The Andhra Pradesh Paper Mills (APPM) is one of the largest integrated pulp and paper manufacturers in India and has done
pioneering work in several areas in the Pulp and Paper industry in India. The Company holds ISO 14001, ISO 9001 & OHSAS
18001 certifications as well as the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) Chain of Custody (COC) Certification.
The company owns and operates two manufacturing units located in Andhra Pradesh: one at Rajahmundry and another at
Sri Krishnadevaraya University organized a National Symposium on Science in
'21 si century' and Annual convention of Andhra Pradesh Akademi of Sciences during
February, 2008. About 100 delegates participated in the symposium. The present
book is a collection of some of the papers presented during the symposium. Only
some authors have responded to our invitation. Apart from the symposium articles a
few invited articles have also been included in the book.
We thank Andhra Pradesh Akademi of Sciences for the support. ...
Contraceptive use accounts for a substantial portion of the variation in
observed fertility rates (others include age of marriage, abortion rates, post-
partum amenorrhea and abstinence, and occurrence of marital separations).
Although there have been dramatic increases in the use of family planning
services, unmet need for family planning remains very high in low-prevalence
A Carpentier annuloplasty ring was sutured.
With the ring in position, the chordae were retrieved from the ventricle, and both needles
were woven into the prolapsing segment, straddling the point of maximal prolapse. Two or
three bites were taken through the coaptation surface to the line of coaptation. The two arms
of the suture were tied on the atrial surface with a slip-knot to bring the leaflet to the
annular plane, and a clip was placed across the knot. Pericardial pledgets could be used if
the leaflet tissue seems fragile.
Considering the vital importance of writing skill in ESL studies, it is highly
desirable that learners of English in our schools and colleges have the required level of
proficiency in this field. However, the glaring truth is that majority of students at High
School level in vernacular medium schools through out the country have a very poor
proficiency level in writing. This has been studied and recorded by many research
scholars from various parts of the country.
Teaching language as an activity is important especially where learners lack the
expected writing proficiency. In Andhra Pradesh, it has been observed that many ESL
learners at class IX level, especially those from regional medium schools do not have the
required writing proficiency. This could be because of several factors such as inadequate
writing practice in the classroom, poor vocabulary, examination oriented writing, teacher-
dictated writing, lack of exposure to English, lack of a homogenous English speaking
community, limited reading habits and so on.
Sub-Saharan Africa has the worst indicators of women’s health—particularly of reproductive
health—of any world region. These indicators include the highest number of HIV-positive
women and the highest infant, maternal, and HIV-related death rates worldwide. The ability
of a woman to make her own decisions regarding her body and her reproductive life are key to
improving these indicators.
One likely reason for the lack of attention to the older population is that fertility in Cambodia has
remained high and thus the share of the population who are age 60 and over is relatively small, especially
compared to a number of other southeast Asian countries where population aging is far more rapid.
According to the most recent UN assessment, only 5.6 percent of the Cambodian population is aged 60
and over although it is projected to slowly increase in the coming decades (United Nations 2005).
Against this backdrop, and by way of providing valuable context for some of the more
clinically oriented chapters in this book, our chapter considers some of the recent changes
and emerging trends within the broader veterinary sector and the actual and potential
impact of these on the veterinary business landscape.
We have recently completed a thorough review of the published literature of RCT evidence
for BMJ Clinical Evidence (Barry et al 2012). In preparing this review for Clinical Evidence of
the clinical trial literature for interventions for schizophrenia, a comprehensive search
strategy identified all relevant publications, and those studies meeting reasonable quality
standards were then included as described. Despite such a careful triage process, that aimed
to include only good quality RCTs, it is clear that many studies we included have serious
Cancer is one of the leading causes of deaths in the industrialized world (World Health
Organization [WHO], 2004) and the second leading cause of death in Germany (Federal
Statistical Office of Germany [DeStatis], 2007). It has been demonstrated that migrant cancer
incidence and mortality differs in general from cancer patterns in the respective host
Cancer is known to have a long latency period between exposure and disease onset.
Important exposure factors can be traced back to childhood and young adulthood.
The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) provided daily data on air pollution levels
collected at the nine monitoring stations located throughout the city. Six of these monitors have
been in operation since 1987 and are operated directly by the CPCB. The other three monitors,
added to the monitoring network in 1990, are operated on behalf of the CPCB by the National
Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI).
Bonfand’s style takes full advantage of the freedom allowed by the essay form. In the
first place, Bonfand’s use of bibliographical materials follows a strict parti-pris. While he
gives great importance to the filmmakers, or painters, own words, often quoting
interviews or autobiographies and excavates and values non-produced film scenarios (in
the two chapters on Antonioni), he does not waste time nor room by quoting existing
books on the subjects he approaches. This orientation is sometimes embarrassing and
weakens the intellectual honesty of the book as a whole. ...
The choices we make in our everyday lives about our homes, transport, food and the goods we
buy have impacts right across the world – from Indonesian rainforests to the Antarctic. The
amount we consume has a direct effect on climate change and species loss. For example, the
products we consume in the UK could be flown in from half way around the world and be made...
The federal government enacted the Federal Alcohol Administration Act (FAAA) shortly after the repeal of Prohibition, and this
legislation has served as the primary vehicle for regulating alcohol advertising in the United States. The Alcohol and Tobacco Tax
and Trade Bureau (TTB) has primary responsibility for enforcing the FAAA. Consumer protection and advertising regulation are
not, however, areas of expertise for the TTB, which is located within the Department of the Treasury, and the FAAA provides only
limited authority and guidance.
This report discusses the nature of investment in public transportation capital
investments and operations in the United States, the ways in which that
investment affects the economy, and the additional impacts of public
transportation investments and services on economic growth in the United States.
If a design feature makes it 1% more likely that someone's eye will be drawn to a nonuseful
visual element, the only way it can go is that more people will be lost. Either they'll
get fed up & give up at that point, run out of time, get confused, or guess and take a
wrong turn and then get confused.
It's a percentage game, and it's the designer's job to optimise the percentages to get more
people through to satisfactory outcomes.
“Packaging” elements that are repeated on every page are pretty dead. They communicate once
and then get ignored and can't communicate much more, so pixels...
A quarter of a century ago, the proportion of older
people living in institutions in developed countries
had reached an estimated 9% (22). Since that time,
there has been a shift in emphasis towards care in
the community and the use of less restrictive
residential settings. Current rates of use of nursing
homes are in the range of 4–7% in countries such as
Canada (6.8%), Israel (4.4%), South Africa (4.5%)
and the United States (4%).
Estimation of adverse health e®ects associated with ambient exposure to Particulate Matter (PM)
constitutes one of the most interesting, recent case studies on the use of epidemiological evidence
in public policy (Samet, 2000; Greenbaum et al., 2001).
The Driving Mechanism works the same as the Steering Mechanism. When a command is received to go
forwards the SCRX2BC creates a voltage at pin 11 which turns on Q2. This then turns on Q5 and Q8 and
current flows from the batteries through Q5, then through the driving motor, and then through Q8 to ground.
Similarly to go backwards the voltage is created at pin 10, and Q3, Q6, and Q7 are turned on. The small gear
on the Motor drives the Middle Gear, which drives the gear on the rear wheels axle, making the wheels move.
Note that the gears on the Motor...