Alternative interventions

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  • Alternative medicine is recognized as medical products and practices that do not belong to the standard cares taken by medical doctors, doctors of osteopathy and allied health professionals. Alternative medicine includes the mind-body interventions (i.e., meditation, yoga, acupuncture, deep-breathing exercises, guided imageryAny of various techniques (such as a series of verbal suggestions) used to guide another person or oneself in imagining sensations— especially in visualizing an image in the mind—to bring about a desired physical response (such as stress reduction).

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  • Upon entry in the program, participants, mostly women, receive a recipe book and are told about the importance of eating at least 3 meals a day and choosing from a vari- ety of foods in the four major food groups (grain prod- ucts, fruits/vegetables, milk/milk products, meat/meat alternate). Recipes are based on inexpensive, readily available whole grains products, vegetables and fruits, lean meats, low-fat dairy products and legumes. Partici- pants decide themselves how much weight they want to lose.

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  • Continuing education (CE) is the process by which health professionals keep up to date with the latest knowledge and advances in health care. However, the CE “system,” as it is structured today, is so deeply flawed that it cannot properly support the development of health professionals. CE has become structured around health professional participation instead of performance improvement. This has left health professionals unprepared to perform at the highest levels consistently, putting into question whether the public is receiving care of the highest possibly quality and safety....

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  • According to a random survey conducted in 1997, 42% of Americans sought out and used one or more types of medical interventions that were not taught in medical schools and were not generally available in U.S. hospitals. This represented an eight percentage point increase over the 1990 results of the same survey. While the vast majority (96%) of these people were also seeking conventional treatment for their health problems, less than 40% of these people told their conventional doctors what they were doing. Clearly, something’s going on with alternative medicine....

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  • High-priority projects include (and prove the corresponding figure): • Amendment and introduce improved housing to improve the ventilation system, temperature control and cleaning cages and pigs; o Many buildings with inadequate ventilation system with no cross ventilation can. Although some of the buildings can be renovated to achieve a satisfactory level, the best alternative is for farmers to build a new construction with input pig designed by Vietnamese scientists.

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  • Children with disabilities are at risk for experiencing problems in many aspects of their lives, including becoming independent in daily living skills, meeting academic expectations, learning to communicate, maintaining emotional and behavioral regulation, adapting to the social demands of society, and developing motor proficiency.

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  • Members, including alternate members, of the Article 6 Supervisory Committee shall be nominated by the relevant constituencies referred to in paragraph 4 above and be elected by the COP/MOP. The COP/MOP shall elect to the Article 6 Supervisory Committee five members and five alternate members for a term of two years and five members and five alternate members for a term of three years. Thereafter, the COP/MOP shall elect, every year, five new members and five alternate members for a term of two years. Appointment pursuant to paragraph 12 below shall count as one term.

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  • With combined power and heat generation (cogeneration) the waste heat incurred during engine operation is recovered and utilized to satisfy thermal system process requirements for low- grade steam and/or hot water. In many cases this utilization of waste heat results in overall systems of efficiencies of up to 90+% (thermal + electrical). This efficient form of energy conversion is able to achieve primary energy savings of about 40% using gas engine cogeneration systems, compared with conventional separate power and heat generation.

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  • In general, we find that the loan market is informationally more efficient than the bond market prior to and in periods directly surrounding events, such as corporate (loan and bond) defaults, and bankruptcies. First, we find that loan prices fall more than bond prices of the same borrower prior to an event, even after adjusting for risk in an event study setting. Second, we find that loan prices fall less than bond prices of the same borrower on a risk- adjusted basis in the periods directly surrounding an event.

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  • The main descriptive analysis rates were calculated by using interpolated and extrapolated Census Usually Resident population data from 1996, 2001, and 2006. Rates for 2008 and 2007 (with 2007 being the transition year, on the basis of the gradual implementation of interventions) were compared with the average annual rates for 2 baseline periods (1997–2001 and 2002–2006). For the longer time-trend analysis, rates were calculated by using mid-year population estimates derived by Statistics New Zealand (20).

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  • The extreme price volatility of recent years may continue, as many of the factors that caused recent price swings remain in flux. FAPRI-MU recognizes this uncertainty and considers 500 alternative outcomes for the future based on different assumptions about the weather, the price of petroleum and other factors that will affect the supply and demand for agricultural commodities. The tables which follow generally report the averages of the 500 alternative outcomes, but it is important to recognize that actual market results may vary greatly from the reported averages.

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  • Despite its limitations, unfractionated heparin has been the standard anticoagulant used during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Several small studies have suggested that intravenous enoxaparin may be a safe and effective alternative. Our primary aim was to assess the safety of enoxaparin as compared with that of unfractionated heparin in elective PCI. Methods In this prospective, open-label, multicenter, randomized trial, we randomly assigned 3528 patients with PCI to receive enoxaparin (0.5 or 0.

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  • Developing a common vision and a comprehensive approach to addressing children’s social, emotional and behavioral health needs is an integral part of child and adolescent health and health care. Policymakers can promote policies that call for a comprehensive state plan, interagency strategies and coordinated investments to support early social and emotional development. By integrating social and emotional development into existing programs and services, policymakers support efforts to comprehensively address the mental health needs of children and their families.

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  • Complementary and alternative medical (CAM) therapies encompass a broad spectrum of practices and beliefs (1). From an historical standpoint, they may be defined “... as practices that are not accepted as correct, proper, or appropriate or are not in conformity with the beliefs or standards of the dominant group of medical practitioners in a society” (2). From a functional standpoint, complementary (a.k.a.”alternative”) therapies may be defined as interventions neither taught widely in medical schools nor generally available in hospitals...

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  • Few fi elds of medicine have witnessed such impressive progress as the diagnosis and treatment of liver tumors. Advances in imaging technology, the development of novel contrast agents, and the introduction of optimized scanning protocols have greatly facilitated the non-invasive detection and characterization of focal liver lesions. Furthermore, image-guided techniques for percutaneous tumor ablation have become an accepted alternative treatment for patients with inoperable liver cancer.

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  • A third has to do with the asym- metry in information between provider and pa- tient concerning the outcomes of intervention; providers advise patients on choice of treatment, and when the providers' income is linked to this advice, excessive treatment can result. As a conse- quence of these last two considerations, in unregu- lated private markets costs escalate without appre- ciable health gains to the patient.

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  • This documented briefing presents interim findings from a RAND Center for Terrorism Risk Management Policy project that aims to inform the debate over extending the Terrorism Risk Insurance Act of 2002 (TRIA), as modified in 2005. The study uses analytic tools for identifying and assessing key trade-offs among strategies

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  • These findings point toward an important economic intuition that is often overlooked in the popular debate about television: the cognitive effects of television exposure depend critically on the ed- ucational value of the alternative activities that it crowds out. Like other early-childhood interventions (Currie 2001), television seems to be most beneficial for children who are relatively dis- advantaged. For children with highly educated parents and rich home environments, the cognitive effects of television appear to be smaller and may even be negative.

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  • Since 1990 Lithuania started to develop a model of community based services with the strategic goal to introduce modern public health approaches and create an alternative to the traditional system of residential institutions for children with different mental and developmental problems.

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  • Individual and societal health-related decisions about interventions to improve health and prevent disease are based on more than scientific evidence. Social, economic, ethical, environmental, cultural, and political factors may also be considered in implementation decisions. The effectiveness of a health-related strategy can be evaluated by comparing the frequency of the outcome in carefully selected groups of people who were and were not exposed to the strategy.

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