Being first in line earns a devoted fan the best seat in the stadi-
um. The first runner to break the ribbon spanning the finish
line receives a gold medal. The firstborn child inherits the royal
throne. Certain advantages or privileges often accompany being the
first, but sometimes the price paid is considerable.
The Project Management Institute, Inc. (PMI) standards and guideline publications, of which the document
contained herein is one, are developed through a voluntary consensus standards development process. This
process brings together volunteers and/or seeks out the views of persons who have an interest in the topic
covered by this publication.
Why did I decide to write this book? As an undergraduate student I could not
make up my mind whether I wanted to be a zoologist or a botanist, so I decided to
adopt ecology, in its broadest sense, as my area of interest. This led me to think
about interactions among organisms and to try to look at ecosystems from a
holistic, rather than from an autecological, point of view. As someone with little
formal training in mycology, my interest in fungi started during my doctoral
research, especially when attending university-wide lectures by C. T. Ingold,...
This study analyzes and provides empirical tests of early warning indicators
of banking and currency crises in emerging economies. The aim is
to identify key empirical regularities in the run-up to banking and currency
crises that would enable officials and private market participants
to recognize vulnerability to financial crises at an earlier stage. This, in
turn, should make it easier to motivate the corrective policy actions that
would prevent such crises from actually taking place.
Logic for Computer Science" provides an introduction to mathematical logic, with emphasis on proof theory and procedures for constructing formal proofs of formulae algorithmically. It is designed primarily for students, computer scientists, and, more generally, for mathematically inclined readers interested in the formalization of proofs and the foundations of automatic theorem proving. Since the main emphasis of the text is on the study of proof systems and algorithmic methods for constructing proofs, it contains features rarely found in other texts on logic.
A person is disqualified from acting as a member of the audit team if he or
she is an interested party or if confidence in his or her impartiality in relation
to the HEI subject to the audit comes under question. Disqualification is
determined in compliance with the provisions of the Administrative
Procedure Act (434/2003, Chapter 5, sections 27–29). According to good
administrative procedure, a disqualified person may not in any way participate
in the processing or evaluation of a matter.
Chemical Reference Materials: Setting the Standards for Ocean Science is
part of an evolving body of work being conducted by scientists and research
sponsors interested in ensuring the quality control of oceanographic
data. Chemical data collected during ongoing and future global
oceanographic studies and time-series efforts must be comparable over
time and among laboratories.
This occasional paper deﬁnes an approach to strategic planning and then illustrates how one might implement the approach to deﬁne alternative counterterrorism strategies, using RAND researchers and research as a resource. It should be of interest to those in the incoming administration as well as throughout the U.S. government interested in doing strategic planning. The paper is also a resource for those involved in deﬁning U.S. counterterrorism strategies inside and outside the U.S. government.
Every author owes debts more numerous than he can mention. Of some, he is
barely aware, though they are no less real for that. More troubling are those that
run so deeply that they cannot easily if ever be repaid, and certainly not by the
bare acknowledgment of their existence. Still, it remains important to mention
them, even if the gesture is brief and fleeting.
I first became interested in epistemological issues surrounding the law about
five years ago, having previously devoted myself to the philosophy of science
and applied epistemology....
Lotfi Zadeh, the father of fuzzy logic, coined the phrase computing with words (CWW) to describe a methodology in which the computation objects are words drawn from a natural language. This text explains how to implement CWW for making subjective judgments using the three components of a Perceptual Computer (encoder, CWW engines, and decoder) and then providing detailed applications. The coverage divides the content into application chapters and detail chapters, including brief summaries of detail chapters for readers more interested in applications.
The IWC program was a newscast by Bill Howard, and the news was particularly vicious that night. Bill, his big homely face leaning across a desk toward the viewer, talked in horrified tones of the "pest-sub" that had reputedly got stuck in the Suez and spread epidemic across Cairo. It was easy to assume, Bill told his audience, that the nations most interested in creating a crisis in the world right now had put the sub there to make an excuse to accuse us of the terror. It was undoubtedly really there, and was undoubtedly really of American make, and...
Prior to 1970, texts concerned with comparative and international issues
and dimensions were relatively rare. A few American commentators devoted
some attention to developments in sport in the then Soviet Union and also
produced, through assembled descriptive accounts, information on health,
physical education and recreation in a number of countries around the world.
After 1970, there was an increasing interest in international aspects of physical
education, testimony to which was the plethora of descriptive articles
contributed to professional journals by American physical educators.
Leonard Richardson somehow parlayed an interest in minutiae into a
career as a hacker and author. His work includes the Python library
Beautiful Soup, and two nonfiction books published by O’Reilly and Associates.
He lives in New York City.
(BQ) An invaluable reference book for anyone interested in the fascinating world of sport, containing over 5,000 terms relating to sport and exercise science. Coverage includes anatomy, physiology, physiotherapy, biology, sports medicine, sporting rules and regulations, governing bodies, health and fitness and banned substances.
The discovery of efficacious new human therapeutic agents is one of humanity’s most vital
tasks. It is an enormously demanding activity that requires creativity, a vast range of scientific
knowledge, and great persistence. It is also an exceedingly expensive activity. In an
ideal world, no education would be complete without some exposure to the ways in which
new medicines are discovered and developed. For those young people interested in science
or medicine, such knowledge is arguably mandatory....
The topic of business process outsourcing (BPO) has become controversial
and the subject of a great deal of media attention over the past year. As
an executive who has been using outsourcing as a business strategy for more
than a decade, the recent upsurge in interest in the topic was unexpected. Perhaps
the fact that 2004 is an election year has something to do with it. Or
maybe, as the authors point out, the convergence of a number of social and
technological factors has only recently made BPO an option for organizations
of nearly any size....
Lieber, P. Yang, and Z.L. Wang in USA by the end of 90’s, successful demonstration of such
a large variety of functional devices has lead to a rapidly growing interest in nanowire
researches around the world and to a steep increase in the number of annual publications
(the ISI-Thomson ‘Web of Science’ database reports over 800 papers published in the year
2009 under the combined keywords ‘nanowires & semiconductors’).
My interest in environmental pollution control microbiology began at MIT in
1948 when I realized that very little was known about this vital area of sanitary
engineering technology. I became a serious student of environmental pollution
control microbiology in 1950 when I began research on the microbiology and
the biochemistry of floe-forming bacteria in activated sludge. I must admit that
environmental pollution control microbiology has been my area of technical
specialization since 1950. It has been a most interesting experience that I have
The contents of this book are based loosely on presentations at a special symposium,
“Application of Interface Science to Environmental Pollution Control,”
held as part of the ACS National Meeting in Chicago, August 26–30, 2001. This
symposium offered an opportunity for researchers from a range of disciplines to
discuss the role of interface science in environmental remediation. The development
of an archival book based on this meeting is a timely contribution to a
burgeoning area of research that is now attracting the attention of a diverse research
Dr Samuel Johnson is reputed to have said
‘what is written without effort is in general read
without pleasure’. This edition of Principles and
Practice of Soil Science has certainly taken much
effort to complete, so I hope it will be enjoyed
and provide valuable information to as wide an
audience of interested readers as possible.