And proposals to incentivise

Xem 1-20 trên 30 kết quả And proposals to incentivise
  • Discussions around how best to increase supply of bodily material often focus on questions of donor motivation: how individuals may best be encouraged to donate different forms of bodily material. Considerable effort is put into coordinated advertising campaigns to recruit blood and organ donors, and proposals to incentivise potential donors through benefits in money or in kind regularly emerge in academic circles.

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  • Transfers of land rights should be based on users’ voluntary and informed agreement, provide them with a fair level of proceeds, and should not involve expropriation for private purposes. To create these preconditions, local people need to be aware of their rights, the value of their land, and ways to contract, and have assistance in analyzing investment proposals, negotiating with investors, monitoring performance, and ensuring compliance.

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  • Much of the literature concerning health benefits of physical activity is based on studies done primarily with men. Only recently have large-scale studies been initiated to investigate the effects of physical activity on women’s health and wellness. Chris Wells, the author of this paper, has been a pioneer in the study of physical activity for women. As you will see, much more research studying girls and women is necessary, but much has been accomplished in recent years. Diseases often thought to be “diseases of men” affect women as well as men.

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  • Congress established a standing disaster program in the 2008 farm bill— the Supplemental Revenue Assistance Payments Program. Under this program, Congress funded a $3.8 billion permanent trust fund and directed the Secretary of Agriculture to make crop disaster assistance payments to eligible farmers who suffer crop losses on or before September 30, 2011. USDA—through FSA—began making disaster payments under this program in early 2010 for crop losses incurred in 2008.

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  • Nutrition during childhood and adolescence is essential for growth and development, health and well-being. [1,2] Further, eating behaviors established during childhood track into adulthood and contribute to long-term health and chronic disease risk. [3,4] Numerous studies have consistently documented that dietary intake patterns of American children and adolescents are poor and do not meet national dietary goals. [5-8] In addition, US food consumption trend data show a shift over the past few decades.

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  • The second domain, environmental pollutants, encompasses exposures that might bring about chronic conditions or exacerbate these conditions. We include in this domain air, water, and other toxic pollutants. For example, repeated exposure to toxic waste sites may result in malignancies later in life (American Cancer Society, 2002), which in turn may lead to functional decline (Teno et al., 2001; Michael et al., 2000). Thus, exposure to water contamination or toxic wastes is likely to affect health status, particularly though cumulated effects in the lifecourse.

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  • The theoretical approaches described above were developed without reference to empirical findings. Initial examinations of empirical health trends indicated that the trends differed when different aspects of health were examined and that some indicators showed improving health and some deteriorating health. For instance, Verbrugge (76) noted that from 1972 to 1981 there were increases in reported disease presence and disability, yet improvements in self-reported health.

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  • The Clean Water Act was amended in 1977 and again in 1987 to extend the deadlines for promulgation of and compliance with the standards. In addition, in 1987 the EPA was ordered to promulgate effluent guidelines for additional point source categories. The Clean Water Act was in the vanguard of a major change in the federal government’s regulation of economic activity.

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  • This project has demonstrated the current interest in assessing and distinguishing the impacts on biodiversity of climate change and atmospheric pollution. It is strongly recommended that this proposal is used as the basis to decide whether or not to pursue and implement the new network. It has provided recommendations and options for an implementation plan and estimated costs. It has also shown that it will be most important to establish the right organisational framework, obtain agreement between parties and sufficient funding.

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  • Figures from the KIEA, combined and put another way, tell us this: While women make up more than 50 percent of the U.S. adult population, and about 46 percent of the civilian workforce, they account for only about 35 percent of the people who get involved in starting businesses. (This number agrees fairly closely with other figures, not shown in the table above, which find that of all privately held firms in the U.S, about 29 percent are ―women-owned‖ and another 12 percent are ―equally owned‖ by women and men.) So women lag at the...

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  • This report is primarily based on substantial contributions of information from UN member states. Government officials from more than 130 countries provided detailed responses to the Level 1 survey, and interviewees in 30 countries provided important additional information through the Level 2 survey. UN-DESA and UN-Water facilitated the roll-out of the Level 1 survey with support from SIWI and UNEP-DHI on data management. The Regional Water Partnerships of the GWP facilitated the Level 2 survey.

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  • As an example of the modular approach, within the Model Farm program, Dairy Pakistan foresees that additional team leaders can be recruited as necessary, with farm production officers then recruited to support the team leader. It is anticipated that one Team Leader can manage 10 Farm Production Officers, and each Officer can supervise 10 Model Farms; thus appointment of a new Team Leader can result in 100 new model farms per year. With experience, it is expected that the number of farms managed by each Farm Production Officer will increase.

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  • Most of the attention in the literature has been focused on the initial decentralization. Tsui and Wang (2004) call fiscal decentralization a “handmaiden” to China’s growth. Chen (2004) argues that regional and local governments have better information, and so more control over expenditures, leading to improved efficiency in government spending, and thus led to more growth.

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  • The analysis is limited to the post-World War II period. Using this period provides an adequate sample for the multivariate regression analysis that is used to examine correlation. The top statutory tax rates are examined because the current Congressional debate over the fate of the 2001 and 2003 Bush-era tax cuts focuses on the statutory tax rates affecting the highest income taxpayers. For an overview of the broader issues of these relationships see CRS Report R42111, Tax Rates and Economic Growth, by Jane G. Gravelle and Donald J. Marples. ...

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  • Baseline values for HPV type prevalence in cases of cervical cancer are important because these can reveal whether the types in cancers are changing as more of the population is vaccinated and whether new vaccines are targeting the correct types. A meta-analysis looked at papers published between 1990 and 2010 on more than 30,000 cervical cancer cases. 4 The most common HPV types found, in order of decreasing prevalence, were HPV 16 (57 percent), 18 (16 percent), 58 (4.7 percent), 33 (4.6 percent), 45 (4.5 percent), 31, 52, and 35.

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  • Radiological changes are found at the time of tuberculin conversion in 7-30% of young adults.•Lymphadenopathy. The hilarlymph node was most commonly involved but the paratrachealnode was also frequently enlarged.•Bilateral hilaradenopathymay be seen. In adults the lung component of the primary complex is usually more obvious and the nodal component may not be seen. •Radiological abnormality persists in a majority 6 months after diagnosis but complete resolution is usual after 2 years.

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  • During both the second and third residency years, the pediatric residents had a four-week rotation of developmental and behavioral pediatrics/pediatric neurology. The schedule for this rotation was set by the developmental pediatricians who were also the project coordinators of PPHE. The partner family was contacted, and the family and community agency visits were added to the schedule of the rotation. During the third year, the physicians visited the same partner family they met the year before. This allowed them to observe the changes after a year of development and services.

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  • Crossbreeding work in Ethiopia was initiated in the early 1950s. Following this initiation a number of governmental (example, Ethiopian Agricultural Research Organization, Ministry of Agriculture, National Artificial Insemination Center, Higher Learning Institutes) and non-governmental organizations (International Livestock Research Institute and Swedish International Development Agency) have worked in the development of the dairy sector.

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  • Because your MartinLogan Cinema uses an internal power supply to energize its electrostatic cells with high-voltage DC, it must be connected to an AC power source. For this reason it is provided with the proper IEC standard power cord. This cords should be firmly inserted into the AC power receptacles on the rear connection panel of the speaker, then to any convenient AC wall outlet.

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  • Building on concrete examples of how mutual accountability enablers and structures, such as partnership policies and sectoral or thematic working groups, can effectively promote gender-related development results, this dialogue will address what targets mutual accountability frameworks should have in place to assess commitments on gender equality and measure related development results, such as, for example, the number of girls with access to schooling.

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