The Science of Animal Agriculture is directed toward teaching the
basic science concepts involved in the production of agricultural
animals. This newly revised edition contains the latest up-to-date
information regarding the scientifi c aspect of the agricultural
industry. All facets of modern agriculture are based on science.
From the most rudimentary cultural practices to the most complicated
biotechnology techniques, scientifi c research has produced
the phenomenon known as American agriculture....
Chapter 51 - Animal behavior. This chapter distinguish between the following pairs of terms: kinesis and taxis, circadian and circannual behavioral rhythms, classical and operant conditioning; explain how associative learning may help a predator avoid toxic prey; describe how cross-fostering experiments help identify the relative importance of environmental and genetic factors in determining specific behaviors.
It is sometimes said that committees of more than seven are less efficient than individuals,
but the Fifth International Veterinary Behavior Meeting would never have
succeeded if it was down to the efforts of a single individual or even a small committee.
It is testament to the exceptional team work of individuals within many committees
and their skillful management and leadership that we are able to produce this latest
volume. We are indebted to everyone who has helped in whatever way to make
this meeting a success and helped these biennial meetings grow each time.
Ebook Grzimek's animal life encyclopedia Volume 6 Amphibians presents what is an amphibian?, early evolution and fossil history, structure and function, larvae, behavior, amphibians and humans, reproduction, order anur, order caudata, order gymnophiona.
One way scientists find out about the world is by asking
questions. Science is an organized way of studying things
and finding answers to questions.
There are many types of science. The names of the sciences
describe what is being studied. For example, a life scientist
might study the millions of different animals, plants, and
other living things on Earth. Life scientists who study plants
are botanists. Those who study animals are zoologists.
Many of the images reveal inaccessible places that few have seen and record animal behavior that has never been filmed or photographed before. With the help of this highly advanced technology and the world's premier wildlife photographers, the book takes us on a spectacular journey from the world's greatest rivers and impressive gorges, to its mightiest mountains, hidden caves and caverns, and vast deserts.
Tissue culture was first devised at the beginning of the
twentieth century [Harrison, 1907; Carrel, 1912] (Table 1.1)
as a method for studying the behavior of animal cells free
of systemic variations that might arise in vivo both during
normal homeostasis and under the stress of an experiment.
As the name implies, the technique was elaborated first
with undisaggregated fragments of tissue, and growth was
restricted to the migration of cells from the tissue fragment,
with occasional mitoses in the outgrowth.
Reverse engineering encompasses a wide spectrum of activities aimed at extracting information on the function, structure, and behavior of man-made or natural artifacts. Increases in data sources, processing power, and improved data mining and processing algorithms have opened new fields of application for reverse engineering.
Many pesticides are being highly stable and continue to kill the target and the
host long after the application which is both advantageous and disadvantageous.
Thus, the detection and assays of pesticide residues have significant role to know level
of residual pesticide molecules. The present edition of volume attempted to
consolidate significant advancement of research at worldwide on pesticide residues.
The status of pesticide usage pattern and residue level in food from plant and animal
origin at different regions are described in-depth in the chapters....
Nutrition during childhood and adolescence is essential
for growth and development, health and well-being. [1,2]
Further, eating behaviors established during childhood
track into adulthood and contribute to long-term health
and chronic disease risk. [3,4] Numerous studies have
consistently documented that dietary intake patterns of
American children and adolescents are poor and do not
meet national dietary goals. [5-8] In addition, US food
consumption trend data show a shift over the past few
Our goal in creating the Methods & New Frontiers in Neuroscience Series is to
present the insights of experts on emerging experimental techniques and theoretical
concepts that are, or will be at the vanguard of Neuroscience. Books in the series
will cover topics ranging from methods to investigate apoptosis, to modern techniques
for neural ensemble recordings in behaving animals.
The last three rows demonstrated the crucial counterintuitive prediction that
small prey would be excluded from the diet, independently of their encounter
rate, if the encounter rate with large prey were above a certain quantifiable
Those were heady days! Setting aside the fact that the small prey were not
totally ignored, it seemed as though a very simple, testable model, derived from
a few starting assumptions about rate maximization and constraints on foraging,
could actually predicthowan animal responded in an experiment. It’s hard
to overstate the excitement at the time....
A Critical Review of the Effects of Marking on the Biology of Vertebrates
Vertebrates often are marked to facilitate identiﬁcation of free-ranging individual animals or groups for studies of behavior, population biology, and physiology. Marked animals provided data for many of the topics discussed in this volume.
Measuring the Dynamics of Mammalian Societies: An Ecologist’s Guide to Ethological Methods
Today, biologists interpret behavior within a context fortiﬁed by theories of cognition, behavioral evolution, and games, and any or all of four processes may lead to cooperation.
would like to introduce this encyclopedia of psychology
by focusing on both twenty-first century
and more distant historical contexts, while additionally
highlighting the scope and depth of the work of
psychologists, their students, and their supporters.
As reading these volumes will show, psychology is a
diverse and large field. It is also a science. I remind
readers that most of the research described in these
volumes is completed through the silent contributions
of tens of thousands of volunteers as well as
nonhuman animal participants.
“In striving for entertainment, our imagination must have neither limits nor
bounds. It has always been a basic need in creative efforts. ‘Imagination,’ wrote
Stanislavsky, ‘must be cultivated and developed; it must be alert, rich and active.
An actor (animator) must learn to think on any theme. He must observe people
(and animals) and their behavior—try to understand their mentality.’
“To one degree or another, people in our audience are aware of human and animal
behavior. They may have seen, experienced or read about it.
A variety of scientific disciplines have set as their task explaining mental activities, recognizing that in some way these activities depend upon our brain. But, until recently, the opportunities to conduct experiments directly on our brains were limited. As a result, research efforts were split between disciplines such as cognitive psychology, linguistics, and artificial intelligence that investigated behavior, while disciplines such as neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, and genetics experimented on the brains of non-human animals.
Seismic – At the Weyburn Field, multi-component
3-D surface seismic time-lapse surveys were
conducted at intervals of approximately 12
months, starting prior to the commencement of
CO2 injection in 2000, and repeated in 2001 and
2002. The resultant time-lapse images (primarily
seismic amplitude changes) acquired at Weyburn
clearly map the spread of CO2 over time within the
reservoir, fulfilling a key objective set at the outset
of the project.
Over the last few years there have been dramatic advances in plant molecular genetics
and these developments have provided scientists involved in the conservation of plant
genetic resources with a range of new techniques for their research. Nowadays
techniques are available to analyze variations in the DNA level of plants and animals
or other organisms. Differences in gene sequence can be directly observed and
described - a degree of precision previously impossible to achieve.
The behaviors and related benefits (see Benefits) that the target audience is accustomed to —
or may prefer over — the behavior you are promoting. For example, using the elevator competes
with taking the stairs because of ease and quickness; having potato chips with lunch
competes with including a fruit and vegetable at each meal because of taste and low cost;
formula feeding competes with breastfeeding because of convenience and participation by
other family members. Competition also encompasses the organizations and people who
offer or promote alternatives to the desired behavior.