In popular usage the term ‘profession’ has a wide variety of connotations,
spanning from a highly skilled and specialized job to any fulltime work from
which income is derived (Freidson 1986). The boundaries of interpretation are
narrower in sociology, but sociologists have also still to reach agreement about
the meaning of the term ‘profession’ and the related question of which
occupations are to count as professions.
ALTRUISM AND THE FAMILY FIRM : SOME THEORY Columns E and F explore the impact of varying the sample definition. In Column
E, the basic model is estimated on public schools only, while in Column F the 18 MSAs that
have only a single district are excluded. The choice-peer group interaction coefficient is
again negative in each of these specifications, significantly so (and with a substantially larger
point estimate than in the basic specifications) in the latter case.
However, an altruistic basis for donation does not necessarily exclude other approaches:
systems based on altruism and systems involving some form of payment are not mutually
exclusive. This holds in two circumstances: first, in the absence of reward, where payment may
be used to recompense the donor for costs actually incurred in donating (that is, in order to
avoid financial losses as a result of donation); and second, in the presence of reward, where
some forms of reward (monetary or otherwise) may in fact co-exist with altruistic intent.
The pressure for B2B marketers is on. Modern B2B buyers have an increasing tendency and capacity to
research purchasing decisions online long before they engage with Sales. They are empowered with
information, and are reluctant from a persistently struggling economy. Winning over modern B2B buyers
requires organizations to revolutionize their marketing approach, and
the barriers to success are vast.
Facing great scrutiny, we must act on the buyer’s terms, tie all
activities into revenue, and continually optimize performance.
This study of a large, nationally representative sample of Australian women who had recently
given birth provides the first examination of consultancy patterns across conventional
maternity care providers and CAM practitioners during pregnancy. The study presents four
key findings. First, the study reveals a substantial level of CAM practitioner use with nearly
half of the pregnant women consulting a CAM practitioner concurrent to conventional
Essentials of Statistics for the Social and Behavioral Sciences distills the overwhelming amount of material covered in introductory statistics courses into a handy, practical resource for students and professionals. This accessible guide covers basic to advanced concepts in a clear, concrete, and readable style.
Essentials of Statistics for the Social and Behavioral Sciences guides you to a better understanding of basic concepts of statistical methods. Numerous practical tips are presented for selecting appropriate statistical procedures.
In addition to the discussions on whether a two-pronged approach should be adopted, the session also offers an
opportunity to discuss which gender issues should be prioritized in a future development agenda. There has been a call
to focus on women’s strategic priorities which will help to transform women’s lives in the long-term. It has also been
suggested that the new goals should reflect an understanding that women’s poverty is, in part, a result of their socially
enforced gender roles and relations.
AI refers to several different procedures, all of which involve inserting sperm into a woman’s
body, the differences referring to whether the sperm is placed in her vagina, uterus, cervix or
fallopian tubes. AI can also be combined with hormonal drugs to stimulate production of
multiple eggs to increase likelihood that one of them will be fertilized. AI can be done at home
with a syringe or in a medical setting.
For more than half of small businesses (58 percent), their social media efforts meet their
expectations. Over a quarter (28 percent) feel their expectations have not been met, and 8
percent feel social media exceeds their expectations. This has not changed much in the past six
What has changed is what small businesses’ expect to achieve with social media. Instead of the
lofty goal of social media identifying and attracting new customers, small businesses’ biggest
expectation from social media now is just to raise awareness of their business.
Though there exists a body of feminist film making in Hindi cinema, the leading lady of Hindi films has more or
less played defined roles which conform to the values upheld by Indian society. Women in Bollywood have been
uni-dimensional characters, who are good or bad, white or black. There are no shades of grey. This dichotomy
was reinforced in popular films which distinguished between the heroine and the vamp, the wife and the other
woman. Films have also been inspired to a large extent from religion and mythology whereby women characters
were seen as the epitome of virtue and...
Contents Introduction This book The context 1 Good or bad by nature? Empathy and sympathy 2 What is my price? Integrity as supply and demand 3 Bagels at work: honesty and dishonesty 4 Egoism versus altruism: the theory of the warm glow and the helping hand 5 What you expect is what you get: the Pygmalion and Golem effects 6 Self-image and behavior: the Galatea effect 7 Self-knowledge and mirages: self-serving biases and the dodo effect 8 Apples, barrels and orchards: dispositional, situational and systemic causes Factor 1: clarity 9 Flyers and norms: cognitive stimuli 10 The Ten Commandment...
E-tribes or virtual communities: whatever one
chooses to call them, at least one thing seems assured.
With 51 per cent of Internet users using the Web
daily, and exponential global growth rates for new
users, prodigious growth in the quantity, interests,
and influence of virtual communities is guaranteed.
Unlikely to replace physical encounters, or information
from traditional media, online interactions
are becoming an important supplement to social and
In China, either small farmers bring their cows to the station or the cows are housed near the
milking facility – to allow cows managed by households to be milked by machine and have the
milk go directly to a refrigerated bulk tank. There are also a growing number of medium-sized
specialized household farms with 200-10004 cows. These are often private farmers within reasonable
transportation distances from major consuming areas. These farmers also have mechanized milking, cold
storage, and highly productive animals (5000-7000 litres/head/year).
In this important book, Erving Polster - coauthor of the landmark work "Gestalt Therapy Integrated" - greatly expands the therapeutic utility of the concept of self. A Population of Selves offers therapists new ways of thinking about the self, as well as specific procedures to help patients realize a powerful and healthy sense of self: a goal at the very heart of the therapeutic process. In an innovative expansion of therapeutic theory, Polster shows how the human reflex to summarize and animate experiences serves as a natural springboard for the formation of selves.
General meeting. An Annual General Meeting (AGM) of shareholders must be held at least
once in a calendar year and the time between two AGMs should not exceed 15 months
(extendable up to three months with approval, except for first AGM). A company may hold its first
AGM within 18 months from the date of incorporation and, in such a case, it will not be
necessary to hold an AGM in the year of incorporation or the following year. Among the business
to be addressed at an AGM is approval by the shareholders of the audited financial statements
Theoretical development in the area of health change in an older population began
with the realization that the rapid mortality decline among the old beginning in the
late 1960s could be linked to important population health consequences (15, 75).
Fries (36) generated some of the interest in trends in health with his promotion
of the idea that there was an ongoing “compression of morbidity.
Despite the theoretical advantages of identifying individuals with
cognitive impairment, there is no evidence to indicate whether this
leads to a net benefit or risk to the individual. Although pharmaceutica
agents are able to produce measurable changes in cognitive
performance in people with Alzheimer’s disease, none has been shown
to result consistently in clinically significant improvement. The high
cost of investigation to exclude reversible causes of dementia, and the
negative effects of labelling are examples of potential harm.
For this, credit is due to a set of economists and water quality engineers who were
actively exploring the application of taxes to the problems of large, polluted watersheds. In the
mid-1960s, large studies of the Delaware River Estuary were undertaken to assess, among other
things, the desirability of using effluent charges to control pollutants. In 1967, Johnson reported
that a “zoned” effluent charge program (where different tax levels were applied in different
zones along the estuary) would cost half as much as a “uniform treatment” regulation.
Applied Ethics is now acknowledged as a field of study in its own right.
Much of its recent development has resulted from rethinking traditional
medical ethics in the light of new moral problems arising out of advances
in medical science and technology. Applied philosophers, ethicists and
lawyers have devoted considerable energy to exploring the dilemmas
emerging from modern health care practices and their effects on the
If people express concerns it is worth agreeing to meet them in person and talking through the event
with them so that they understand in detail how they may be affected. If there’s a particular business
which you foresee could be a problem, for example a courier firm with vehicles coming and going
throughout the day, approach them in person first and see if they’re willing to work with you and
reduce (or eliminate) the number of vehicle movements.
Some businesses may need to be alerted to the fact that they could benefit from the event (eg a...