At the beginning of the national era the internal commerce of the United States gave small promise of the tremendous development it was to undergo during the ensuing century. There was as yet too little differentiation of occupation to give rise to a large interstate trade in native products, and the proximity of the greater part of the population to the seacoast made it cheaper and more convenient to carry on the small interstate trade that did exist by means of small sailing vessels plying along the coast. ...
This paper present an overview of some emerging trends in the application of NLP in the domain of the so-called Digital Humanities and discusses the role and nature of metadata, the annotation layer that is so characteristic of documents that play a role in the scholarly practises of the humanities. It is explained how metadata are the key to the added value of techniques such as text and link mining, and an outline is given of what measures could be taken to increase the chances for a bright future for the old ties between NLP and the humanities. There...
In contrast to the latest progress in speech recognition, the state-of-the-art in natural language generation for spoken language dialog systems is lagging behind. The core dialog managers are now more sophisticated; and natural-sounding and flexible output is expected, but not achieved with current simple techniques such as template-based systems. Portability of systems across subject domains and languages is another increasingly important requirement in dialog systems. This paper presents an outline of LEGEND, a system that is both portable and generates natural-sounding output. ...
A/ Aims and Objectives : By the end of the lesson , Ss will be able to write letters to their friends about their neighborhood . B / Teaching aids : Textbook , cards , chalks………. C / Procedure : I / Warm up : Revision - Ask Ss to put the outline for an informal letter in the correct order . - Prepare 6 cards with 6 outlines on them . - Call 6 Ss to hold them and stand in a random order - Ask some other Ss to rearrange them in the correct order . -...
In offering this book to teachers of elementary chemistry the authors lay no claim to any great originality. It has been their aim to prepare a text-book constructed along lines which have become recognized as best suited to an elementary treatment of the subject. At the same time they have made a consistent effort to make the text clear in outline, simple in style and language, conservatively modern in point of view, and thoroughly teachable.
This Implementation Manual has been developed to guide provinces who wish to use
Participatory Action Oriented Training (PAOT) as an IEC and community development tool to
improve water and sanitation and environment at the household level.
The Implementation Manual has been developed from experiences in pilots under the National
Target Program (NTPII) in Ninh Thuan and Dak Lak provinces as well as other applications of
PAOT in Vietnam.
The aims outlined here are completely interdependent. Students cannot be taught concepts, skills and processes unless they find their encounters with language meaningful. Students will not respect language and their use of it unless they feel it contributes to their sense of understanding of the world. In trying to achieve these objectives it is vital that teachers introduce students to texts which create a meaningful context and invite dialogue and interaction.
8 The Years of High Theory: II
8.1.1. The ﬁrst signs of dissent Marshall’s theoretical system, perhaps precisely because of his wish to understand the real world and his attempt to link social evolutionism to the utilitarian ethic, ended up by assuming an ambiguous character and provoked a critical reaction.
The density matrix offers an effective technique for dealing statistically with a
system consisting of many electrons using the quantum theory for an electron.
Amixed state consisting of a statistical distribution of various quantum states
can be specified by a set of probabilities pj with which the electron is found
in a quantum state j ji.
Structures of related data items.
Static entity (same size throughout program).
Consecutive group of memory locations.
Same name and type (int, char, etc.).
To refer to an element:
Specify array name and position number (index).
Format: arrayname[ position number ].
First element at position 0.
5 The Triumph of Utilitarianism and the Marginalist Revolution
5.1. The Marginalist Revolution
5.1.1. The ‘climax’ of the 1870s and 1880s The quarter century from the early 1870s was a period of contrasts. On the one hand, there was a continuation or, rather, an intensiﬁcation, of the process of deep structural change
Fortunately for you, there's Schaum's Outlines. More than 40 million students have trusted Schaum's to help them succeed in the classroom and on exams. Schaum's is the key to faster learning and higher grades in every subject. Each Outline presents all the essential course information in an easy-to-follow, topic-by-topic format. You also get hundreds of examples, solved problems, and practice exercises to test your skills.
China's Guangzhou Development District (GDD) will be the site of the new innovation cluster known as Sino-Singapore Guangzhou Knowledge City. Jointly developed by GDD and Singbridge of Singapore, Knowledge City will be an environmentally and technologically advanced city that hosts innovative
The present volume has been published with two main objects. The writer has attempted to exhibit, in outline,
the leading features of the international history of the two countries which, in 1707, became the United
Kingdom. Relations with England form a large part, and the heroic part, of Scottish history, relations with
Scotland a very much smaller part of English history.
This book is more than the record of an adventurous and useful life. It is an outline of the conditions of labour
in our greatest national industry during the last seventy years. It is the story of years of struggle to raise the
status and standard of life of the agricultural workers of England from a state of feudal serfdom to the
relatively high level now reached, mainly through the organization of the Agricultural Labourers' Union. In
that long struggle no single person has done more disinterested, solid and self-sacrificing work than my old
friend and colleague George Edwards.
This abstract outlines a parser implemented in a connectionist model of short term memory and reasoning 1. This connectionist architecture, proposed by Shastri in [Shastri and Ajjanagadde, 1990], preserves the symbolic interpretation of the information it stores and manipulates, but does its computations with nodes which have roughly the same computational properties as neurons. The parser recovers the phrase structure of a sentence incrementally from beginning to end and is intended to be a plausible model of human sentence processing. ...
This article outlines a new method of locating discourse boundaries based on lexical cohesion and a graphical technique called dotplotting. The application of dotplotting to discourse segmentation can be performed either manually, by examining a graph, or automatically, using an optimization algorithm. The results of two experiments involving automatically locating boundaries between a series of concatenated documents are presented. Areas of application and future directions for this work are also outlined. Introduction In general, texts are "about" some topic. ...
A new type of machine dictionary is described, which uses terminological relations to build up a semantic network representing the terms of a particular subject field, through interaction with the user. These relations are then used to dynamically generate outline definitions of terms in on-line query mode. The definitions produced are precise, consistent and informative, and allow the user to situate a query term in the local conceptual ~vironment.
(BQ) Each Outline presents all the essential course information in an easy-to-follow, topic-by-topic format. You also get hundreds of examples, solved problems, and practice exercises to test your skills.
The Effective Academic Writing series teaches the writing modes, rhetorical devices, and language points students need for academic success. Each unit introduces a theme and writing task and then guides the student writer through the process of gathering ideas, organizing an outline, drafting, revising, and editing. Students are given the opportunity to explore their opinions, discuss their ideas, and share their experiences through written communication.