Xem 1-20 trên 33 kết quả And blood institute
  • The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (or NHLBI) is a division of the National Institutes of Health, located in Bethesda, Maryland, USA. It is tasked with allocating about $2.7 billion in tax revenue per year (fiscal year 2004 estimate) to advancing the understanding of the following issues: development and progression of disease, diagnosis of disease, treatment of disease, disease prevention, reduction of health care disparities within the American population, and advancing the effectiveness of the U.S. medical system. NHLBI's current Director is Gary H. Gibbons, M.D....

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  • The Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) is a medical guidelines organisation which works with public health officials and health care professionals globally to reduce asthma prevalence, morbidity, and mortality. GINA was launched in 1993 as a collaboration between National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, and the World Health Organization.[1]

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  • In 1993, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute collaborated with the World Health Organization to convene a workshop that led to a Workshop Report: Global Strategy for Asthma Management and Prevention. This presented a comprehensive plan to manage asthma with the goal of reducing chronic disability and premature deaths while allowing patients with asthma to lead productive and fulfilling lives.

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  • Researchers have learned a lot in the last decade about fear, stress, and PTSD. Scientists are also learning about how people form memories. This is important because creating very powerful fear-related memories seems to be a major part of PTSD. Researchers are also exploring how people can create “safety” memories to replace the bad memories that form after a trauma. NIMH’s goal in supporting this research is to improve treatment and ind ways to prevent the disorder.

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  • In most cases the cancer cells form a tumor. Some cancers, like leukemia, rarely form tumors. Instead, these cancer cells involve the blood and blood-forming organs and circulate through other tissues where they grow. Cancer cells often travel to other parts of the body, where they begin to grow and form new tumors that replace normal tissue. This process is called metastasis. It happens when the cancer cells get into the bloodstream or lymph vessels of our body.

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  • This book is dedicated to my wife, Margaret, for her selfless support and wise counsel during the last 35 years while I was undertaking cochlear implant research at the University of Sydney, the University of Melbourne, and The Bionic Ear Institute. I would like also to express my appreciation to our children Sonya, Cecily, Roslyn, Merran, and Jonathan; their spouses Ian, Peter, and Marissa; and our grandchildren Elise, Monty, Daniel, Noah, and Rebekah for their encouragement and enriching our lives....

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  • The insurance industry is quite heterogeneous and the structure of the sector varies according to the prevailing level of economic development. 6 In fact, developed countries’ insurance sectors usually include life insurers, non-life insurers and reinsurers. These companies may be stand-alone enterprises or parts of groups or conglomerates, and they may conduct business internationally. Developing countries’ insurance providers, in turn, are smaller and generally do not engage in major international activities.

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  • Information asymmetry can be reduced via three ways: a firm’s ability to signal its credit worthiness (incl. an institutional assessment or rating by an independent agency and the provision of collateral), a strong relationship between lender and borrower, and through due diligence/lenders’ examination (screening). However, this means on the other hand that new or young firms, with a lack of collateral and by definition without track record are the ones with the greatest degree of difficulty accessing debt capital (Equinox, 2002).

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  • Minimizing the frequency and consequences of iatrogenic infections depends on improving the quality and accessibility of good medical services. Unlike STIs, which rely primarily on behavior change for their prevention, avoiding iatrogenic infections centers on maximizing access to good quality care, and in particular the technical competence of health care providers. It also requires resources and supportive public policy measures and encouragement of prompt health care seeking behavior by individuals.

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  • In 1995, Zoe Warwick committed suicide. A dedicated bodybuilder and former European champion, a career of abusing steroids had culminated in the disintegration of her once flawless body. The medications pumped into her to keep her alive could not prevent system after system from shutting down, and, unable to cope with the pain, she took her own life. In 1988, Ben Johnson was celebrated as the fastest human being to propel his body down a one hundred-metre track. He then became the most infamous drug cheat in the history of modern sport, testing positive to stanozolol.

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  • Numerous studies have also documented racial and ethnic disparities in health.[29] White children are half as likely as Black and Latino children not to be in excellent or very good health.[30] Some disparities are starkest between White and Black children. For example, Black children are 20% more likely to have a limitation of activity and more than twice as likely to have elevated blood lead levels. Disparities are also apparent in access to health care.

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  • Advocacy efforts recognize that, in order to build support for family planning and other reproductive health, a variety of different audiences and approaches must be used. To increase men’s participation in reproductive health, advocacy activities can be used to address a variety of legislative, institutional, religious, and cultural barriers. At the commu- nity level, opinion leaders and religious leaders often have negative perceptions of family planning.

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  • The Master Plan for the Acceleration and Expansion of Indonesia’s Economic Development (MP3EI) is the Indonesian government’s current development master plan. Launched in May 2011, this ambitious policy aims to leapfrog Indonesia into the ten biggest economies by 2025, by increasing GDP to US $4.5 trillion as well as by increasing GDP per capita income from a current level of US$ 3000 to US$ 15,000.

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  • The plasma lipoproteins are divided into five major classes based on their relative density. - Each lipoprotein class comprises a family of particles that vary slightly in + Density + Size + Migration during electrophoresis + And protein composition. - Most plasma triglyceride is transported in chylomicrons or VLDLs, and most plasma cholesterol is carried as cholesteryl esters in LDLs and HDLs. II.

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  • The Institutional System of Protection (ISP), established by Decree-law 6/2010 offers an effective instrument to bring together a group of credit entities in order to pool their risk management strategies and develop risk sharing strategies. In the special case of saving banks, this system is organised around a central entity in the form of a commercial bank which will pool their risk management strategies, risk sharing and will have full access to financial markets, including raising capital. Thus, the ISP increases the ability to access markets in order to obtain equity.

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  • The new office should exercise both horizontal and vertical coordination: horizontally, across healthcare providers, consumers, public health programs, standards development organizations, payers, government agencies, academic and healthcare institutions, and others, and vertically, through local, State, and national entities. It must explicitly encompass the personal health, healthcare provider, and population health dimensions rather than focus on any single area.

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  • Results of a comprehensive review of pediatric trials con­ ducted between 1988 and 2006 suggested that the benei ts of antidepressant medications likely outweigh their risks to children and adolescents with major depression and anxiety disorders. he study was funded in part by the National Insti­ tute of Mental Health.

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  • The fourth row of Table 3 indicates that for over half of nongovernmental organizations at least 85 percent of borrowers are female. At least a quarter of nongovernmental organizations serve women exclusively. Banks serve many women, but in lower numbers; for slightly less than half of institutions, men make up the majority of borrowers. Column 4 breaks out the median only for profitable nongovernmental microfinance organizations, and their data on women as a share of all borrowers are much closer to that of other nongovernmental organizations than that of banks.

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  • Jillian J Francis*1, Martin P Eccles2, Marie Johnston3, Paula Whitty2, Jeremy M Grimshaw4, Eileen FS Kaner5, Liz Smith6 and Anne Walker1 Address: 1Health Services Research Unit, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK, 2Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, 3College of Life Sciences and Medicine, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK, 4Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Health Research Institute and Department of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, 5Faculty of Medical Sciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK and 6Manchest...

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  • A quarter of a century ago, the proportion of older people living in institutions in developed countries had reached an estimated 9% (22). Since that time, there has been a shift in emphasis towards care in the community and the use of less restrictive residential settings. Current rates of use of nursing homes are in the range of 4–7% in countries such as Canada (6.8%), Israel (4.4%), South Africa (4.5%) and the United States (4%).

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