The purpose of this paper is to help customer survey process stakeholders understand some of the inherent tradeoffs of alternative survey methods. The scope addresses factors including size of the customer population, strengths and weaknesses of alternate...
The Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine (GEAM) is a one-stop source for alternative medical information that covers complementary therapies, herbs and remedies, and common medical diseases and conditions. It avoids medical jargon, making it easier for the layperson to use. The Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine presents authoritative, balanced information and is more comprehensive than single-volume family medical guides.
Much has happened since the first edition of this book appeared in 2002.
Despite the continuing paucity of robust scientific evidence to support
most of its constituent therapies, complementary and alternative medicine
(CAM) remains popular with clients who appreciate the holistic approach
and have a belief in its effectiveness.
The initial reason for writing Complementary and Alternative Medicine: An Evidence-
Based Approach was the need to examine research evidence and claims purported by
advocates, clinicians, and researchers of complementary and alternative medicine
(CAM) regarding its effectiveness. Both of us had previous experience with certain of
these therapies since we had worked with American Indians who used alternative spiritual-
indigenous medical approaches to health-related problems. Joseph Jacobs, a
Mohawk, grew up using many of these healing practices.
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM)1 is now a major part of the healthcare
system in all advanced societies.2 It is also a common part of discourse in medicine and
healthcare. This growth of interest has only partially been matched by academic study of
it. Indeed, over recent years there has been an increasing recognition that CAM is
essentially under-researched (House of Lords 2000).
Shortly before I began research for this book on
alternative and complementary medicine, I
informed a dear friend of the pending task. His first
comment was “How many volumes?”
Those three words would haunt me throughout
the project. One book hardly scratches the surface;
therefore my objectives were to compile up-to-date
information on and explanations of as many alternative,
complementary, or integrative healing
methods as possible and to present them in an
unbiased and accessible A-to-Z format.
Guided by Hippocrates' dictum, this book takes a scientific look at the current plethora of alternative treatments that are rapidly growing in popularity. These treatments are piled high in every pharmacy, written about in every magazine, discussed on millions of web pages and used by billions of people, yet they are regarded with scepticism by many doctors.
THE EAST ASIAN FINANCIAL CRISIS: A CRITICAL EXAMINATION OF FOUR ALTERNATIVE MODELS David Card and Alan
Krueger provided the SAT data used throughout. Cecilia Rouse provided the hard-to-obtain
School District Data Book used in Chapters 1 and 2. Saul Geiser and Roger Studley of the
University of California Office of the President provided the student records that permitted
the research in Chapter 3.
In many parts of the world, where medicines are not readily available
or affordable, the public continue to rely on medicines used traditionally
in their cultures. At the same time, affluent consumers in the industrialized
world are spending their own money on healthcare approaches
that fall outside what has been considered mainstream medicine. A growing
body of national and international studies highlight the reality that
there is exponential growth of global interest in and use of traditional (i.e.
indigenous), complementary and alternative medicine (TCAM).
Alternative medicine is recognized as medical products and practices that do not belong to
the standard cares taken by medical doctors, doctors of osteopathy and allied health professionals.
Alternative medicine includes the mind-body interventions (i.e., meditation, yoga,
acupuncture, deep-breathing exercises, guided imageryAny of various techniques (such as a
series of verbal suggestions) used to guide another person or oneself in imagining sensations—
especially in visualizing an image in the mind—to bring about a desired physical response
(such as stress reduction).
This book was written to provide accurate and helpful information about
complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) to people with multiple
sclerosis (MS). The term CAM refers broadly to medical approaches, such as
acupuncture or herbal medicine, that are not typical components of conventional
medicine. Despite the fact that the majority of people with MS appear
to use CAM, it may be difficult to find reliable information about the
relevance and usefulness of these therapies in MS.
Bringing together the recent and relevant contributions of over 125 scientists from industry, government, and academia in North America and Western Europe, Alternative Toxicological Methods explores the development and validation of replacement, reduction, and refinement alternatives (the 3Rs) to animal testing. Internationally recognized scientists present what has been accomplished thus far in developing acceptable alternatives to traditional animal toxicological assessment and provide potentially new initiatives.
INFORMATION SYSTEM QUALITY : AN EXAMINATION OF SERVICE-BASED MODELS AND ALTERNATIVES If both peer group
and school effectiveness are important to parents, then, the Tiebout mechanism rewards
effective administrators only when there are many districts. Model (3) suggests that in this
case the test score gap between high- and low-income schools will tend to be larger in
markets with a great deal of interdistrict competition than in those with less Tiebout choice.
I test for this in the empirical analysis below....
Why would one examine in detail complementary and alternative medicine
(CAM) treatments in mental health care in an era when traditional psychotherapeutic
and psychopharmacological treatments have never been better? There
are at least two reasons: one is empirical, the other is theoretical.
First, empirical data show that public interest in CAM treatments is growing
rapidly, and it is thus incumbent on physicians to follow their patients’ lead and
become knowledgeable about these treatments (Spiegel 2000; Spiegel et al.
This is the second of two papers in which we prove the Tits alternative for Out(Fn ). Contents 1. Introduction and outline 2. Fn -trees 2.1. Real trees 2.2. Real Fn -trees 2.3. Very small trees 2.4. Spaces of real Fn -trees 2.5. Bounded cancellation constants 2.6. Real graphs 2.7. Models and normal forms for simplicial Fn -trees 2.8. Free factor systems 3. Unipotent polynomially growing outer automorphisms 3.1. Unipotent linear maps 3.2. Topological representatives 3.3. Relative train tracks and automorphisms of polynomial growth 3.4. Unipotent representatives and UPG automorphisms ...
Alternative medicine is a term that causes confusion for most people.
What is alternative medicine? How does it compare with conventional
medicine? What is integrative medicine? Is integrative medicine the same
as alternative medicine? How does alternative medicine compare with
holistic health? What do all of these practices have in common, and what
are their differences? Do they work? Are they safe?
The reason most consumers choose to explore alternative approaches
to healing is a very simple one: what they’re currently doing isn’t working.