English for International Tourism is a multi-level course for students who need English for professional communication in the hotel and tourism industries. Illustrated with material from Dorling Kindersley’s Eyewitness Travel Guide series and authentic material from companies within the tourist industry this, the intermediate level book, presents effective communication strategies for workplace situations such as giving advice, taking bookings and dealing with complaints.
What are human languages, such that they can be acquired and used as they
are? This class surveys some of the most important and recent approaches to this question,
breaking the problem up along traditional lines. In spoken languages, what are the basic
speech sounds? How are these sounds articulated and combined? What are the basic units of
meaning? How are the basic units of meaning combined into complex phrases? How are these
complexes interpreted? These questions are surprisingly hard! This introductory survey can
only brieﬂy touch on each one....
Acknowledge and draw upon students’ strengths asoral communicators. Develop activities that help students discover learning preferences: oral, aural, written.
Guide students in making connections between how they speak and how they write.Help students raise awareness about the connection between spoken language and written
Body language makes up 65% or 75% of all communication during a
typical day. You may realize your conscious brain is listening in
what people are saying, but you are most likely unaware of the body
language messages you are receiving from your subconscious mind.
The goal of this book is to make sure you are aware of both the body
language around you and your own body language. Being able to
read and understand body language is a skill that will benefit you in
all aspects of your life.
We, the authors, have been in the grateful position of being able to support numerous
doctoral students in their attempts to publish a scientific journal article. Through this
experience, we have been able to deepen our own knowledge of how to write a scientific
article. We would like to thank all the doctoral students we have guided for the chance to
share in their learning.
We would also like to thank Dr Harry Anttila, the Director of the Language Centre of the
University of Oulu, for constructive cooperation. We would especially like to thank the
Language Centre Working...
Body language is non-verbal communication involving body movement. People in the workplace convey a great deal of information without even speaking through gesturing, posture, expressions,... Invite you to consult the text book for more documents serving the academic needs and research.
Applied linguistics is defined as a discipline that uses a variety of methods to address language-based problems, one of which is that of language teaching and learning. Based on this definition, the article will define and tackle the problem of teaching EFL writing in Vietnam which has, for a long time, been considered a challenge for language teachers.
Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this book, and Addison-Wesley was aware of a trademark claim, the designations have been printed in initial capital letters or all capital letters The author and publisher have taken care in the preparation of this book, but make no expressed or implied warranty of any kind and assume no responsibility for errors or omissions.
Monocropping can be used as a metaphor to describe educational systems in many developing
countries. Education Volunteers are aware of the intense stress experienced by students whose
families' hopes are pinned on their eventual success in a centralized academic system of
education. The stress for you might come in trying to balance your students' expectations with
your own inclinations, born of your experience in a system which, at least theoretically, aspires to
equality and encourages diversity.
In the 1980s and 1990s, policymakers took a big leap, arguing that the new microfinance
institutions should be profitable -- or in the prevailing code language, they should be “financially
sustainable.” The argument for emphasizing profit-making microfinance institutions proceeds in
three steps. First, it holds that small loans are costly for banks to administer but that poor
households can pay high interest rates.
Universal access means that enough services and information are available, accessible and
acceptable to meet the different needs of all individuals. This requires that people can safely
reach services without travelling for a long time or distance, and that those with disabilities can
easily access buildings. Services and treatments must be affordable, and based on principles of
equity such that poor people do not bear a higher burden from the cost than more wealthy
Assemble focus groups of patrons and potential
patrons to discuss the library’s Web gateway.
Since information searching can vary widely, you’ll
want to schedule targeted focus groups based on
market segment (e.g. parents with young children,
young adults, seniors, etc.). Send invitations and
follow up by phone until you’ve confirmed at least
a dozen people. Have your discussion questions
ready (broad, open-ended questions such as
“What kinds of questions do you use the Internet
to answer?”) and be prepared to demonstrate the
gateway and its resources.
We present a simple, language-independent method for integrating recovery of empty elements into syntactic parsing. This method outperforms the best published method we are aware of on English and a recently published method on Chinese.
We present an SCFG binarization algorithm that combines the strengths of early terminal matching on the source language side and early language model integration on the target language side. We also examine how different strategies of target-side terminal attachment during binarization can signiﬁcantly affect translation quality.
Although Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 always has required that entities receiv-
ing federal funds provide language services to those with LEP, the law has not often been
enforced in health care settings (Jacobs et al. 2006). However, awareness of the need to
provide language services in health care has increased in recent years, with activity in
language services spanning policy, research, and practice settings.
Businesses today want actionable insights into their data—they want their data to reveal itself to them in a natural and user–friendly form. What could be more natural than human language? Natural–language search is at the center of a storm of ever–increasing web–driven demand for human–computer communication and information access. SQL Server 2008 provides the tools to take advantage of the features of its built–in enterprise–level natural–language search engine in the form of integrated full–text search (iFTS).
With PHP for the World Wide Web, Fourth Edition: Visual QuickStart Guide, readers can start from the beginning to get a tour of the programming language, or look up specific tasks to learn just what they need to know. This task-based visual reference guide uses step-by-step instructions and plenty of screenshots to teach beginning and intermediate users this popular open-source scripting language. Leading technology author Larry Ullman guides readers through the latest developments including use and awareness of HTML5 with PHP.
The 53 grammar lessons that form the core of the book are each divided into two main sections: Language Awareness Activities and Creative Grammar Practice. The Language Awareness Activities are designed to introduce and provide initial practice of items that may still be unfamiliar to your students.
Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are
claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this book and Addison Wesley
Longman Inc., was aware of a trademark claim, the designations have been printed in initial caps
or all caps.
While the exam is not the main focus in the first part of the book, the work in Units 1-9 has direct relevance to specific CAE exam skills. Particular attention is given to raising students1 language awareness and training them in the kind of editing skills which are valuable for their written work and also, of course, relevant to Paper 3, English in Use.