Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học General Psychiatry cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: The relationship between antipsychotic medication adherence and patient outcomes among individuals diagnosed with bipolar disorder: a retrospective study...
Genomics and other "omics” technologies have largely contributed to the identification and the
development of biomarkers. Due to genetic causes of variability among individuals, genotyping
and gene expression analysis are indeed key elements of the emergence of personalised medicine.
However, genomic technologies have limitations (functional significance of genetic variants,
false negatives, etc) and cannot encompass all approaches for the development of stratification
General Practitioners are usually the first medical point of contact for elderly people, but
some doctors may fail to diagnose alcohol misuse in a population where there are other
urgent medical matters and some believe that it may be better for the individual to
continue in their established pattern of drinking as altering it could be harmful. Elderly
patients may show reluctance at disclosing their alcohol intake and relatives may wish to
hide the evidence of the misuse of alcohol and deny the existence of the problem.
Human Behavior and the Social Environment content views human development and behavior from a person in environment perspective and includes theories and knowledge focusing on the interactions between and among individuals, groups, societies and economic systems.
The biologic phenotype underlying chronic periodontitis, including the biofilm and the host
response, tend to vary among individuals despite a similar clinical diagnostic category
(Offenbacher et al. 2007). Consequently, disease screening should ideally be based on
clinical determinations and the biologic phenotype (Page and Kornman 1997). Other
associated factors include environmental exposures, as well as differences in genetic and
possibly epigenetic composition (Page and Kornman 1997).
In general, the health status at old age has an important individual and social relevance. The
vulnerability is increasing by physiological and morphological changes in the organism and
central nervous system during the ageing process. The indicators of physiological health are
based on prevalence of disabilities and causes of death. In Germany the main causes of death
are circulatory diseases, neoplasms, diseases of respiratory system and diseases of digestive
system (Statistisches Bundesamt 2007a; Nolte, Shkolinikov & McKee 2000).
The natural customer-supplier linkages among individuals, departments, and functions build up the “chain of customers” throughout an organization that connect every individual and function to the external customers and consumers, thus characterizing the organization’s value chain
Option trading enjoyed explosive growth during the late
1990s and into the start of the new millennium, particularly
among individuals. Traders whose bankrolls were fattened by
the great bull market in stocks fueled part of this growth. Having
enjoyed great success in the stock market, many people decided
to try to increase their gains by accessing the leverage associated
Harrison's Internal Medicine Chapter 5. Principles of Clinical Pharmacology
Principles of Clinical Pharmacology: Introduction
Drugs are the cornerstone of modern therapeutics. Nevertheless, it is well recognized among physicians and among the lay community that the outcome of drug therapy varies widely among individuals. While this variability has been perceived as an unpredictable, and therefore inevitable, accompaniment of drug therapy, this is not the case.
How different levels of
genetic variance affect the rate of evolutionary change within populations has also been
intensively studied. Such changes were originally studied using phenotypic markers:
variation among individual plants in traits, such as leaf shape or flower color (Ward et al.,
2008). Subsequently the detection of genetic variation has become more sensitive, firstly
through the utilization of variation in enzymes (allozymes) and then through PCR-based
marker systems allowing direct examination of DNA sequence variation.
While many HIV-infected individuals do not wish to have children, others desire children despite their
infected status. The desire and intent to have children among HIV-infected individuals may increase
because of improved quality of life and survival following commencement of anti-retroviral treatment. In
developing countries such as South Africa, where the largest number of people living with HIV/AIDS
worldwide reside, specific government reproductive health policy and service provision for HIV-infected
individuals is underdeveloped.
Increasing physiological and psychological impairments with age does not mean that
ageing is equivalent with illness, diseases or dependency. In fact, earlier studies could not
explore that a type or the pathogenesis of diseases is only caused by the ageing process
(Steinhagen-Thiessen & Borchelt 1996). Brody and Schneider (1986) distinguished between
age-dependent and age-related diseases. Age-dependent diseases are involved in the ageing
process and cause the exponentially increasing mortality risk with advanced age, for instance
heart and cerebrovascular diseases.
» Clear communication facilitates effective risk management. Establishing clear and open
lines of communication among interested parties across an organization helps ensure
that certain risks do not fall through the cracks and that data and information flowing
between business units (including, where relevant, external service providers such as the
custodian, fund accountant, and transfer agent) are understood by all to mean the same
» Organizational structures and policies themselves can serve as risk controls.
Seventh, the study is the only one which gives important policy implications,
reporting them in turn in each empirical chapter. This is the first study on Thailand which
discusses the effect of the Thai government’s encouragement of individual savings by
adopting special fund styles which give favourable tax treatment. We reveal the policy
implications of this action by assessing these specific funds in a separate group from general
funds, before comparing and discussing the results from the two groups. ...
Because there is no clear definition of the asthma
phenotype, researchers studying the development of this
complex disease turn to characteristics that can be
measured objectively, such as atopy (manifested as the
presence of positive skin-prick tests or the clinical
response to common environmental allergens), airway
hyperresponsiveness (the tendency of airways to narrow
excessively in response to triggers that have little or no
effect in normal individuals), and other measures of
Alfred Hitchcock’s Rear Window is an extended exercise in the use of Point of View camera and
editing. The entire film takes place in one location as the main character is confined to a wheel chair
and observes the world through his window. Throughout the film, we see events through the
viewpoint of the main character as he spies on his neighbours. In this scene, a series of point of view
shots allow us to see a murder mystery unfold.
Genetic diversity is the fundamental source of biodiversity – the total number of genetic
characters contributing to variation within species. In other words it is the measure that
quantifies the variation found within a population of a given species. Genetic diversity
among individuals reflects the presence of different alleles in the gene pool, and hence
different genotypes within populations. Genetic diversity should be distinguished from
genetic variability, which describes the tendency of genetic traits found within populations
to vary (Laikre et al., 2009).
The ownership of insurers and the scope of their activities may also pose market challenges.
While competition is arguably limited by the presence of few players, such as in the Irish insurance system,
the existence of several players is not the only measure of market competitiveness. Mobility across insurers
is low in many OECD countries. It is also sometimes challenging to establish incentives for “healthy” and
equitable competition among PHI insurers, as they face incentives to concentrate on good risks, thereby
failing to cover more vulnerable individuals.
As life expectancy continues to rise, one of the
greatest challenges of public health is to improve
the quality of later years of life. The aim of this
present study was to analyze the quality of life
profile of the elderly across different demographic
and socioeconomic factors. A cross-sectional
study was carried out in two stages, involving
1,958 individuals aged 60 years or more. Health
related quality of life (HRQOL) was assessed using
the SF-36 questionnaire.