Xem 1-20 trên 93 kết quả American women
  • Ten years ago when I wrote the foreword to the first edition of this book, the concept of women’s health was changing at a rapid pace. The focus was just shifting from solely reproductive issues and biological factors, to an expanded perception that women’s health encompasses biological, familial, cultural, economic, emotional, psychological, and behavioral elements of each woman and her sociopolitical environment, beyond just the reproductive organs and across her entire lifespan.

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  • Did you know that every 13 seconds one of America’s 70 million gun owners uses a firearm in defense against a criminal? That American women use handguns 416 times a day in defense against rapists, which is a dozen times more often than rapists use a gun? That a gun kept in the home for protection is 216 times as likely to be

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  • As Christine Ammer notes, the underlying assumption of The Encyclopedia of Women’s Health, her classic and concise reference for women’s health, is that “every woman wants to take responsibility for her own health.” By helping us understand how our bodies work, the marvel of our bodies’ normal functions and the profound consequences of its malfunctions, and the care and treatments available to us, she helps us to take charge of our own health.

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  • About one-third of American women will eventually have a hysterectomy, the second most common surgery after cesarean section. Why so common? Basically, hysterectomy can cure a variety of uterine problems: ✿ Fibroids. Hysterectomy is most often recommended for serious cases of fibroids (benign tumors that grow in the uterus wall). Fibroids can grow large and may cause great pain and heavy bleeding. Depending on the severity, physicians and patients may decide to try treatments other than hysterectomy. In a surgery called myomectomy, the fibroids are removed but the uterus stays in place.

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  • Previous interventions had been aimed at mothers of children, using participation in the WIC program as a channel for communication. The formative research and conversations with the African American community suggested that grandmothers were more frequently the chitterlings preparers and would serve as role models to younger women. Thus, the primary target audience was women who prepare chitterlings — older, African American women who, as grandmothers, are often also caregivers for infants.

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  • In 1990, four of the ten leading causes of death in American women were chronic diseases directly associated with modifiable behavioral factors including physical inactivity or sedentary lifestyle. They were heart disease, certain forms of cancer (specifically, breast and colon cancers), cerebrovascular disease (hypertension and stroke), and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) (National Center for Health Statistics, 1993).

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  • At the Sixth Southern Conference on Women’s History in Athens, Georgia, in June 2003, the depth and breadth of the research presented was impressive. 1 As we assembled the very best of the expanded conference papers, representing the cutting edge of scholarship on southern women’s history, we were inspired by a story from the front lines rather than the archives, a contemporary drama of African American labor union women creating and confronting change in the Mississippi Delta.

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  • The relationship between physical activity and breast cancer is less clear, but several studies in American women suggest that risk may be lowered in those who are habitually active. An extensive review of this subject is now available including international studies (Kramer & Wells, 1996). Only studies utilizing American subjects are reviewed here. In 1985, Frisch et al. assessed prevalence of breast cancer in 5,398 former collegiate women athletes and nonathletes from 10 colleges and universities from classes spanning 56 years.

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  • The life story of Mary Eliza Mahoney has not been adequately preserved and recorded by historians, and this is unfortunate. Perhaps racism caused historians to overlook her contributions to the field of nursing. Perhaps it was her insistence on a private life. The history of this amazing African-American woman, however, is too important to forget. Her work and pioneering efforts in nursing and in helping African-American women to be accepted into the nursing field have certainly impacted our lives today.

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  • When the 2007 World Cup was allocated to PR China, the country which had staged the fi rst offi cial competition for female players in 1991, the president of the international governing body of football, Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), Joseph ‘Sepp’ Blatter, remarked that women’s football was ‘returning to its roots’.1 The Asian philosophy of revisiting, of continually ‘dusting the mirror’, informed this investigation into the international status of women’s football....

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  • The very title of Jean Lau Chin's book—Learning from My Mother's Voice—both honors her mother, a courageous woman who immigrated to the United States from China, and indicates her mother's primary role within the text as she describes life both in China and in the United States, as well as her own immigration journey. It is a tribute to her mother and other women who experienced immigration then and now. Examining the life of one's mother often means the exploration of geography (i.e., place), time period, and people central to her life.

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  • A great English writer[1] in a lecture on America and the Americans said that when an American gets to heaven he will not be satisfied unless he can move farther west. [Footnote 1: Charles Dickens.] He said this because it has been so much the custom of our people to "move West." It is not so common now as it was a few years ago because the great public lands, free to those who would settle on them or plant trees, are mostly occupied. The Lincoln family a couple of hundred years ago first "moved west" from England to Massachusetts; then they moved west again to Pennsylvania;...

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  • Nutrition is one of the most important factors that impact health in all areas of the lifecycle. Pregnant women need adequate food and health care to deliver a healthy baby who has a good birth weight and a fighting chance for survival. In many regions of the world, the infant mortality rate is very high, meaning that many infants will not live to see their first birthday. Breastfeeding is the ideal method of feeding and nurturing infants, because breast milk contains many immunologic agents that protect the infant against bacteria, viruses, and parasites.

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  • The authors would like to acknowledge the valuable contributions and support of the following individuals, teams, and institutions: PAHO’s Janete da Silva and Cathy Cuellar; PATH’s Colleen Conroy, Willow Gerber, and Rebeca Quiroga; and CDC’s James A. Mercy, Associate Director for Science, Division of Violence Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, and Mark Anderson, Division of Emergency and Environmental Health Services, National Center for Environmental Health, for reviewing and commenting on the manuscript drafts.

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  • The curriculum vitae of Alice Turner Schafer lists two specializations: abstract algebra (group theory) and women in mathematics. As early as her high school years Alice exhibited a love for mathematics and an interest in teaching as a career. As a mathematics educator she championed the full participation of women in mathematics.

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  • Nearly two-thirds of American women are overweight and unhealthy! Why? Because they eat too much processed sugars, empty calories, and saturated fats, and not enough fresh fruits and vegetables. In other words, their pH balance is totally out of wack. World renowned physician and author of the popular "Lark Letter" newsletter, Dr. Lark's latest book Eat Papayas Naked provides an easy plan for women to bring their bodies into proper pH balance.

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  • If a patient has previously undergone a hysterectomy, the cervix is usually no longer present and only a vaginal cuff remains. If the pathology was benign, then the patient no longer requires Pap smears (11). However, if the hysterectomy was performed for cervical cancer or dysplasia, cervical cancer screening on the vaginal cuff should continue since remnants of cervical tissue may be present. These women are also at higher risk for vaginal in- traepithelial neoplasia (VAIN) and vaginal cancer.

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  • Research has suggested a link between nutritional deficiencies in early (including prenatal) life, and the development of chronic diseases—cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, stroke, cancer, and osteoporosis, among others—some decades later (World Health Organization 2000a, 2000b; Jacoby 2004). A possible link between early nutritional deficiencies and obesity has also been suggested, and it remains an area of ongoing research (Pan American Health Organization 2003).

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  • The U.S. is committed to aligning GHI investments with partner country plans and strategies, primarily through tech- nical assistance, project-level support, and capacity-building of governments and other local institutions. GHI’s capac- ity-building investments include support for policy development, implementation, management, research, monitoring, and evaluation. In countries where the private sector is a vital partner in providing health care, the U.S.

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  • Experts have made recommendations to incorporate nutrition as an essential component of primary health care, stressing that programs to deal with women’s nutritional problems must be based on a life cycle approach. The nutritional needs of women substantially change during the different stages of their lives. A life cycle approach allows a better recognition of specific nutritional needs at every stage of women’s lives, as well as a more comprehensive understanding of the cumulative effects of poor nutrition on women’s health.

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