Analog signal analog data

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  • Signals: In a communication system, data are propagated from one point to another by means of electromagnetic signals. A signal is a series of analogue or digital data. That is a varying voltage (either continuous or discrete) with time in an electronic communication system. Definitions of Data and Signals: Analog Data - Data represented by a continuous physical quantity whose magnitude is proportion a suitable function of the data (information). It can have more than two discrete values in contrast to digital data. ...

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  • Unipolar All signal elements have same sign Polar One logic state represented by positive voltage the other by negative voltage Data rate Rate of data transmission in bits per second Duration or length of a bit Time taken for transmitter to emit the bit

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  • • Analog voice data must be translated into a series of binary digits before they can be transmitted in digital transmission system. One means of doing this is called pulse amplitude modulation (PAM). • The process of converting analog signal to digital is also known as A_to_D conversion or A/D conversion. The circuit does the conversion known as A/D converter. In analog modulation (continuous wave modulation), some parameter of a sinusoidal carrier wave is varied continuously in accordance with the message signal. ...

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  • Signals represent information about data, voice, audio, image, video… There are many ways to classify signals but here we categorize signals as either analog (continuous-time) or digital (discretetime). Signal processing is to use circuits and systems (hardware and software) to act on input signal to give output signal which differs from the input, the way we would like to.

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  • Today, the data acquisition technology has found its way into virtually every segment of electronics. A digital signal processing (DSP) system accepts analog signals as input, converts those analog signals to numbers, performs computations using the numbers and eventually converts the results of the computations back into analog signals. Once converted to numbers, signals are unconditionally stable. Error detection and correction methods can be applied to store,transmit and reproduce numbers with no corruption. Signals stored digitally are really just large arrays of numbers.

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  • Data can be analog or digital. The term analog data refers to information that is continuous; digital data refers to information that has discrete states. Analog data take on continuous values. Digital data take on discrete values.Data can be analog or digital. Analog data are continuous and take continuous values. Digital data have discrete states and take discrete values.

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  • Digital-to-analog conversion is the process of changing one of the characteristics of an analog signal based on the information in digital data.

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  • Telephone networks use circuit switching. The telephone network had its beginnings in the late 1800s. The entire network, which is referred to as the plain old telephone system (POTS), was originally an analog system using analog signals to transmit voice.

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  • Today, the data acquisition technology has found its way into virtually every segment of electronics. A digital signal processing (DSP) system accepts analog signals as input, converts those analog signals to numbers, performs computations using the numbers and eventually converts the results of the computations back into analog signals. Once converted to numbers, signals are unconditionally stable. Error detection and correction methods can be applied to store, transmit and reproduce numbers with no corruption....

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  • The information contained in Ebook Simatic S7-300 S7-300 Module data can be used as a reference to operating, to functions, and to the technical data of the signal modules, power supply modules and interface modules of the s7 300.

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  • A computer network is designed to send information from one point to another. This information needs to be converted to either a digital signal or an analog signal for transmission. In this chapter, we discuss the first choice, conversion to digital signals.

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  • Converting digital data to a bandpass analog signal.is traditionally called digitalto-analog conversion. Converting a low-pass analog signal to a bandpass analog signal is traditionally called analog-to-analog conversion. In this chapter, we discuss these two types of conversions.

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  • Chapter 6 - Physical layer. In this chapter, we study the duties of the physical layer, first as a converter that converts data to signals, then as a manager that controls the medium. After reading this chapter, the reader should be able to: Distinguish between analog and digital data, distinguish between analog and digital signals, understand the concept of bandwidth and the relationship between bandwidth and data transmission speed,...

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  • For example, communicating between two PCs via a telephone line (connected between subscriber's home and local office, then between local offices, and finally between local office and another subscriber's home). The telephone line is an analog system. That means it can not be used for digital transmission. If we try to transmit digital signals over the analog system, our bit rate or bandwidth will be limited to a minimum. On a 4 kHz analog band limited system we can only transmit at a maximum rate of roughly 1 kHz. Because a 1 kHz digital signal needs a bandwidth of 5...

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  • Topics in Digital Communications Digital communication system advantages and disadvantages Digital communication system classification Digitization of analog signals Digital transmission systems Data communication systems Integrated Services Digital Network and other advanced digital communication systems.

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  • The second edition of this accessible book provides readers with an introductory treatment of communication theory as applied to the transmission of information-bearing signals. While it covers analog communications, the emphasis is placed on digital technology. It begins by presenting the functional blocks that constitute the transmitter and receiver of a communication system. Readers will next learn about electrical noise and then progress to multiplexing and multiple access techniques.

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  • LABORATORY PROCEDURE I Sampling A. The time division Multiplexer (TDM MUX) module is used to recombine two analog signals into one data stream. The input A is connected to the OUT connector for a period T (T = 1/fs). During the next period, input B is connected to the OUT connector. The process then repeats. It should be obvious that each input, input A(or B) is “Sampled” at a rate equal to ½ fs as set by the Master clock. NOTE: The actual waveform sampling rate = ½ fs as set by the “DATA/Sampling RATE”, output, mentioned above (e.g. to...

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  • The reader is provided with information on how to choose between the techniques and how to design a system that takes advantage of the best features of each of them. Imminently practical in approach, the book covers sampled data systems, choosing A-to-D and D-to-A converters for DSP applications, fast Fourier transforms, digital filters, selecting DSP hardware, interfacing to DSP chips, and hardware design techniques. It contains a number of application designs with thorough explanations.

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  • (BQ) Part 1 book "Analog circuit design" has contents: Fundamental stochastic jitter processes associated with clock and data recovery - a tutorial; mixed signal implementation strategies for high performance clock and data recovery circuits; jointly optimize equalizer and CRD for multi gigabit s-serdes,...and other contents

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  • Dữ liệu tương tự, tín hiệu số • Ứng dụng – Dùng để truyền dữ liệu tương tự trên mạng truyền dữ liệu số • Tận dụng các ưu điểm của truyền dẫn số (thiết bị rẻ, dùng repeater, TDM, …) Analog and digital transmission Analog data Digital data Analog Analog signal signal Analog Analog signal signal

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