Clear the Air is a joint project of three leading air quality groups: the Clean Air Task Force, National
Environmental Trust and U.S. PIRG Education Fund. The Clean Air Task Force is a non-profit
organization dedicated to restoring clean air and healthy environments through scientific research, public
education and legal advocacy. The National Environmental Trust was established in 1994 as a non-profit,
non-partisan organization dedicated to applying modern communications and public education techniques
to environmental education and advocacy. The U.S.
Within developing countries, health sector reform, often including decen-
tralized priority setting, increases the information and advocacy burden for
inclusion of SRH concerns. Central functions (like operating logistic systems
and service quality control) require high-level commitment and a supportive
policy and regulatory framework.
The international discussion on SRH emphasizes an outcome-oriented
public health approach but people react to multiple dimensions. Strong pas-
sions and intensive debates continue on a range of issues: abortion, adolescent
SRH and even family planning.
In 2005, the baseline country studies pointed to a
lack of connection between advocacy for reduction
of maternal mortality in national-level planning and
the necessary linkage to effective programmatic
responses through resource allocation, capacity-
building and human-resource development.
The 2011 case-studies suggest that this problem
persists: despite a closing of the gap between
policy and programmes, the limited progress
with improving health outcomes has shown the
importance of strengthening health systems –
particularly for maternal and newborn health.
This book has been in the making since 2002, when the Ford
Foundation generously gave a grant to the International Center for
Research on Women (ICRW) for a project to explore the linkages
between trade liberalization, women’s employment, and reproductive
health and rights at the macro- and micro-levels.
In September 2006, as a result of advocacy by international and national non-governmental
organisations (NGOs), the United Nations (UN) General Assembly finally adopted the target of
universal access to reproductive health. This health key issues guide explores issues relating to
universal access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services using a rights-based
approach. The guide examines factors that inhibit access to and use of SRH services, and
discusses methods for removing barriers to care and improving access.
Differentiated thyroid cancer is the fastest‐growing cancer in women; it increased 2.4%
per year during 1980 to 1997 and 6.5% per year during 1997 to 2006 in the USA according
to the National Cancer Instituteʹs Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER).
On the other hand, the refinement of new approaches for surveillance of patients with an
established diagnosis of thyroid cancer is leading to the observation that many patients,
previously thought to be cured, have evidence of minimal residual disease, a condition
with which we still do not know how to manage properly....
While important progress on the MDGs has been made, it has been uneven between and within countries. Gender
disparities remain manifested in many sectors with progress differing by region and country. The growing number and
diversity of actors, approaches and flows in development cooperation in recent years have also significantly impacted
progress on the MDGs and other IADGs.
As indicated above, while YouthAIDS highlighted PSI’s ability to manage consumer brands, this
same discipline had not been applied to the corporate “PSI brand.” PSI’s core audience was
defined as those who influence resource decisions for public health investments in developing
countries. As a result, PSI had focused its branding and outreach efforts with multi- and bi-
lateral government donors. PSI had not been historically marketed to a broader audience and
was not well-known to the general public.
Communities can play a lead role in assessing and reducing community-level advertising and
marketing of unhealthy foods. Important lessons regarding community-based research and
advocacy to address marketing of unhealthy products can be borrowed from the alcohol and
tobacco control movements. Community-based efforts to decrease excessive advertising and
availability of alcohol and tobacco products, particularly in low-income communities, provide a
useful case study in how communities can influence marketing practices. ...
How can the obstacles to men’s participation be overcome? How can policy-makers and
program managers encourage men’s participation? Most people who have studied the sub-
ject agree that the two major avenues to increasing men’s participation are communication
During the last decade consumer groups, parents and teachers’ bodies, and public health
advocacy organisations have called for greater control on the marketing of foods and
beverages to children. A number of authoritative reports have highlighted the need to
restrict such marketing to ensure that children are not unduly influenced to consume foods
high in fats, sugar and salt. A 2009 review of regulations (the PolMark study1) suggested that
successful regulation required government leadership with specified timelines and clear,
A few years ago, I read a lengthy article in a prominent law journal about
the constitutional power to declare war. The article ably presented opposing
views regarding the enduring debate between those who argue for
congressional pre-eminence over war-related decisions and those who
believe that the president possesses great war-making discretion. But,
the author offered a startling categorical finding that he said “all scholars
have missed”: namely, that “the Founders denied the President a veto
over congressional decisions to wage war. . . ....
People expect effortless, engaging interaction with desktop and web applications, but producing software that generates enjoyable user experiences is much harder than many companies anticipate. With Effective UI, you'll learn proven user-experience strategies that will satisfy your clients and customers, drive business value, and increase brand strength.
This book shows you how to capture the collaborative and cooperative spirit among designers, engineers, and management required for building engaging software.
In Africa music is a powerful mode of communication, transcending national borders, cul -
tures, and languages. Men’s attention can be attracted by using an entertainment format—
the “enter-educate” approach—which has proved effective in many countries. The term
Enter-Educate is a contraction of the words entertainment and education and describes any
communication presentation that delivers a pro-social educational message in an entertain-
Advocacy efforts recognize that, in order to build support for family planning and other
reproductive health, a variety of different audiences and approaches must be used. To
increase men’s participation in reproductive health, advocacy activities can be used to
address a variety of legislative, institutional, religious, and cultural barriers. At the commu-
nity level, opinion leaders and religious leaders often have negative perceptions of family
The NLSS was followed by the Nepal Labor Force Survey (NLFS), the first of its kind carried out by
the CBS during 1998/99 with technical support from the International Labor Organization (ILO)
through funding made available by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), providing
comprehensive information on employment statistics.
In January 2000 the Household Consumption Survey of Rural Nepal (HCSRN) was planned and
launched, utilizing government resources and internal technical capability.
- They can be used individually or as a package. They are cross-referenced with
each other for ease of use. Countries may wish to go through each of the modules
systematically or may use a specific module when the emphasis is on a particular area
of mental health. For example, countries wishing to address mental health legislation
may find the module entitled Mental Health Legislation and Human Rights useful for
- They can be used as a training package for mental health policy-makers, planners
and others involved in organizing, delivering and funding mental health services.
Reasonable as they might seem, the stakeholder
arguments with respect to practitioneroriented
research do not hold up under scrutiny.
There is no self-evident relationship between lack
of theory in a discipline and the ability to
undertake research/consultancy for industry in
marketing or elsewhere (Grey, 2001). There is
mounting evidence, and there has been for some
time, that marketing knowledge in its current
form is not particularly valued by business.
increased rates of obesity have become a public health concern
because obesity is associated with chronic disease and
adverse health outcomes (Institute of Medicine 2005). Furthermore,
because obesity is now a characteristic of populations
and not only of individuals, researchers, government
health organizations, and advocacy groups characterize
obesity as an epidemic (Institute of Medicine 2005, 2006a;
World Health Organization 2003).
This upcoming two year masters program aims to
promote health systems and public health research
and implementing solutions in institutional and
fi eld settings. It will prepare health professionals to
work in socially, culturally and economically diverse
populations by being attentive to needs of vulnerable
and disadvantaged groups. It will work towards
imparting qualities of leadership among public health
professionals and eff ectively use communication skills
for health advocacy.