Xem 1-16 trên 16 kết quả Aids pandemic
  • Since its founding,ANAC has shown a singular commitment to improving the lives of those affected by HIV/AIDS. Nowhere is this commitment more fully articulated than in ANAC’s Core Curriculum for HIV/AIDS Nursing. Drawing from the expertise of frontline clinicians and scholars, the first two editions of the Core Curriculum provided nurses with the evidence-based knowledge to provide quality care to the diverse groups that comprise the HIV/AIDS population. In this third edition, we have endeavored to uphold the standard of excellence set by the editors of the first two editions.

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  • Several times over the last few years, we’ve asked ourselves about our own call to leadership in a world beset by unprecedented challenges and crises, from the AIDS pandemic to global warming to the destruction and fear wrought by terrorism and state responses to it. We have joined particular initiatives to respond to these challenges, but we always return to the conviction that our best contribution is teaching and writing about how the world’s citizens can work together for the common good in their organizations and communities....

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  • Ten years ago when I wrote the foreword to the first edition of this book, the concept of women’s health was changing at a rapid pace. The focus was just shifting from solely reproductive issues and biological factors, to an expanded perception that women’s health encompasses biological, familial, cultural, economic, emotional, psychological, and behavioral elements of each woman and her sociopolitical environment, beyond just the reproductive organs and across her entire lifespan.

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  • The Thirteenth Replenishment Agreement of the World Bank’s International Development Association (IDA), covering the period 2003-5 inclusive, introduced grant financing for the first time in IDA’s 40-year history. The Agreement recognized that unsustainable levels of debt should be a criterion for eligibility of grants for low-income borrowers, along with criteria such as the exigencies of natural disasters, conflict and the HIV/AIDS pandemic. In IDA 13, each borrower was subject to a cap of grant funding equivalent to 40 percent of its total IDA allocation.

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  • Women were among the first documented cases of AIDS (Corea, 1992; Shilts, 1987), and have continued to become infected, develop AIDS, and die, throughout the course of this pandemic. Women have consistently constituted more than half of those infected with HIV globally, while in the United States their representation among those struck by AIDS has been increasing dramatically in recent years; more new infections occur among women than men at the present time.

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  • These demographic changes are taking place in developing countries alongside increasing mobility and changing family structures. Industrialization is eroding long-standing patterns of interdependence between the generations of a family, often resulting in material and emotional hardship for the elderly. The family and community networks in many developing countries that had formerly provided support to the older generation have been weakened, and often destroyed, by rapid social and economic change. The AIDS pandemic is also significantly affecting the lives of older people.

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  • The HIV/AIDS pandemic constitutes a major threat to development in affected countries. The virus is spreading through different populations at varying rates, and prevalence rates among adults range from a fraction of a percent to well over 30 percent. In sub-Saharan Africa and parts of the Carib- bean, the epidemic is clearly established in the general population and is largely spread through heterosexual contact. Whatever the main means of transmis- sion, however, it is almost always the poor and the marginalized that are at greatest risk of exposure.

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  • Other donors also work across the public health spectrum. AusAID has a substantial, broad health portfolio including programs in MCH, HIV/AIDS, pandemic influenza and health systems strengthening, which focuses on financing and human resources. AusAID and USAID work particularly closely and collaboratively to ensure effective coordination and complementarity of efforts. JICA has a broad health portfolio that complements the GHI, including programs in MCH, pandemic influenza, TB, rational drug use and vaccine production.

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  • If the HIV/AIDS pandemic is to be halted, the international community must, for a start, deliver on the promise of universal education. But it must go further than the imperative of equal access to education and ensure equal quality in the process, content and experience of education. While access to, and the availability of, life skills classes are important to stopping the spread of HIV/AIDS, so too is a school environment that is child-friendly, models equality and fairness, and protects the rights of all children equally (see Box 3, page 11 and Chapter 4, page 18).

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  • The AIDS pandemic negatively affects OVC. The situation has been heightened by the deteriorating economic situation in Zimbabwe and the weakening of support structures at all levels, that is, at individual, family, and community level. Although OVC support services were in place, these were largely overwhelmed and could not meet OVC material and psychosocial needs.

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  • Extrapulmonary involvement can occur in isolation or along with a pulmonary focus as in the case of patients with disseminated tuberculosis (TB). The recent human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) pandemic has resulted in changing epidemiology and has once again brought extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) into focus. EPTB constitutes about 15 to 20 per cent of all cases of tuberculosis in immunocompetent patients and accounts for more than 50 per cent of the cases in HIV-positive individuals.

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học quốc tế cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài:New pandemics: HIV and AIDS, HCV and chronic hepatitis, Influenza virus and flu...

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  • Property-grabbing from widows and orphans began long before the HIV and AIDS pandemic. However, the scale of HIV infection rates, stigmatisation and the social and economic vulnerability of widows and orphans have worsened the situation. Targets of psychological and physical harassment, dispossessed of their property and evicted from their homes, women and children are left destitute.Too often, the personal stories of both hardship and resilience in the face of adversity are lost in the statistics and dry overviews of national policies and epidemiological trends.

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  • In Zimbabwe, as in many other parts of Africa, agriculture is the principal source of livelihood for widows and orphans. Within this reality, a groundbreaking study was commissioned to investigate the land and property rights of women and orphans in Zimbabwe in the context of HIV/AIDS. It also examines the coping strategies, in terms of land-related livelihoods, adopted by widows and other vulnerable women affected by the pandemic.

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  • Other adjustments include the incorporation of body mass index, the use of finasteride, percentage free PSA and [-2]pro-PSA. It should be noted that the results of the Cancer Risk Calculator for prostate cancer may not be applicable to all men as most participants in the PCPT were Caucasian, and results may not be applicable to men of other races. In addition, most men in this study underwent a sextant prostate biopsy. This has now been largely superseded by an increase in the number of systematic biopsies taken routinely (Heidenreich et al. 2010).

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  • The USG has had a long and successful history of work in the health sector in Indonesia. While USAID accounts for 94% of the USG budget in health for Indonesia, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the National Institutes of Health (NIH), US Department of State Biosecurity Engagement Program (BEP), US Department of Agriculture (USDA) and Office of Defense Cooperation (DOD) also play significant roles, particularly in AI, other emerging pandemic threats (EPT) and HIV/AIDS in the case of DOD.

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