Recycling of plastic materials is now an important field in the plastics industry,
not just an activity born under environmental pressure. The recycling processes
include industrial operations in which secondary materials are
reprocessed and/or monomers recovered for further polymerization; such processes
are termed secondary and tertiary recycling.
It is less than five years since the last edition of
Modern Physical Metallurgy was enlarged to include
the related subject of Materials Science and Engineering,
appearing under the title Metals and Materials:
Science, Processes, Applications. In its revised
approach, it covered a wider range of metals and
alloys and included ceramics and glasses, polymers
and composites, modern alloys and surface engineering.
Optoelectronics - Materials and Techniques is the first part of an edited anthology on
the multifaceted areas of optoelectronics contributed by a selected group of authors
including promising novices to experts in the field, where are discussed related
materials and techniques. Photonics and optoelectronics are making an impact
multiple times the semiconductor revolution made on the quality of our life.
Ten years ago, when we first began treading in the murky
waters of ‘‘smart’’ materials and micro-systems, we had little
information to guide us. Although there had already been
rapid expansion in these technologies in the science and
engineering fields, particularly in regard to sensor development,
their entry into the design arena was, at best,
A biosensor is a detecting device that combines a transducer with a biologically sensitive and selective component. Biosensors can measure compounds present in the environment, chemical processes, food and human body at low cost if compared with traditional analytical techniques. This book covers a wide range of aspects and issues related to biosensor technology, bringing together researchers from 19 different countries.
The purpose of this book is to provide the reader with a comprehensive overview of
materials being developed or considered for a hydrogen-based energy economy, the
state of their development, and issues associated with their successful deployment.
It is our hope that this book will be useful to both the newcomer to this field and the
experienced engineer and researcher desiring to know more about the broader topic.
It is expected that students, professors, engineers, scientists, and managers will find
this book useful....
Engineering of nanophase materials and devices is of vital interest in electronics, semiconductors and optics, catalysis, ceramics and magnetism. Research associated with nanoparticles has widely spread and diffused into every field of scientific research, forming a trend of nanocrystal engineered materials.
The idea of writing a book on neutron scattering from magnetic materials occurred to me
about four years ago. I was then acting as a subeditor of the topic Neutron Scattering for
the encyclopedic book “Scattering: Scattering and Inverse Scattering in Pure and Applied
Science” which was to be published by Academic Press, London . There I had to cover
the field of neutron scattering in a very limited space and that was a very difficult and
frustrating task indeed. I
Over the past few decades the rapid spread of information and knowledge, the
increasing expectations of customers and stakeholders, intensified competition, and
searching for superior performance and low costs at the same time, have made supply
chain a critical management area.
During my experience of research for the last 25 years, I have felt the need for a text book
written specifi cally for Design Engineers and Materials Scientists. Although there have
been a number of excellent books written on the subject, they are now either out of date or
fundamental in nature. There is a growing need to adopt advanced techniques / technologies
to meet the ever increasing demand for high effi ciency in existing engines and to develop
modern gas turbines for strategic and special applications....
Most plastic materials are used because they have desirable mechanical
properties at an economical cost. For this reason, the mechanical properties
may be considered the most important of all the physical and chemical
properties of high polymers for most applications. Thus everyone working
with such materials needs at least an elementary knowledge of their mechanical
behavior and how this behavior can be modified by the numerous
structural factors that can be varied in polymers.
This section presents and discusses the properties of structural steels that are of importance
in design and construction. Designers should be familiar with these properties so that they
can select the most economical combination of suitable steels for each application and use
the materials efficiently and safely.
In accordance with contemporary practice, the steels described in this section are given
the names of the corresponding specifications of ASTM, 100 Barr Harbor Dr., West Conshohocken,
Ever since the invention of arc technology in 1870s and it's early use for welding lead
during the manufacture of lead-acid batteries, advances in arc welding throughout the
twentieth and twenty-first centuries have seen this form of processing applied to a
range of industries and progress to become one of the most effective techniques in
metals and alloys joining.
The nature of the tire and rubber industry has changed over the last 30 to 40
years in that, like all other industries, it has come to recognize the value of
using renewable sources of raw materials, recycling materials whenever
possible, and examining the potential of reclaiming used materials for fresh
It is 39 years since sea trials of the first hovercraft. Hovercraft are a new means of
transportation, and so machinery, equipment and structural materials have had to be
adapted for successful use in their special operating environment, which differs from
that in aviation and for other marine vessels.