Xem 1-11 trên 11 kết quả American psychologist
  • A science of positive subjective experience, positive individual traits, and positive institutions promises to improve quali~.' of life and prevent the pathologies that arise when life is barren and meaningless. The exclusive focus on pathology that has dominated so much of our discipline results in a model of the human being lacking the positive features that make life worth living. Hope, wisdom, creativity, future mindedness, courage, spirituality, responsibility, and perseverance are ignored or explained as transformations of more authentic negative impulses.

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  • Psychologist Margaret Hagen, a professor and medical industry insider, details the very real danger of this booming business. In every state, a child can be taken away from a parent on the strength of five minutes of "neutral" testimony from a social worker. A criminal suspect’s freedom or incarceration can depend on a superficial psychological examination performed by an incompetent, overworked, or, at worst, paid-off psychologist.

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  • Cultural diversity is one of the most important topics in the world today. Here in the United States, we live, work, and play with an increasing number of people from all cultures, countries, and walks of life. New immigrants alone make up 10% of the total U.S. population, and that does not include all of the cultural diversity that has existed in this country for decades. In many other countries as well—in Europe, Africa, Asia, and Oceania—people of different countries and cultures come together more today than ever before.

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  • In 1899, the famous American psychologist, William James published a little book called Talks to Teachers , in which he sought to explain how to apply psychology to education — that is, he sought to use what he called “ the science of the mind ’ s workings ” to generate practical advice for classroom teachers. At the time, the book was not much of a success, largely for two reasons: (a) there was a lack of research evidence on how learning works (that is, the science of learning), and (b) there was a lack of research - based principles concerning how to help people learn (that is,...

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  • Industrial psychology began almost as soon as psychology had developed enough of a science for it to be applied to industry. As early as the 1890s, Hugo Munsterberg, the German American psychologist, was involved with the selection of street car operators (cf. Koppes, 2007), and by the 1920s, business applications of psychology in employee selection, advertising, and organizational design were thriving. Industrial psychology was one of the four original specialties of the American Board of Professional Psychology (ABPP) in 1947.

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  • The Psychologist’s Companion is intended for students as well as young professionals and writers at all stages of their careers seeking inspiration and guidelines for better scientific writing. This book is also a resource for researchers in related fields.

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  • From its inception as a brief journal article in 1929, the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association has been designed to advance scholarship by setting sound and rigorous standards for scientific communication. The creators of the 1929 manuscript included psychologists, anthropologists, and business managers who convened under the sponsorship of the National Research Council. They sought to establish a simple set of procedures, or style rules, that would codify the many components of scientific writing to increase the ease of reading comprehension.

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  • As a long-standing advocate for understanding issues of cultural and ethnic diversity, I have served as President of APA Division 45, Society for the Psychological Study of Ethnic Minority Issues, and currently chair the American Psychological Association’s Commission for the Recruitment, Retention and Training of Ethnic Minorities implementation task force (CEMRRAT2). Both of these organizations were instrumental in the approval of the APA Multicultural Guidelines for Practice and the promotion of empirical research addressing mental health issues of ethnic minority clinical populations.

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  • Psychology at the beginning of the twenty-“rst century has become a highly diverse “eld of scienti“c study and applied technology. Psychologists commonly regard their discipline as the science of behavior, and the American Psychological Association has formally designated 2000 to 2010 as the •Decade of Behavior.ŽThe pursuits of behavioral scientists range from the natural sciences to the social sciences and embrace a wide variety of objects of investigation.

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  • Media Psychology examines the impact that 21st century media use has on human behavior, from teenage crushes on pop stars to soap fandom in adulthood. It brings together North American communication research with European media research in a variety of disciplines--psychology, sociology, communication and media studies--and in doing so, maps out the territory for media psychology. David Giles argues that psychologists have been guilty of ignoring the influence of the media over the last century, seeing it at best as a minor nuisance that will eventually go away.

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  • The effect of movies on the appearance of children as witnesses in German courts is particularly noticeable. Children, juveniles, and adults were asked by Petra Wolf what they knew about courts. The source of information they most often mentioned was movies, especially American crime movies and courtroom dramas. A group of psychologists from Kiel who published a book for the preparation of children as witnesses found out that, even after seeing pictures of a German courtroom, children still believed that the judge would have a gavel or at least wear a wig.

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