American economic

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  • This year's Latin American Economic Outlook focuses on those in the middle of the income distribution in Latin America. If these middle sectors have stable employment and reasonably robust incomes, then, arguably, they provide a solid foundation for economic progress. Moreover, following the political role often attributed to the middle classes by historians and sociologists, they might also support moderate but progressive political platforms in Latin America's democracies.

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  • Stock Markets, Banks, and Economic Growth Ross Levine; Sara Zervos The American Economic Review, Vol. 88, No. 3. (Jun., 1998), pp. 537-558. Stable URL: The American Economic Review is currently published by American Economic Association. Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use, available at

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  • Electronic commerce (business transactions on the Web) and the information technology (IT) industries that make “e-commerce” possible are growing and changing at breathtaking speed, fundamentally altering the way Americans produce, consume, communicate, and play. • Growth in the available measures of e-commerce (e.g., estimates of the value of e-commerce business transactions) is outpacing last year’s most optimistic projections. As a share of the retail portion of the economy, however, e-commerce remains quite small-- less than 1 percent....

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  • I would like to thank Dr. James Ciment, who recommended me to ABC-CLIO as editor for The American Economy: A Historical Encyclopedia. During the course of this project, numerous people have provided invaluable advice, assistance, and encouragement, for which I am grateful. I offer a special thanks to Drs.Walt Rostow, Sidney Weintraub, Robert Fairbanks, Alfred E. Eckes Jr., and Spencer Tucker for serving on the Board of Advisers.

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  • Ten years ago when I wrote the foreword to the first edition of this book, the concept of women’s health was changing at a rapid pace. The focus was just shifting from solely reproductive issues and biological factors, to an expanded perception that women’s health encompasses biological, familial, cultural, economic, emotional, psychological, and behavioral elements of each woman and her sociopolitical environment, beyond just the reproductive organs and across her entire lifespan.

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  • Over the last 15 years, business history has exploded as a discipline, while much business history also was made during the boom economy of the 1990s. As a result, the need for a business history encyclopedia has become more important as a means of chronicling these events and showing their antecedents, stretching back to American independence.

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  • The United States has seen major advances in medical care over the past decades, but access to care at an affordable cost is not universal. Many Americans lack health care insurance of any kind, and many others with insurance are nonetheless exposed to financial risk because of high premiums, deductibles, co-pays, limits on insurance payments, and uncovered services. One might expect that the U.S. poverty measure would capture these financial effects and trends in them over time.

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  • American constitutional law, to paraphrase Charles Evans Hughes, is what the Supreme Court says it is. But of course it is much more than that. Constitutional law is constantly informed by numerous actors’ understandings of the meaning of the United States Constitution. Lawyers, judges, politicians, academicians, and, of course, citizens all contribute to the dialogue that produces constitutional law. Consequently, the Constitution remains a vital part of American public life, continuously woven into the fabric of our history, politics, and culture.

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  • This handbook on global economic policy is one in a set of six global policy handbooks. The other five deal with technology, social, political, international, and legal policy. Public policy studies in the past have tended to emphasize domestic policy, rather than cross-national policy. This is especially true of American policy studies which tend to be especially nation-bound. This is also true to some extent of policy studies in France, Russia, China, Brazil, and elsewhere.

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  • Throughout this paper, we consider a valuation method for contingent claims taking control of shortfall risk into account in the framework of complete market models. After giving a general form of the valuation, we shall deal with models whose underlying assets are described by diffusion processes, and obtain a result for American type claims

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  • The U.S. economy is highly dynamic: businesses open and close, workers switch jobs and start new enterprises, and innovative technologies redefine the workplace and enhance productivity. With globalization markets have also become more interconnected. Measuring business activity in this rapidly evolving environment increasingly requires tracking complex interactions among firms, establishments, employers, and employees.

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  • Led by GWSB Dean Doug Guthrie, 16 MBA students from GW, Georgetown, Howard, and American universities conducted a study of strategic economic opportunities across seven economic sectors in the District and its region.

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  • C H A P T E R F I F T E E N American Economics to 1900 To judge by the distribution of Nobel Prizes in economics over the past three decades or so, it would appear that American economics – for good or ill – has come to occupy a position of world preeminence. This has not always been so.

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  • Tham khảo sách 'masterpieces of american wit and humor edited by thomas l. masson', kinh doanh - tiếp thị, quản trị kinh doanh phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • For most countries, data on GDP were not available before 1914, and therefore, proxy variables, such as Gross National Product (GNP) or Net National Product (NNP), were used for computing debt ratios in the earlier years. From 1914 through 1980, GDP data for most countries were mainly sourced from Mitchell (2003). 7 Government publications were also used for collecting GDP data for some countries, including Canada, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

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  • These factors have had the effect of slowing or declining  international student enrolments,  with prospects of worse to come. The effects of policy‐induced changes to student visas and  skilled migration,  the most  important  of which  came  into  effect  only  quite  recently,  are  likely to be only seen in the coming months.  Higher  education was  the  prime  initiator  of  the  international  student  export  success  and  remains the most economically significant part of the whole sector.

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  • Presumably, the amount of observable discrimination against minorities in wages and employment depends not only on tastes for discrimination, but also on other variables, such as the degree of competition and civil rights legislation. However, aside from the important theory of compensating differentials originated by Adam Smith, and a few major studies like Myr- dal’s American Dilemma [1944], there was little else available in the 1950s to build on to analyze how prejudice and other variables interact. ...

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  • The Project Gutenberg EBook of Masterpieces Of American Wit And Humor Edited by Thomas L. Masson Copyright laws are changing all over the world. Be sure to check the copyright laws for your country before downloading or redistributing this or any other Project Gutenberg eBook. This header should be the first thing seen when viewing this Project Gutenberg file. Please do not remove it. Do not change or edit the header without written permission.

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  • In the eleven years since the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) took effect, the continent has undergone two major transformations: economic and social integration has accelerated, due in large part to NAFTA, and 9/11 exposed the vulnerabilities of integration. All this occurred in the absence of new modes o

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  • I have laid out a detailed plan in my Budget to restrain spending, cut earmarks, and balance the budget by 2012 without raising taxes. Second, we must trust Americans with the responsibility of homeownership and empower them to weather turbulent times in the market. My Administration has acted aggressively to help credit-worthy homeowners avoid foreclosure. We launched a new initiative called FHASecure to help families refinance their homes. I signed legislation to protect families from

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