However, more recent papers have found that industry effects are becoming more
important. Baca et al. (2000) report that the importance of global industry factors in
explaining international return variation increased towards the late-1990s. Cavaglia et al.
(2000) show that industry factors surpassed country effects in importance in the late-1990s,
concluding that diversification across industries may now provide greater risk reduction than
diversification across countries.
The research described in this report was supported by Grant No. 2003IJ-CX-1022 awarded by the National Institute of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. The research was conducted within RAND Infrastructure, Safety, and Environment (ISE), a division of the RAND Corporation, for the National Institute of Justice. Points of view in this document are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position or policies of the U.S. Department of Justice....
The members of the cautious group, which have traditionally been protecting and supporting
their agriculture markets, want to make sure that—despite progressing liberalization—there will
be enough room for them to continue providing farmers with larger sums of support. As a result,
this group wants to retain an instrument (such as the Green Box) through which larger amounts
of subsidies can be paid to their farming sector to sustain a minimum degree of farming activity.
As the 1980s progressed, so did the success of Richard Melman and LEYE. With the desire to
embrace diverse styles of cuisine, LEYE developed a variety of concepts including seafood house,
Shaw’s Crab House/Blue Crab Lounge (1984-85), Spanish tapas restaurant Cafe Ba-Ba-Reeba!
(1986), upscale dining at Everest (1986) and innovative Mexican creations at Hat Dance (1988). LEYE’s
fast growing Italian Division has also experienced great success with establishments such as Tucci
Benucch (1988), its city cousin Tucci Milan (1989) and the southern Italian trattoria, Scoozi! (1986).
In addition to documenting the uptake and diffusion of the three GGDP-generated maize technologies, this case study
provides valuable insights about the many factors that can affect the adoption of agricultural innovations in general. The
survey results show that adoption of improved production technology is directly influenced by three sets of factors:
(1) characteristics of the technology (e.g., complexity, profitability, riskiness, divisibility, compatibility with other technologies);
(2) characteristics of the farming environment (e.g.
The Animal Production and Health Section of the Joint FAO/IAEA Division of
Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture recognises that the trend towards
intensification of livestock production in developing countries presents both opportunities
and challenges. The potential opportunities are the flow-on benefits to the
producers and local economy while the potential challenges are the flow-on costs
to the environment, animal health and welfare.