Alternative techniques

Xem 1-20 trên 101 kết quả Alternative techniques
  • Mutually exclusive rules Classifier contains mutually exclusive rules if the rules are independent of each other Every record is covered by at most one rule Exhaustive rules Classifier has exhaustive coverage if it accounts for every possible combination of attribute values Each record is covered by at least one rule

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  • Much has happened since the first edition of this book appeared in 2002. Despite the continuing paucity of robust scientific evidence to support most of its constituent therapies, complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) remains popular with clients who appreciate the holistic approach and have a belief in its effectiveness.

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  • Charging of batteries must be conducted with direct current. Alternative current or rotary current have to be transformed. Mostly semiconductor rectifiers are employed for this task. Methods for battery charging vary with demand and the charging time is of great importance. The charging devices can be divided into those that charge above gassing voltage and those that do not. Chargers that exceed gassing voltage during charging are employed for charging one battery at a time, while the ones that do not exceed gassing voltage can be used for parallel charging of several batteries. ...

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  • Alternative medicine is recognized as medical products and practices that do not belong to the standard cares taken by medical doctors, doctors of osteopathy and allied health professionals. Alternative medicine includes the mind-body interventions (i.e., meditation, yoga, acupuncture, deep-breathing exercises, guided imageryAny of various techniques (such as a series of verbal suggestions) used to guide another person or oneself in imagining sensations— especially in visualizing an image in the mind—to bring about a desired physical response (such as stress reduction).

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  • Medical imaging has been transformed over the past 30 years by the advent of computerized tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and various advances in x-ray and ultrasonic techniques. An enabling force behind this progress has been the (so far) exponentially increasing power of computers, which has made it practical to explore fundamentally new approaches.

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  • The integration of sophisticated inference-based techniques into natural language processing applications first requires a reliable method of encoding the predicate-argument structure of the propositional content of text. Recent statistical approaches to automated predicateargument annotation have utilized parse tree paths as predictive features, which encode the path between a verb predicate and a node in the parse tree that governs its argument.

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  • Exploiting unannotated natural language data is hard largely because unsupervised parameter estimation is hard. We describe deterministic annealing (Rose et al., 1990) as an appealing alternative to the ExpectationMaximization algorithm (Dempster et al., 1977).

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  • For 250 years, veterinary medicine and its scientific underpinning, veterinary science, have struggled to gain the confidence and respect of clients, fellow health scientists and practitioners, and the general public. And it has been accomplished by means of the scientific method and strict objectivity. To embrace unproven or even discredited “complementary and alternative” techniques surely is regressive both for patients and for veterinarians.

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  • In an ideal world scientists would not use animals (mainly mice and rats) for medical research. They would use alternative techniques. In fact, they are doing so increasingly. Non-animal methods now account for about 90% of medical research and include mathematical and computer models, advanced tissue and cell cultures and scanning technology. However, the scientific consensus is that many key questions can still only be answered by animal studies.

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  • When you have completed this chapter, you will be able to: Define null and alternative hypothesis and hypothesis testing, define Type I and Type II errors, describe the five-step hypothesis testing procedure, distinguish between a one-tailed and a two-tailed test of hypothesis,...

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  • In this chapter, you learned to: Define the terms state of nature, event, decision alternatives, payoff, and utility; organize information in a payoff table or a decision tree; compute opportunity loss and utility function; find an optimal decision alternative based on a given decision criterion; assess the expected value of additional information.

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  • Complementary and alternative medicine, which includes a range of practices outside of conventional medicine such as herbs, homeopathy, massage therapy, yoga, and acupuncture, hold increasing appeal for Americans. In fact, according to one estimate, 42% of Americans have used alternative therapies. In all age groups, the use of unconventional healthcare practices has steadily increased in the last 30 years, and the trend is likely to continue, although people born before 1945 are the least likely to turn to these therapies....

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  • In an effort to identify some of the most influential algorithms that have been widely used in the data mining community, the IEEE International Conference on Data Mining (ICDM, http://www.cs.uvm.edu/∼icdm/) identified the top 10 algorithms in data mining for presentation at ICDM ’06 in Hong Kong. This book presents these top 10 data mining algorithms: C4.5, k-Means, SVM, Apriori, EM, PageRank, AdaBoost, kNN, Na¨ıve Bayes, and CART.

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  • HTML and XML for Beginners provides Web coding beginners with a concise guide to the world of Hypertext Markup Language (HTML), and previews even more powerful alternatives such as Extensible Markup Language (XML). Rich in examples, the book walks the Web beginner through basic HTML techniques such as creating and publishing Web pages, formatting text, adding graphics, and creating hyperlinks.

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  • The so-called classic accumulator is not yet exhausted concerning development possibilities. The newest trends in research and development indicate that new production methods offer more cost-efficient methods for production of batteries than present production techniques, corresponding with presumptive large production numbers.

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  • Anatomy, Physiology, and Pathophysiology for Allied Health, first edition, is an introductory book to the body systems for medical assisting students. It acquaints students with basic information about all of the body systems. The book speaks directly to the student, with chapter introductions, case studies, and chapter summaries written to engage the student’s attention. When referring to patients in the third person, we have alternated between passages that describe a male patient and passages that describe a female patient.

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  • Given a collection of records (training set ) Each record contains a set of attributes, one of the attributes is the class. Find a model for class attribute as a function of the values of other attributes. Goal: previously unseen records should be assigned a class as accurately as possible. A test set is used to determine the accuracy of the model. Usually, the given data set is divided into training and test sets, with training set used to build the model and test set used to validate it.

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  • Software development is humbling. Just when you think you’ve got a solid handle on every last (important) bit of technology you need to complete the project at hand, you’re often slapped in the face with the news that you’re just plain wrong. This news can be both frustrating, and encouraging (at the same time, believe it or not).

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  • Under certain conditions, the Company may use options and futures on securities, indices and interest rates, as described in Section 3.2. "Sub-Fund Details" and Appendix 3 "Restrictions on the use of techniques and instruments" for the purpose of investment, hedging and efficient portfolio management. In addition, where appropriate, the Company may hedge market and currency risks using futures, options or forward foreign exchange contracts. Transactions in futures carry a high degree of risk.

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  • It also reviews different valuation methods and estimated values for non-market forest goods and services in Europe. Chapter 5 gives an overview of the financing mechanisms used in the Member States and their applicability for different goods and services. It includes a theoretical review of alternative financing mechanisms for non-market forest goods and services (FG&S) as well as an empirical assessment of their use in Europe and EU Member States (EU MS).

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