Agricultural operations

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  • The U.S. food and agricultural sector is undergoing rapid change in production, distribution, and consumption of food and fiber, and in technology. There have been dramatic increases in production and marketing coordination, market contracting, concentration of agricultural output by fewer and fewer operations, and consolidation of agricultural operations. These increases are manifested in significant long- and short-term changes in farm size, number, distribution, and location.

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  • Urban agriculture includes both commercial and non-commercial operations. In California, many agricultural operations fit this broad definition, though the nature of urban and urban edge operations may differ considerably.

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  • This report summaries major achievements of the CARD project entitled “Improvement of operator skills and technology in small rural sawmills in Vietnam”. An extensive survey of the needs of the rural sawmilling industry has identified the current and future prospects for forest industries in Vietnam. It highlights the very significant importance of this industry to the economy of Vietnam and future well being of rural populations.

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  • When the early bands of English invaders came over to take Britain from its Celtic owners, it is almost certain that the soil was held by groups and not by individuals, and as this was the practice of the conquerors also they readily fell in with the system they found. [1] These English, unlike their descendants of to day, were a race of countrymen and farmers and detested the towns, preferring the lands of the Britons to the towns of the Romans. Co-operation in agriculture was necessary because to each household were allotted separate strips of land, nearly equal...

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  • Lesson "Economics of Agricultural - Markets: Ronald Shrimper" The primary purpose of this course is to help students develop analytical tools for thinking about the overall business environment in which they operate in some fashion for the rest of their lives. Even if students do not intend to make their livelihood from the sale of agricultural or food products, they will definitely be spending some of their income in these markets.

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  • This is the second occasion that the Agricultural Outlook report has been prepared jointly by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations. The report draws on the commodity, policy and country expertise of both Organisations in providing a medium term assessment of future prospects in the major world agricultural commodity markets. The report is published annually, as part of a continuing effort to promote informed discussion of emerging market and policy issues....

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  • It then outlines agriculture’s importance to the U.S. economy, assesses the vulnerabilities in the general food industry, examines the capabilities that are needed to exploit those vulnerabilities, and explores the likely outcomes from a successful attack. The report next considers the question of why terrorists have yet to employ agricultural assaults as a method of operation and concludes with proposed recommendations for the U.S. policymaking community.

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  • Concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) are part of a recent agricultural trend toward large-scale, corporate-owned and managed livestock production. A far cry from the traditional family farm, CAFOs have lowered prices and increased production—but at a cost. While some of the problems CAFOs can cause are economic and related to small farm and farming community culture, or societal with a focus of the animal rights activism groups, other problems are ecological and environmental and will only be solved by intelligently crafted and enforced legislation....

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  • Forests are an integral part of global sustainable development. The World Bank estimates more than 1.6 billion people to be dependent on forests for their livelihoods with some 300 million living in them. The forest product industry is a source of economic growth and employment, with global forest products traded internationally is estimated at $327 billion. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) estimates that every year 130,000 km² of the world's forests are lost due to deforestation.

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  • Human progress is characterized by passing through information innovation intelligent society at present. Machines (systems) produced by the genius of man in the near future will not only be smarter than a man, but will also exceed its intelligent mind. Intelligent machines will be of different sizes, shapes and functionality, equipped with an initial program (technogene), and their ability to learn and perform operations will not only depend on the technogene, but also on what the machines will be trained for....

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  • China’s rural financial system has changed dramatically over the last twenty five years, but rural financial reforms were lagging behind changes in the real economy and required further economic transition. As in other countries moving towards a market economy, the reform of banking systems and the creation of efficient financial markets in China continues to be among the most difficult reform issues. Poorly functioning official financial markets push rural population to rely on informal institutions.

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  • An encyclopedia should properly encompass the totality of human knowledge, or at least of some particular sector of it. Not so many years ago it would have been possible to contain all that was known of animal nutrition in a book the size of this, for the science of nutrition is young, but such has been the pace of its growth that that is no longer possible. The nutrition of farm animals is a complex subject, reaching into biochemistry, physiology, pathology, veterinary medicine, animal husbandry and agriculture and even, as evidenced in the following pages, beyond those disciplines.

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  • In the area of agriculture we have eight chapters with different concerns such as conceptual problems related with risk analysis, the interaction between agriculture and the environment, water resources planning, agroforestry sys- tems management, simulation of effects on agriculture of changes in the common agriculture policy, and so on. OR/MS techniques used are basically the following: linear programming, multi-objective fractional programming, goal programming, multi-attribute utility theory and control dynamic optimi- zation. ...

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  • Operations Research/Management Science (OR/MS) approaches have helped people for the last 40 years or so, to understand the complex func- tioning of the systems based upon natural resources, as well as to manage this type of systems in an efficient way. The areas usually viewed within the natural resources field are: agriculture, fisheries, forestry, mining and water resources.

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  • Water used in slaughtering operations are considered one source of infected carcass during slaughter, particularly in the private slaughterhouses. The purpose of this study was to identify some species of microorganisms causing food poisoning from the water samples used in the slaughter ...

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  • Accurate determination of the mobile position constitutes the basis of many new applications. This book provides a detailed account of wireless systems for positioning, signal processing, radio localization techniques (Time Difference Of Arrival), performances evaluation, and localization applications. The first section is dedicated to Satellite systems for positioning like GPS, GNSS. The second section addresses the localization applications using the wireless sensor networks.

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  • Unlike natural disasters, where any disruption to business service provision is likely to be hardware-related, disruption to business operation in the event of a pandemic is anticipated to be mainly human-resource oriented. Individual employers must consider their workforces and their particular circumstances. However, most should plan for up to 50% staff absences for periods of about two weeks at the height of a severe pandemic wave, and lower levels of staff absence for a few weeks either side of the peak. Overall, a pandemic wave may last about 8 weeks.

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  • The authors wish to thank AusAID and the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Vietnam project approval and funding from AusAID. Also like to thank the staff of the Can Tho University, University of Agriculture and Forestry and Agriculture Highland Academy of Sciences has contributed time and labor to operate the project.

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  • Farm mechanization helps in effective utilization of inputs to increase the productivity of land and labour. Besides it helps in reducing the drudgery in farm operations. The early agricultural mechanization in India was greatly influenced by the technological development in England. Irrigation pumps, tillage equipment, chaff cutters, tractors and threshers were gradually introduced for farm mechanization.

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  • Meaning, nature and scope of environmental economics; Environmental concerns- concept of environmental degradation, estimation of economic losses due to environmental degradation and adjustment measures, comparative advantage/disadvantage of alternative technologies on environment and sustainability, environmental policy analysis. Agricultural development and its effect on ecology and environment; Elements of environmental degradation in agriculture-Sub-optimal land use practices like.

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