Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Long-term misuse of zopiclone in an alcohol dependent woman with a history of anorexia nervosa: a case report
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu khoa học ngành y học tạp chí Medical Sciences dành cho các bạn sinh viên ngành y tham khảo đề tài: Determinants of improvement in quality of life of alcohol-dependent patients during an inpatient withdrawal programme...
This book is the outcome of many years of study. With the exception of a few quotations, none of the material
has ever before appeared in any book. The writer has been indebted for years past to many of the physicians
mentioned in the following pages for copies of pamphlets and magazines, and for newspaper articles, bearing
upon the medical study of alcohol.
These figures derive from population studies showing the relationship of self reported levels of
drinking to risk of harm. It is arbitrary which point on the risk curve is deemed to merit a
warning.9-13 Other authorities have quoted weekly recommended upper limits for alcohol
consumption of 21 units per week for men and 14 units per week for women.
Understanding the High-Functioning Alcoholic represents the untold story of millions
of alcoholics. The goal of this book is to allow society to see that alcoholics
all suffer from the same disease, but that it may manifest in different ways.
The homeless person and the high-powered executive can both be alcoholics—
alcoholism does not differentiate among socioeconomic class, education level,
and appearance. However, because the high-functioning alcoholic (HFA) has
the ability to perform and succeed, the treatment often comes too late or not at
A compound consisting of an alkyl group and the functional group -OH is an alcohol. The
identity of an individual alcohol depends on the identity of R, the alkyl group. For example, when
R is the methyl group, we have CH30H. This is methyl alcohol or methanol, also known as wood
alcohol. It is highly toxic and can cause blindness or even death in relatively small doses. When R
is the ethyl group, we have CH3CH20H. This is ethyl alcohol or ethanol. Ethanol is the alcohol in
alcoholic beverages. When R is the isopropyl group, we have (CH3)2CHOH. This is isopropyl alcohol.
Prison policies often overlook the special needs of women and their health. Many women in
prison have high levels of mental illness and drug or alcohol dependence as well as histories of
sexual and physical abuse and violence. Issues arising from gender-specific health care needs
and family responsibilities are also frequently neglected. Although women represent a small
percentage of the total prison population, their numbers are increasing and the rate of increase is
much greater than that of men.
The rise and rapid spread of HIV infection, the resurgence of other serious communicable
diseases such as tuberculosis and hepatitis and the increasing recognition that prisons are
inappropriate receptacles for people with drug or alcohol dependence and mental health
problems have thrust prison health high on the public health agenda. As WHO has emphasized,
any national health strategy must include prison policies that address these serious health
A comparison between community and inpatient detoxification of alcohol dependent patients
found no difference in the number of patients remaining sober six months later.82 At least three
out of four such patients can be detoxified successfully in the community.82
No studies of outpatient detoxification using medication were identified where fits occurred but
studies had, appropriately, excluded patients with a history of withdrawal seizures or with
Home detoxification does not appear to have any clinical advantages but may offer cost savings.
Phenylacetaldehyde reductase (PAR) produced by styreneassimilating Corynebacterium strain ST-10 was used to synthesize chiral alcohols. This enzyme with a broad substrate range reduced various prochiral aromatic ketones and b-ketoesters to yield optically active secondary alcohols with an enantiomeric purity of more than 98% enantiomeric excess (e.e.). The Escherichia coli recombinant cells which expressed the par gene could eﬃciently produce important pharmaceutical intermediates;
Women constitute a special group within prisons because of their sex. Although the
characteristics and corresponding needs of women prisoners can vary considerably between
countries, several factors are common to most. These include many mental disorders, a high
level of drug or alcohol dependence, many women experiencing sexual and physical abuse and
violence before or in prison, the neglect of gender-specific health care needs and additional
issues related to the women’s responsibility for children and families.
A new NADP(H)-dependent alcohol dehydrogenase (the
YCR105Wgene product, ADHVII) has been identified in
Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The enzyme has been purified to
homogeneity and found to be a homodimer of 40 kDa
subunits and a pI of 6.2–6.4. ADHVII shows a broad sub-strate specificity similar to the recently characterized
ADHVI (64% identity), although they show some differ-ences in kinetic properties. ADHVI and ADHVII are the
onlymembersof the cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase family
lethal for the yeast....
Probably the major ultimate use of outcome management is program improvement.
The data provide the starting point for identifying problems, such as the information
broken out by key client and service characteristics. The analysis can identify
which particular client groups, which particular offices, or which particular caseworkers
or clinicians are doing well, or not well. This starts off the dialogue about
where problems exist, or about major accomplishments achieved.
An unconventional phospholipase D (PLD) activity was identiﬁed recently in Saccharomyces cerevisiae which is Ca2+-dependent, preferentially hydrolyses phosphatidylethanolamine (PtdEtn) and phosphatidylserine and does not catalyse a transphosphatidylation with primary short-chain alcohols. We have characterized the cytosolic and membrane-bound forms of the yeast PtdEtn-PLD and examined the regulation of its activity under certain growth, nutritional and stress conditions. Both forms of PtdEtn-PLD activity were similarly activated by Ca2+ ions in a biphasic manner.
This landmark World Health Organization publication aims to raise public and professional
awareness of the real burden of mental disorders and their costs in human,
social and economic terms. At the same time it intends to help dismantle many of those
barriers - particularly of stigma, discrimination and inadequate services - which prevent
many millions of people worldwide from receiving the treatment they need and deserve.
Human alcohol dehydrogenase 3/glutathione-dependent
formaldehyde dehydrogenase was shown to rapidly and
irreversibly catalyse the reductive breakdown of S-nitroso-glutathione. The steady-state kinetics of S-nitrosogluta-thione reduction was studied for the wild-type and two
mutated forms of human alcohol dehydrogenase 3, muta-tions that have previously been shown to affect the oxidative
efficiency for the substrate S-hydroxymethylglutathione.
The analysis carries out demand projections for poultry products and poultry feeds in
Bangladesh over the next 20 years. Using separate rural and urban consumption data and
income elasticities of demand, the national consumption of eggs is projected to be 5,866
million for 2020. The corresponding consumption of meat is projected to be 307 thousand
tons. The estimated use of grains (wheat and maize) as poultry feeds ranges from 867 to 898
thousand tons for the year 2020, depending on the approach adopted.
There is a large volume of good quality evidence indicating that appropriate screening helps the
detection and treatment of alcohol problems (see Annex 2 for a list of alerts). This evidence has
consistently shown that screening using the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT)
is effective within primary care, A&E, pre- and antenatal settings.