Systematizing the theoretical issues of sustainable development in general and sustainable development of agriculture in particular, the thesis analyzes, assesses the current agricultural development status of the Northern mountainous midland provinces in a sustainable way in the past years and proposes recommendations to promote the rapid development of sustainable agriculture from now until 2020.
By 2050, Chinese and global agriculture are expected to enter a new
era of development. Global population increase and economic development,
particularly in developing countries, will lead to greater human demand for food
and fiber. The demand for multifunctional agriculture will also increase as the
worsening global energy crisis induces the rise of the biomass energy industry.
Demand growth, diversification and market expansion provide unlimited
reverie for the future development of agriculture.
Rapid economic growth is the only sustainable foundation for the elimination of poverty. However, only strategies that include agricultural development can establish strong links between overall growth and reduction in poverty. Most strategies that seek rapid industrialization at the expense of agriculture, even if the intent is to alleviate poverty, actually slow down economic growth and increase levels of poverty. In a country with many impoverished people, policymaker must address both growth and poverty through an.......
Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Development has been created from the merger of Agricultural Development Council (A/D/C), International Agricultural Development Service (lADS) and Winrock International Livestock Researclk and Training Center (WILRTC).
Suggested citation: Gordon R. CONWAY, Agroecosystem Analysis for Research and Development. Bangkok: Winrock International, 1986.
The publication and distribution of the Papers On Survey Research Methodology have been r.
It has become a habit that following completion of a research programme, a review
or assessment is performed. Partly to justify the money and efforts that went into the
programme and partly to identify novel directions for new programmes. Following
this tradition, the sponsor of the International Cooperation research programme
(DLO-IC), the Dutch Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality (LNV),
asked a small group of scientists to draw lessons from its recently completed North-
Over the last twenty years the proportion of development cooperation resources
earmarked for agricultural development has dwindled to between 6 and 7 per cent of
total bi- and multilateral Official Development Assistance. This is despite the fact
that 80 per cent of the world’s poor live in rural agricultural areas, and that the poor
are disproportionately affected when political, military and natural events lead to
regional or global food shortages.
Through research on the agricultural economy of Hai Duong province colonial period (1883 - 1945), the thesis contributes a specific perspective, more comprehensive agricultural economy of the colonial period in North Delta. Based on that assessment in an objective, science on the effects of French colonial policy to the agricultural economy of Hai Duong and draw lessons for the work of construction, agricultural development, rural innovation and improve people's lives and contribute to successful implementation of the innovation of the Party and State.
Food availability, access, stability and utilization are all part of the multi-dimensional nature of food security. The “availability” aspect, discussed here, refers to the availability of sufficient quantities of food of appropriate quality, supplied through domestic production or inputs.
Productivity is usually considered the ultimate benchmark when comparing the performance of agricultural systems. For example, those involved in agricultural research and development want to know how much yield would be reduced if conventional agriculture were converted to organic agriculture.
Agricultural biotechnology offers great promise for Africa and tissue culture and marker-assisted selection are already in widespread use across the continent. However, the safe application of these technologies requires functioning biosafety systems. The report focuses on the special issues related to biosafety in Africa.Crops can be improved by conventional breeding, by tissue culture and by marker-aided selection. But for many improvements - such as drought and salinity tolerance - GM technology is going to be essential.
describe environmentally conscious design technique in the field on buildings and
architecture: how to minimize the negative environmental impact of buildings by
enhancing the energy efficiency, water efficiency, use sustainable (renewable or
recyclables) materials of construction. Section 4 is a collection of articles related to
sustainable agriculture and food security: systems of food production that provide
secure supply to meet the world growing population.
Access to safe drinking water and sanitation is a basic necessity. However, such access is highly
variable around the world and in particular in Africa, Asia and South America. Much progress still
remains to be made in infrastructure improvements and poverty reduction. A recent World Bank
report, for example, noted that more than 100 million people in the Latin American region alone
lack access to potable water and adequate sanitation systems.
Compounding the issue of water availability is contamination of water supplies and the lack of
wastewater treatment facilities.
Meeting the challenge of attaining overall development has for a long time been the
preoccupation of all nations of the world. Because of the multi-faceted and allencompassing
nature of ‘development’, even the most advanced nations of the world
today are battling with many ‘developmental’ challenges. Suffice it to agree with the
notion that development is a process and not a destination.
An outstanding feature of the lower Mekong region is the dynamic energy of
its natural systems and how intimately tied most of the population is to that
seasonal force. Productivity in agriculture and fisheries, for example,
depends on annual floodplain inundation and nutrient dispersal. The
immense scale and impact of this natural cycle is well illustrated in the
annual flooding of Tonle Sap Lake in Cambodia and the Mekong River Delta
which it shares with Vietnam.
Introduction Global food production has grown faster than the world's population over the past forty years. Yet many poor countries and millions of poor people continue to suffer from food insecurity and hunger. USDA’ Economic Research Service (ERS) estimates that a third of the population of s 67 developing countries— roughly 900 million people— currently suffer
Poverty is a severe problem in Africa, Asia, South America and even in pockets of the
developed world. Addressing poverty alleviation via the expanded use of biological
nitrogen fixation in agriculture was the theme of the 15th International Congress on
The essential oil industry is under threat from numerous issues at present. Rising
agricultural input costs, particularly petrochemical based fertilizers and fuels are squeezing
farmers’ profit margins. Rising food prices and the increasing value of housing and industrial
land prices is creating competition for land, particularly around populated areas. Adverse
weather conditions and changing climate are creating both short and long term problems.
Poor crop yields are occurring much more regularly than before because of unusually heavy
rain, hail, floods, heat-waves and cold snaps....
This report is ostensibly about land quality indicators (LQIs). However, anyone who reads it will find a useful compilation of advice, experience and opinion on why land quality information is important for sustainable development and how it can be used more effectively for planning and decision making. But the report also poses as many questions as it answers, which in itself reflects the diversity of viewpoints on indicators.