Agricultural regulations

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  • Agricultural biotechnologies apply modern knowledge in molecular and cell biology to produce new varieties and similar genetic materials. The use of genetically modified (GM) crop varieties has grown dramatically since they were introduced in 1995, and large portions of the land allocated to corn, soybeans, and cotton are grown with these varieties. The evidence from the United States, Canada, China, India, Brazil, and Argentina suggests that these applications of biotechnology in agriculture increase yield, reduce the use of pesticides, and save production costs. ...

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  • "The Arguments of Agriculture is a delightful read for both the specialist and the person just getting to know the increasingly contested terrains of agricultural policy and ideology. The approach is even-banded, insightful, and faithful to diverse claims." - Frederick H. Buttel "Its well-planned format makes the book particularly useful for studying the philosophy, sociology, or economics of agricultural industry, as well as for environmental studies." - ENVIRONMENT

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  • Tham khảo sách 'making the most of agricultural investment: a survey of business models that provide opportunities for smallholders', tài chính - ngân hàng, đầu tư bất động sản phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • 3.5.1 Issue of Rights/Bonus Shares – FEMA provisions allow Indian companies to freely issue Rights/Bonus shares to existing non-resident shareholders, subject to adherence to sectoral cap, if any. However, such issue of bonus / rights shares has to be in accordance with other laws/statutes like the Companies Act, 1956, SEBI (Issue of Capital and Disclosure Requirements) Regulations, 2009 (in case of listed companies), etc.

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  • authorize the regulation of security measures that are not associated with the immediate food-processing environment, such as requiring fences, alarms, and outside lighting. Neither agency believes that it has the authority to regulate all aspects of security at food-processing facilities. Both FDA and USDA issued voluntary security guidelines to help food processors identify measures to prevent or mitigate the risk of deliberate contamination. Because these guidelines are voluntary, neither agency enforces, monitors, or documents their implementation.

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  • The expert interviews served as a complement to the information from the literature review and the questionnaire, about the overview and application of financing mechanisms. In general, the interviews focused on identifying types and examples of innovative financing mechanisms.

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  • The demonstration in the last chapter that the water which falls as rain or snow may be stored in the soil for the use of plants is of first importance in dry-farming, for it makes the farmer independent, in a large measure, of the distribution of the rainfall. The dry-farmer who goes into the summer with a soil well stored with water cares little whether summer rains come or not, for he knows that his crops will mature in spite of external drouth. In fact, as will be shown later, in many dry-farm sections where the summer rains are...

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  • The history, culture and community values of East Africans are embedded in agriculture. It is the most important source of livelihoods for millions of East Africans. The sustainable management of the agriculture production process is therefore crucial if livelihoods are to be sustained. Organic agriculture is a holistic production management system, which promotes and enhances agro- ecosystem health, including bio-diversity, biological cycles and soil biological activity.

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  • Minimum temperatures in winter are very likely to increase more than the mean winter temperature in northern Europe (Hanssen-Bauer et al., 2005), while maximum temperatures in summer are likely to increase more than the mean summer temperature in southern and central Europe (Tebaldi et al., 2006). Concerning precipitation, the annual sum is very likely to increase in northern Europe (Hanssen-Bauer et al., 2005) and decrease in the Mediterranean area.

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  • However, a specific feature of local Thai food markets is the coexistence of different environ- mentally friendly, healthy or hygienic labels. Therefore governmental institutions started differ- ent certification systems for different safe food products (Eischen, Prasertsri, and Sirikeratikul 2006). Safe Food labels were therefore introduced by the Thai Government. They are based on standards that have been agreed upon by both The Ministry of Public Health and The Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives.

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  • Role of agriculture in economic development. Theories of agricultural development. Economics of traditional agriculture. Socio-cultural and other institutional constraints. Planning for utilisation of surplus resources including manpower. Linkages in agriculture. Structural transformation. Review of agricultural development in U.S.A, Japan, China and India. Planning: India's five year plans. Human Development Index. Welfare programmes. Globalisation of economies and its impact on Indian economy. ...

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  • In recent years, although slowly, steps have been taken towards a greater liberalisation of the agricultural markets. However, agriculture still accounts for 66% of the protectionism in the trade for goods and services today. This explains, at least in part, its small impact on international trade, since it only represents 4% of the gross world product (World Bank, 2006). For EU member countries, agricultural protectionism derives from the CAP (Common Agricultural Policy).

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  • Demand for organically produced food products is increasing rapidly in North America, driven by a perception that organic agriculture results in fewer negative environmental impacts and yields greater benefits for human health than conventional systems. Despite the increasing interest in organic grain production on the Canadian Prairies, a number of challenges remain to be addressed to ensure its long-term sustainability. In this review, we summarize Western Canadian research into organic crop production and evaluate its agronomic, environmental, and economic sustainability. ...

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  • It is the responsibility of State and Federal regulatory agencies to uphold the supply of wholesome, quality food for the consumer. Without guidelines and regulations, the safety and quality of milk as we know it may not exist. The goal of Washington State Department of Agriculture (WSDA), Food Safety Program is to obtain voluntary compliance in a manner that is mutually beneficial for the milk industry as well as the consumer.

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  • At very high temperatures and constant heat loads even camels need to dissipate heat. Many mammals achieve evaporative cooling through an increased respiratory rate rather than by sweating. Respiratory cooling is relatively more expensive in water than is sweating since faster respiration rates result in more energy being used. Normal respiratory rates in camels are in the range of 6 to 11 breaths/min. (average 8) in the Sahara. Under heat stress these increase to levels of 8 to 18 (average 16). Such low respiration rates do not result in significantly increased evaporation. ...

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  • Many organizations and individuals played a role in the preparation of this report, and although it is not possible to cite all of them, several deserve particular mention. O. B. Hemeng and Baffour Asafo-Adjei of the Crops Research Institute (CRI) embraced the proposal to carry out the study and offered the use of CRI staff and facilities. Nana Koranteng and Mark Mostovac of the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA-Ghana) were instrumental in mobilizing financial support from CIDA.

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  • The maintenance and operation of public swimming pools falls under the primary authority of the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, Environmental Health Division, formerly Public Health Department. Yet, Michigan Department of Agriculture regulates the use of pesticides, which includes some chemicals used in swimming pool maintenance. Therefore, public pool operations require that the owner and operator comply with both departments’ rules governing the safe and lawful operation of swimming pools.

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  • It is not assumed that, when subjected to such "forces" of positive feedback, people do not try to find mechanisms with which to cope. The models assume that people do the best they can in the circumstances they face. What the models do is to identify conditions in which this is not enough to lift communities out of the mire. Turner and Ali (1996), for example, have shown that in the face of population pressure inBangladesh small land-holders have periodically adopted new ways of doing things so as to intensify agricultural production.

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  • People of four generations ago lived at the turn of the 20th Century, before the invention and widespread use in agriculture and industry of thousands of synthetic chemicals. Those of us living in the early 21st Century inhabit a world where some of these substances – which were introduced as far back as the 1920s and employed more and more in the 1940s and '50s – have been around for decades. Now they are everywhere . . . including in the tissues of every human being on Earth.

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  • Many of the traditionally sound cultural practices recommended for conventional agriculture are also employed in organic production. In fact, organic agriculture has been referred to as “good farming practice without using synthetic chemicals.”2 For example, planned crop rotations, which have multiple benefits in terms of soil building, plant health, pest management, and enhancing biodiversity, are required in annual organic cropping systems.

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