Eva Pongmanopap of LAUSD was helpful in building the student achievement files and in clarifying issues related to the data. We are also grateful to Richard Buddin for providing the data and for his support of the study. RAND Education provided additional support for carrying out the analyses.
The number of women entering small business ownership has increased significantly
across the world. These women make a crucial contribution to the economic growth and
development of local, national and global economies. Yet, despite their increasing
numbers, they have received little attention from the academic community and research
into the experiences of women small business owners is confined to a handful of countries.
The work on women entrepreneurs is far more extensive and generally eclipses the
area of small business ownership.
Starting to trade options can be stressful and unsettling, but it doesn’t have
to be. By learning to trade options systematically and by fostering a patient
approach, a new trader can become successful. Options trading requires
an understanding of the characteristics of options and this takes time to
master. Nonetheless, a person who is willing to study and work hard can
This is a political history of Labour's use of the tax system from
1906 to 1979: an epilogue brings the story up to the present,
surveying New Labour's tax policies and dilemmas. Richard
Whiting's broad-ranging, lucid and readable study examines
how Labour used tax to further its political aims of funding
welfare, managing the economy, promoting fairness and
achieving greater equality.
During the emergence of sociology as an academic discipline the questions
about the origins, status and functions of constitutions were widely
posed. Indeed, for both thematic and methodological reasons, the analysis
of constitutions was a central aspect of early sociology. Sociology
developed, however ambiguously, as a critical intellectual response to the
theories and achievements of the Enlightenment in the eighteenth
century, the political dimension of which was centrally focused on the
theory and practice of constitutional rule....
Population-based cancer registries are important resources for cancer epi-
demiologists since they hold information on the distribution of cancer in well
defined populations. This information may be analysed without the need for
any additional data collection. Cancer site-specific incidence rates can be cal-
culated and compared according to many different variables such as age, sex,
country of birth, place of residence at the time of diagnosis, etc.
Preparing a presentation:
Decide the objectives, what do you
want to achieve?
Analyse the audience, what do they
Gather and review your material,
Select the essentials; discard
This study uses what Cresswell (2003) refers to as a ‘mixed methods approach’, one that combines
quantitative and qualitative data collection and a ‘sequential explanatory strategy’ in which the
collection and analysis of the quantitative data is followed by the collection and analysis of the
qualitative data (p 215).
ost of the problems of analyzing survey data have been reasonably well handled, except those revolving around the existence of interaction effects. Indeed, increased efficiency in handling multivariate analyses even with non-numerical variables, has been achieved largely by assuming additivity. An approach to survey data is proposed which imposes no restrictions on interaction effects, focuses on importance in reducing predictive error, operates sequentially, and is independent of the extent of linearity in the classifications or the order in which the explanatory factors are introduced...
Among performance audits, the number and complexity of the planning issues can be even
greater. The methodology for assessing the operating efficiency of an entity will be quite
different from that for attempting to measure the effectiveness of a programme in achieving
its stated objectives. These two kinds of audits involve collecting and analysing different
kinds of data from different sources.
Data-Reusing Adaptive Learning Algorithms
In this chapter, a class of data-reusing learning algorithms for recurrent neural networks is analysed. This is achieved starting from a case of feedforward neurons, through to the case of networks with feedback, trained with gradient descent learning algorithms. It is shown that the class of data-reusing algorithms outperforms the standard (a priori ) algorithms for nonlinear adaptive ﬁltering in terms of the instantaneous prediction error.
This book covers fundamental aspects of electric circuits that form the core of many engineering disciplines. In particular, basic circuit elements and their characteristics are presented when connected in an electric network. In addition, techniques to analyse and solve electric circuits are explained in a simple manner and examples are shown to demonstrate each strategy. DC as well as AC circuit analysis is provided with a brief account of filters in the end.
Agriculture faces the enormous challenge o
producing globally almost 50% more food b
2030 and doubling production by 2050. Thi
will likely need to be achieved with less wat
mainly because of growing pressures from
urbanisation, industrialisation and climate
change. In this context, it will be important
in the future for farmers to receive the right
signals to increase water use efficiency and
improve agricultural water management, wh
preserving aquatic ecosystems.
Structural analysis of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of
nontypeableHaemophilus in¯uenzaestrain 1003 has been
achieved by the application of high-®eld NMR techniques,
ESI-MS, capillary electrophoresis coupled to ESI-MS,
composition and linkage analyses on O-deacylated
LPS and core oligosaccharide material. It was found
that the LPS contains the common structural element
It is too incongruous to cover the complete topics, based on infectious disease, but I
have performed my level best workings to include a big portion of the curriculum.
Analyses, information, gathered in this book, have been integrated from a variety of
national and international journals, to institute this text. My wholehearted effort will
be successful, if societal advantage may be achieved to the civilization.
Multi-processor systems are becoming more commonplace and aﬀordable. Based on analyses of actual parsings, we argue that to exploit the capabilities of such machines, uniﬁcation-based grammar parsers should distribute work at the level of individual uniﬁcation operations. We present a generic approach to parallel chart parsing that meets this requirement, and show that an implementation of this technique for LinGO achieves considerable speedups. Callmeier, 2000).
Schools can use the health promoting schools model programme to identify the initial state
(analysing the conditions and needs), outline improvement techniques (school development plan,
concept and plan framework), structure and evaluate the achieved change at any stage of the project
implementation (evaluating the effectiveness of the project), spot the potential risks impairing
health promotion, plan the influencing of the hidden curriculum and make the health promotion
curriculum a controllable part of the hidden curriculum of the school....
It is critical for internal audit to develop a systematic means to analyse risk. Risk is
any event that could prevent the company from achieving its business objectives.
A risk assessment allows the auditor to consider how potential events might affect
the achievement of business objectives. The risk assessment process begins by
defining the audit universe. The audit universe includes all of the business units,
processes and operations. Next, the auditor must understand the company’s
business model within the context of its industry and its key business