Myelodysplasia: Treatment The therapy of MDS has been unsatisfactory. Only stem cell transplantation offers cure: survival rates of 50% at 3 years have been reported, but older patients are particularly prone to develop treatment-related mortality and morbidity. Results of transplant using matched unrelated donors are comparable, although most series contain younger and more highly selected cases.
Harrison's Internal Medicine Chapter 131. Diphtheria and Other Infections Caused by Corynebacteria and Related Species
Corynebacterium diphtheriae. Toxigenic strains of C. diphtheriae produce a protein toxin that causes systemic toxicity, myocarditis, and polyneuropathy. The toxin is associated with the formation of pseudomembranes in the pharynx during respiratory diphtheria. While toxigenic strains most frequently cause pharyngeal diphtheria, nontoxigenic strains commonly cause cutaneous disease.
Although researchers have conducted extensive studies on relation extraction in the last decade, supervised approaches are still limited because they require large amounts of training data to achieve high performances. To build a relation extractor without signiﬁcant annotation effort, we can exploit cross-lingual annotation projection, which leverages parallel corpora as external resources for supervision.
Information extraction systems incorporate multiple stages of linguistic analysis. Although errors are typically compounded from stage to stage, it is possible to reduce the errors in one stage by harnessing the results of the other stages. We demonstrate this by using the results of coreference analysis and relation extraction to reduce the errors produced by a Chinese name tagger. We use an N-best approach to generate multiple hypotheses and have them re-ranked by subsequent stages of processing.
Although much work on relation extraction has aimed at obtaining static facts, many of the target relations are actually ﬂuents, as their validity is naturally anchored to a certain time period. This paper proposes a methodological approach to temporally anchored relation extraction. Our proposal performs distant supervised learning to extract a set of relations from a natural language corpus, and anchors each of them to an interval of temporal validity, aggregating evidence from documents supporting the relation. ...
At least two kinds of relations exist among related words: taxonomical relations and thematic relations. Both relations identify related words useful to language understanding and generation, information retrieval, and so on. However, although words with taxonomical relations are easy to identify from linguistic resources such as dictionaries and thesauri, words with thematic relations are difficult to identify because they are rarely maintained in linguistic resources.
How to prepare for IELTS – Speaking
Details of the Speaking Test
Structure of the test
The speaking test is the last test you do on the test day. You will be given a time slot between about 2pm and 6.30pm. There are three tasks or parts to the test which takes the form of an interview lasting between 11 & 14 minutes: Part 1 Introduction & Interview (4-5 minutes) Part 2 Individual long turn (3-4 minutes) Part 3 Two-way discussion (4-5 minutes) The tasks test your ability to perform the following functions in English....
``Non-English Speaker'' means any party or witness who
cannot readily understand or communicate in spoken English
and who consequently cannot equally participate in or benefit
from the proceedings unless an interpreter is available to assist
him or her.
Microwaves are generally considered to be a specific part of the wide radio
frequency spectrum. The band from 300 MHz to 30 GHz is typically considered
to be “microwaves,” for example by the Institute of Electrical end
Electronics Engineers (IEEE), although many of us prefer to set the lower
limit somewhat higher—perhaps at 1 or even 3 GHz. Above 30 GHz, the
term “millimeter waves” is used. High school physics suggests that we are
talking about wavelengths ranging from about 30 cm down to 10 mm...
Contraceptive use accounts for a substantial portion of the variation in
observed fertility rates (others include age of marriage, abortion rates, post-
partum amenorrhea and abstinence, and occurrence of marital separations).
Although there have been dramatic increases in the use of family planning
services, unmet need for family planning remains very high in low-prevalence
Breast cancer remains a leading cause of cancer death among women
in the United States. More than 180,000 new cases of invasive breast
cancer are diagnosed each year, and more than 40,000 women die of the
disease. Recent years, however, have seen improvements in survival
attributed to better treatment and earlier diagnosis. Research efforts have
been directed toward better treatment, preventive strategies, and early
This book sets out to explain the most foundational aspect of interna-
tional law in international relations terms. By doing so it goes straight to
the central problem of international law – that although legally speaking
all States are equal, socially speaking they clearly are not. As such it is an
ambitious and controversial book which will be of interest to all interna-
tional relations scholars and students and practitioners of international
Sustainability is increasingly being viewed as a non-negotiable added extra that comes at a
price, although it can offer financial rewards, particularly over the longer term. These
rewards are measured in micro (energy efficiency, recycling etc.) and macro terms
(greenhouse gas reducing, less resource depleting etc.), and are nearly always
environmentally-based. The social aspects of sustainabilty (productivity, well-being etc.)
must also be seriously considered. However, financial rewards from investment in this area
are less understood.
It is recommended not to fix the extractor directly to the projector since the vibrations created by the
rotation of the ventilation system might disturb the micro-mirrors*. It is therefore better to move it
further away in the pipe system. Although being moved, the extractor has to remain accessible to
ensure its maintenance (cleaning, replacement in case of failure).
Please be careful not to circulate air from one lamphouse to another. You might have to equip...
Diphtheria is a nasopharyngeal and skin infection caused by Corynebacterium diphtheriae. Toxigenic strains of C. diphtheriae produce a protein toxin that causes systemic toxicity, myocarditis, and polyneuropathy. The toxin is associated with the formation of pseudomembranes in the pharynx during respiratory diphtheria. While toxigenic strains most frequently cause pharyngeal diphtheria, nontoxigenic strains commonly cause cutaneous disease.
Although social funds projects started with the short-term emergency
objective, they are increasingly incorporating longer term service deliv-
ery and capacity-building goals. The Portfolio Review found that around
80 percent of recent social funds projects, that is, those approved in fis-
cal years 1994–96, had long-term objectives.
As the objectives of social funds projects evolve over time, their design
and implementation need to change as well. The yardsticks used to
monitor performance should reflect evolving objectives.
Historically, the law did not involve itself too much in the regulation of
marriage. An individual was free to ‘marry’ merely by the exchange of vows, or
by the act of sexual intercourse with their partner. This lack of legal regulation
led to the term ‘common law wife’, which is still in use today, although having
little, if any, legality or rights attached to it. The law did, however, start to
become involved in marriage in the 18th century, and now legislation provides
the rules surrounding the process of marriage.
A great gulf exists between what is known and what
should be known about women in midlife and older, in
order to understand their lives. In Jamaica, women over
fifty years old are taken for granted, although demographically
and socially they have been, and continue
to be, a force to be reckoned with in the society. They
are such a force because of their positive contributions
to family, community and the economy.
In 1856, Rudolf Virchow published “Cellular pathology” based on macroscopic and
microscopic observation of diseases, and described a triad of factors on thrombosis. The
three components were vascular change, blood flow alteration, and abnormalities of blood
constituents. Although Virchow originally referred to venous thrombosis, the theory can
also be applied to arterial thrombosis, and it is considered that atherothrombus formation is
regulated by the thrombogenicity of exposed plaque contents, local hemorheology, and
Although not specifically referred to as quick starting, previous Faculty guidance has advised
that contraceptive methods can be started at any point in the menstrual cycle if a
practitioner is reasonably certain that the woman is not currently pregnant (Box 1)8 or at risk
of pregnancy. As sperm may be viable in the female reproductive tract for up to 7 days,
health professionals should consider if a woman is at risk of becoming pregnant as a result of
unprotected sexual intercourse (UPSI) within the last 7 days.