph 6, right-hand panel) and these and other non-European lenders ensured that financing of trade did not fall overall.

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  • In what follows, we draw on these techniques to model contagion stemming from unexpected shocks in complex nancial networks with arbitrary structure, and then use numerical simulations to illustrate and clarify the intuition underpinning our analytical results. Our framework explicitly accounts for the nature and scale of aggregate and idiosyncratic shocks and allows asset prices to interact with balance sheets.

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  • During the Depression, Sloan (1936) conducted a detailed study of 135 leading industrial corporations. The companies in the study had complete financial histories over the 1922—1933 period and, in the authors’ opinion, were representative of large companies in business during this period. The study provides detailed income accounts and balance sheets for the aggregate and specific details for major industries and major corporations.

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  • Chapter 11 - Classical and Keynesian economics. This chapter include objectives: Say’s law; classical equilibrium; real balance, interest rate, and foreign exchange effects; aggregate demand; aggregate supply in the long run and short run.

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