Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học quốc tế cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: "Alcohol consumption, blood alcohol concentration level and guideline compliance in hospital referred patients with minimal, mild and moderate head injuries
One of the pathologic complications of exudative (i.e. wet-type) age-related
macular degeneration (AMD) is choroidal neovascularization (CNV). The
aim of this study was to investigate whether chronic and heavy alcohol
consumption influenced the development of CNV in a rat model.
These figures derive from population studies showing the relationship of self reported levels of
drinking to risk of harm. It is arbitrary which point on the risk curve is deemed to merit a
warning.9-13 Other authorities have quoted weekly recommended upper limits for alcohol
consumption of 21 units per week for men and 14 units per week for women.
progression is episodic in nature on a tooth site level, but more recently, it has been realized
that it is principally patient-based rather than site-based (Zia et al., 2011); the host related
risk factors could be the key to better understand disease evolution. The available evidence
shows that important risk factors for periodontal disease relate to poor oral hygiene, tobacco
use, excessive alcohol consumption, stress, and diabetes mellitus (Laurina et al., 2009; Taylor
& Borgnakke, 2008).
carbon dioxide recovery systems In the fermentation process, the yeast feeds on the wort to produce carbon dioxide and alcohol. This carbon dioxide can be recovered with closed fermentation tanks and used later in the carbonation process. The fermentation process generates about 8-10 lbs/barrel wort (3-4 kg CO2/hl) (Lom and Associates, 1998). Typical CO2 scrubber operations require 2 kg of water per kg of carbon dioxide (Dell, 2001). A large brewery can become self-sufficient for CO2 if a well-designed plant is installed to recover CO2 from fermentation. The U.S.
For benefits of chronic alcohol consumption, see page 187. Central nervous system. The development of dependence on alcohol appears to involve alterations in central nervous system neurotransmission. The acute effect of alcohol is to block NMDA receptors for which the normal agonist is glutamate, the main excitatory transmitter in the brain. Chronic exposure increases the number of NMDA receptors and also 'L type' calcium channels, while the action of the (inhibitory) GABA neurotransmitter is reduced.
While there appears to be a rising incidence of problem drinking in the elderly, there are
also reports that low risk drinking may provide benefits to older populations. Indeed.
arguably most of the supposed benefits of alcohol consumption are to be found in older
people. So, for example, the claimed protective effect of alcohol in regard to
cardiovascular disease applies to the late middle aged and elderly. For this reason, the
recommended optimum level of alcohol consumption for health is higher for the elderly
than the young.
The epidemiology of esophageal cancer in the Western world has changed dramatically
over the last two decades. Up until the 1970s most esophageal cancers
were of the squamous cell type, affecting mostly elderly men drawn from the
poorer social classes and influenced by smoking and alcohol consumption. Since
then there has been a dramatic increase in the incidence of adenocarcinoma,
which tends to affect more affluent white men, often in their most productive
years of life
A clustering of the disease among close
relatives has also been shown, although there is no consensus on which inheritable
genetic defects are involved. In spite of extensive research, reliable findings on risk factors
relating to lifestyle, diet or the environment remain elusive. Possible lifestyle risk factors
are high intakes of α-linolenic acid (a polyunsaturated fatty acid in vegetables and dairy
products) and calcium.
The last couple of decades have seen considerable change in the structure of
business organisations, caused largely by their desire to gain competitive advantage
and by their desire to make use of the technological infrastructure available. Often
this has been legitimated as a reaction to the increasingly deregulated free market
environment brought into being as a consequence of globalisation.
Azagba and Sharaf Health Economics Review 2011, 1:15 http://www.healtheconomicsreview.com/content/1/1/15
The effect of job stress on smoking and alcohol consumption
Sunday Azagba* and Mesbah F Sharaf
Abstract This paper examines the effect of job stress on two key health risk-behaviors: smoking and alcohol consumption, using data from the Canadian National Population Health Survey. Findings in the extant literature are inconclusive and are mainly based on standard models which can model differential responses to job stress only by observed characteristics.
The web-based questionnaire was hosted on commercial web space leased specifically
for the project and participants were recruited through a variety of websites
mechanism of data collection allowed a specific focus on (predominantly male)
technology users such as computer gamers and music enthusiasts - two populations in
which the consumption of counterfeit goods is believed to be frequent (ACG, 2003).
The number of responses to the web-based questionnaire was 681. The overall sample
size was 2370. ...
Most people who appear to have some of the classic physical features of Cushing's Syndrome (cushingoid appearance) do not actually have the disease. After iatrogenic Cushing's is excluded, other causes of this appearance cn be polycystic ovary syndrome (androgen excess from the ovaries), ovarian tumors, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, ordinary obesity, excessive alcohol consumption, or just a family tendency to have a round face and abdomen with high blood pressure and high blood sugar.
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về hóa học được đăng trên tạp chí sinh học quốc tế đề tài : Psychosocial stress, demoralization and the consumption of tobacco, alcohol and medical drugs by veterinarians
Generally, alcohol consumption declines with age and the proportion of non-drinkers
increases. The reasons for this decline in consumption are presumably connected to
changes in life circumstances and attitudes and, in the later middle aged and older,
growing ill health.
There is evidence that today’s population of elderly people may be relatively heavier
drinkers than previous generations.
There is consistent evidence from a large number of studies that brief intervention in primary care
can reduce total alcohol consumption and episodes of binge drinking in hazardous drinkers, for
periods lasting up to a year. There is limited evidence that this effect may be sustained for longer
periods. All groups under study reduced alcohol consumption, but those with brief interventions
did so to a greater extent than those in control groups.
Harmful alcohol consumption is risky both for the drinker and for other people. An
intoxicated person can put people in harm’s way by involving them in trafﬁ c accidents or
violent behaviour, or by negatively affecting co-workers, relatives, friends or strangers.
A survey in Australia found that two thirds of respondents were adversely affected by
someone else’s drinking in the past year. Alcohol consumption also affects society at large.
Unrecorded alcohol refers to alcohol that is not taxed and is outside the usual system of
governmental control, because it is produced, distributed and sold outside formal channels.
Unrecorded alcohol consumption in a country includes consumption of homemade or
informally produced alcohol (legal or illegal), smuggled alcohol, alcohol intended for industrial
or medical uses, alcohol obtained through cross-border shopping (which is recorded in a
different jurisdiction), as well as consumption of alcohol by tourists.
The primary objective of the Working Group in developing recommendations for
nutrition principles for foods marketed to children has been the promotion of children’s
health through better diet, with particular – but not sole – emphasis on reducing the incidence
of childhood obesity.
World Health Statistics 2008 presents the most recent available health statistics for WHO’s 193 Member States. This
fourth edition includes 10 highlights of health statistics as well as data on an expanded set of over 70 key health
indicators. The indicators were selected on the basis of their relevance to global health monitoring and c onsiderations
of data availability, accuracy and comparability among Member States.
This publication is in two parts. Part 1 presents 10 topical highlights based on recent publications or results of new
analyses of existing data.