However, an altruistic basis for donation does not necessarily exclude other approaches:
systems based on altruism and systems involving some form of payment are not mutually
exclusive. This holds in two circumstances: first, in the absence of reward, where payment may
be used to recompense the donor for costs actually incurred in donating (that is, in order to
avoid financial losses as a result of donation); and second, in the presence of reward, where
some forms of reward (monetary or otherwise) may in fact co-exist with altruistic intent.
The pressure for B2B marketers is on. Modern B2B buyers have an increasing tendency and capacity to
research purchasing decisions online long before they engage with Sales. They are empowered with
information, and are reluctant from a persistently struggling economy. Winning over modern B2B buyers
requires organizations to revolutionize their marketing approach, and
the barriers to success are vast.
Facing great scrutiny, we must act on the buyer’s terms, tie all
activities into revenue, and continually optimize performance.
This study of a large, nationally representative sample of Australian women who had recently
given birth provides the first examination of consultancy patterns across conventional
maternity care providers and CAM practitioners during pregnancy. The study presents four
key findings. First, the study reveals a substantial level of CAM practitioner use with nearly
half of the pregnant women consulting a CAM practitioner concurrent to conventional
AI refers to several different procedures, all of which involve inserting sperm into a woman’s
body, the differences referring to whether the sperm is placed in her vagina, uterus, cervix or
fallopian tubes. AI can also be combined with hormonal drugs to stimulate production of
multiple eggs to increase likelihood that one of them will be fertilized. AI can be done at home
with a syringe or in a medical setting.
Though there exists a body of feminist film making in Hindi cinema, the leading lady of Hindi films has more or
less played defined roles which conform to the values upheld by Indian society. Women in Bollywood have been
uni-dimensional characters, who are good or bad, white or black. There are no shades of grey. This dichotomy
was reinforced in popular films which distinguished between the heroine and the vamp, the wife and the other
woman. Films have also been inspired to a large extent from religion and mythology whereby women characters
were seen as the epitome of virtue and...
Income tax rates are at the center of many recent policy debates over taxes. Some policymakers
argue that raising tax rates, especially on higher income taxpayers, to increase tax revenues is part
of the solution for long-term debt reduction. For example, in the 112th
Congress the Senate passed
the Middle Class Tax Cut (S. 3412), which would allow the 2001 and 2003 Bush-era tax cuts to
expire for taxpayers with income over $250,000 ($200,000 for single taxpayers). Other
policymakers argue that maintaining low tax rates is necessary to foster economic growth.
Indeed calls from investors for increased
ESG disclosure have been growing louder. In
April 2009 Eurosif, the European Sustainable
Investment Forum, issued a public policy
position paper to recommend the European
Commission encourage greater corporate
transparency on ESG issues including a call
for European institutions to mandate
disclosure of ESG data by publicly traded,
. Such reporting would be
principles-based and use a limited number of
standardised Key Performance Indicators
(KPIs), some of which would be sector
With outside runs, bury the wire along the pen border at least 12" deep, and toe the fence outward about
6 inches. This stops most predators from digging under the fence. Animals always dig at the base of a
fence. By toeing the fence outward and burying it, the predator digs down right into more fencing. Some
people run electric fencing around the outside of their pens 4" off the ground about one foot from the
main fence to discourage predators. If your outside runs are not predator-proof, you need to lock up your
poultry before dark.
When comparing CBE to some of the more traditional models of education (Fig. 2), three
fundamentally different characteristics emerge. First, CBE explicitly maps the specific health
needs of the populations to a set of competencies for the workforce to be trained. In other words,
it guides decisions about what graduates of the educational programs must be able to do, in order
to address the key health issues of the community.
Public health achieved considerable health improvements in the 19th
Century with for
example, treatment and legislation relating to water supply, sewage disposal and safer food. In
the last century this legacy was extended with improvements in nutrition, the introduction of
antibiotics and the sulphonamide drugs, early childhood vaccinations, the introduction of
legislation on the compulsory use of seat belt and tobacco controls and taxation etc.
The main method followed for this review included searching by
snowballing and pubmed, collecting and reviewing published and
unpublished materials on MNCH interventions. Recent evaluations and
relevant documentations of different MNCH programmes were also
consulted. Around 100 published articles from books, booklets, journals,
reports, leaflets and web pages were reviewed.
Available as a dust, wettable powder, and emulsifiable concentrate, permethrin is used on more than 10
percent of the birds (layers, breeders, pullets) treated for ectoparasites. Treatment is most often applied
to birds at a rate of 1 gallon of spray (0.004 pound of active ingredient) spray per 100 birds. Premise
application at the same concentration is made at a rate of 1 to 2 gallons spray per 1,000 square feet of
surface area. Dust formulations (0.25 percent) are applied to birds (dust boxes) and premises (litter) at a
rate of 1 pound (0.003 pound of active ingredient) per 100...
Childhood obesity is a global epidemic and rising trends in overweight and obesity
are apparent in both developed and developing countries. Available estimates for
the period between the 1980s and 1990s show the prevalence of overweight and
obesity in children increased by a magnitude of two to ﬁve times in developed
countries (e.g. from 11% to over 30% in boys in Canada), and up to almost four
times in developing countries (e.g. from 4% to 14% in Brazil).
Schools have an important role to play in equipping children with the knowledge,
attitudes, and skills they need to protect their health. Skills-based health education is part
of the FRESH framework (Focusing Resources on Effective School Health), proposed and
supported by WHO, UNICEF, UNESCO, UNFPA, and the World Bank. This document was
published jointly by agencies that support the FRESH initiative, and emphasises the role
of schools, however this document will also be relevant to out of school settings.
In addition to the discussions on whether a two-pronged approach should be adopted, the session also offers an
opportunity to discuss which gender issues should be prioritized in a future development agenda. There has been a call
to focus on women’s strategic priorities which will help to transform women’s lives in the long-term. It has also been
suggested that the new goals should reflect an understanding that women’s poverty is, in part, a result of their socially
enforced gender roles and relations.
For more than half of small businesses (58 percent), their social media efforts meet their
expectations. Over a quarter (28 percent) feel their expectations have not been met, and 8
percent feel social media exceeds their expectations. This has not changed much in the past six
What has changed is what small businesses’ expect to achieve with social media. Instead of the
lofty goal of social media identifying and attracting new customers, small businesses’ biggest
expectation from social media now is just to raise awareness of their business.
E-tribes or virtual communities: whatever one
chooses to call them, at least one thing seems assured.
With 51 per cent of Internet users using the Web
daily, and exponential global growth rates for new
users, prodigious growth in the quantity, interests,
and influence of virtual communities is guaranteed.
Unlikely to replace physical encounters, or information
from traditional media, online interactions
are becoming an important supplement to social and
In China, either small farmers bring their cows to the station or the cows are housed near the
milking facility – to allow cows managed by households to be milked by machine and have the
milk go directly to a refrigerated bulk tank. There are also a growing number of medium-sized
specialized household farms with 200-10004 cows. These are often private farmers within reasonable
transportation distances from major consuming areas. These farmers also have mechanized milking, cold
storage, and highly productive animals (5000-7000 litres/head/year).
General meeting. An Annual General Meeting (AGM) of shareholders must be held at least
once in a calendar year and the time between two AGMs should not exceed 15 months
(extendable up to three months with approval, except for first AGM). A company may hold its first
AGM within 18 months from the date of incorporation and, in such a case, it will not be
necessary to hold an AGM in the year of incorporation or the following year. Among the business
to be addressed at an AGM is approval by the shareholders of the audited financial statements
Theoretical development in the area of health change in an older population began
with the realization that the rapid mortality decline among the old beginning in the
late 1960s could be linked to important population health consequences (15, 75).
Fries (36) generated some of the interest in trends in health with his promotion
of the idea that there was an ongoing “compression of morbidity.