Several attempts have been made to analyze the impacts of air pollution on wildlife . More
recently, research for WWF has assessed the impacts on wildlife through a literature survey
which identified effects on 1,300 species, including 11 mammals, 29 birds, 10 amphibians, 398
higher plants, 305 fungi, 238 lichens and 65 invertebrates, providing the most detailed survey to
. In general, the studies have concentrated on either specific ecosystems, or individual
groups of plants and animals.