This study compares the depicted reality the films present to
audiences with previous addiction cinema and with real-world
economic and cultural conditions. Since films privilege certain
viewpoints through representational strategies and by leaving
out alternatives, I also examine the ideologies of the films and
issues of textual silence. The study offers a critique of these
issues in the spirit of other well-known ideological film
studies, such as Ryan and Kellner's (1988) Camera Politica....
Official statistics must be interpreted with care, as changes at the margins of firm size categories may
strongly affect size distribution and with that the picture of the role of SMEs in an economy. Wherever
possible, data should be collected on a (sub-national) regional basis as the differences in birth rates and
growth within an economy, and indeed within a locality or region, may be as substantial as between
Viruses are obligate parasites which depend on living cells to multiply. Their ability to
deliver stable RNA and DNA into cells has determined their use in gene therapy. In 1983
Mann et al. developed one of the first retroviral gene therapy vectors for delivery in vitro
(Mann, Mulligan et al. 1983). This development was followed by many successfully gene
therapy trials of retroviruses (Anderson, Blaese et al. 1990; Levine and Friedmann 1991;
Blaese, Culver et al. 1993). Now, retrovirual vectors are implemented in nearly 22.2% of
clinical trials (http://www.wiley.
These capital requirements were notable because, for
the first time, regulatory minimum capital requirements could
be based on the output of banks’ internal risk measurement
models. The market risk capital requirements thus stood in
sharp contrast to previous regulatory capital regimes, which
were based on broad, uniform regulatory measures of risk
In Mozambique, Pathfinder is going beyond traditional maternal and child health to ensure
the survival of children into adulthood. In addition to their traditional role distributing family planning
information and products, CHWs have begun distributing water-purification solution and insecticide-treated
bed nets for malaria prevention to pregnant women and mothers of children under five. They are promoting
exclusive breast-feeding to the age of six-months, iron and folate supplements for pregnant women, growth
monitoring, deworming, and proper nutrition.
Technological improvements might also involve the adoption and use of alternative fuel or
alternative propulsion vehicles. In developing countries, the most commonly discussed
alternative vehicle strategies include compressed natural gas (CNG), liquefied petroleum gas
(LPG), alcohol-based fuels, and electric propulsion or hybrid -electric vehicles in certain
applications. Other alternative fuels showing potential long -term promise in the transport sector
include hydrogen fuel cells and various synthetic fuels for use in compression-ignition engines.
A risk factor is anything that changes a person's chance of getting a disease such as
cancer. Different cancers have different risk factors. For example, unprotected exposure
to strong sunlight is a risk factor for skin cancer and smoking is a risk factor for cancers
of the lungs, mouth, larynx, esophagus, bladder, and several other organs. Scientists have
found few risk factors that make a person more likely to develop adrenal gland tumors.
Even if a patient does have one or more risk factors for adrenal gland tumors, it is
impossible to know for sure how much that risk factor...
We analyze the susceptibility of the Internet to
random faults, malicious attacks, and mixtures of faults and
attacks.We analyze actual Internet data, as well as simulated data
created with network models. The network models generalize
previous research, and allow generation of graphs ranging from
uniform to preferential, and from static to dynamic.We introduce
new metrics for analyzing the connectivity and performance of
networks which improve upon metrics used in earlier research.
Two large blocks of land were appraised for suitability for the development of planta-
tion crops: Block A, north-west of Cameroon Mountain, including some areas of its
foothills; Block B, extending eastward from the Douala-Mbanga road at Kompina
toward the Wouri and Dibombe rivers (see Text Maps 1.1, 1.2 and 3.1). Block B was
rejected because most of the area was topographically unsuitable. Several areas in
Block A were also rejected because they were already settled or topographically unsuit-
Schools reported the manner in which their nutrition education efforts
are coordinated by a person or group. The majority of public schools
(61 percent) have no nutrition education coordination, meaning each
teacher is responsible for his or her nutrition lessons (table 6). About
9 percent of the schools have one person within the school
coordinating nutrition education; 24 percent coordinate using a group
or committee; and about 6 percent have someone outside the school,
for example from the district, coordinate nutrition education.
Active follow-up usually means that the registry attempts to contact physi-
cians or patients on a regular basis to see if the patient is still alive. Because
this is expensive, many registries rely on passive follow-up, matching with
death certificates and assuming patients are alive otherwise. Mixed systems
use death certificates plus updating the ‘date last known alive’ from hospital
admissions, consultations, and other sources of data.
Active follow-up of the patients is usually very difficult in developing coun-
In community-dwelling elders, the relation
between dietary quality, social support
and living arrangements is controversial.
Some studies have found positive
relations,21,65,68,70,78-80 whereas others have
found diet quality to be unaffected by a
poor social network.81 It has been suggested
that geographical isolation has an
adverse effect on nutritional status among
This document provides system requirements developed and adopted by the National
Association of Theatre Owners. This document may be revised by NATO. It is
intended solely as information for system providers, product developers, and
standards committees and other organizations in standardization and certification
efforts. NATO shall not be liable for any exemplary, incidental, proximate or
consequential damages or expenses arising from the use of this document.
This document is an authorized and approved publication of NATO.
Earlier this year, the Texas Health and Human Services Commission reported to its state
legislature that WHP has been effective in reducing unplanned births and has saved the state
millions of dollars due to the reduction in Medicaid costs associated with those births. It
estimated that over 8,000 births were averted in 2011, yielding $54 million in net savings
(federal plus state), including more than $23 million in state savings.
There are no recent statistics determining the size and scope of the inbound incentive travel
market. The last estimates were provided in a report commissioned by the British Tourist
Authority and partners in 1996, which calculated the value of inbound and domestic incentive
travel (excluding air travel) to be in the region of £165 million per year.
The fact that hotels do not differentiate between conference and incentive travel group
bookings, makes it difficult to track occupancy levels.
Municipal water accounts for less than a tenth of human water use, but clean drinking water is a
critical need. Today, half of the world’s population live in towns and cities and one‐third of this
urban population live without clean drinking water. These billion have‐nots are unevenly
distributed across the globe: 700 million city dwellers in Asia, 150 million in Africa, and 120
million in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Now that we’ve reviewed the building blocks for money market funds, it’s
time to apply what you’ve learned. Imagine you’ve been given the task of
managing a large multibillion-dollar money market fund. What would you
do? Let’s give it a try.We’ll assume that the fund is a taxable general purpose
money market mutual fund.
Your responsibility to investors means that you will to do everything
you can to maintain the stable $1.00 NAV and to assure liquidity any time a
shareholder wants to withdraw cash—while providing a competitive yield.
The marketing funnel is a broken metaphor that overlooks the complexity social media introduces
into the buying process. As consumers’ trust in traditional media diminishes, marketers need a
new approach. We propose a new metric, engagement, that includes four components: involvement,
interaction, intimacy, and influence. Each of these is built from data collected from online and offline
The European Environment Agency Aug. 18 released a report predicting increasingly
severe weather problems in Europe over the next generation as a result of rising
temperatures, calling the 1997 Kyoto Protocol the best first step to reversing some of the
effects of the trend. The report, Impacts of Europe's changing climate: An indicator-
based assessment, which is in line with much of the previous research into the subject,
showed that temperatures were rising in Europe faster than they are rising worldwide.
Over the last decade, the consumption of poultry products in developing countries has grown by
5.8 percent per annum, faster than that of human population growth, and has created a great
increase in demand. Family poultry has the potential to satisfy at least part of this demand
through increased productivity and reduced wastage and losses, yet still represent essentially
low-input production systems.