The lives of humans and animals have been intertwined since the beginning of civilization.
Early humans learned to raise animals for food as well as to live alongside them as companions.
Humans and animals develop strong interactions and lasting bonds to their
mutual benefit. It is because of our close ties with animals that many people have mixed feelings
about the use of animals in biomedical research—even scientists. In an ideal world, scientists would
never need to use animals as research subjects.
The pebble was tossed into the water by Charles
Darwin in 1872 when he declared in his book The
Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals
that humans are not the only members of the animal
kingdom that experience a wide array of emotions
and feelings. Despite the reputation of the renowned
biologist, the ripples that this tiny rock generated
went largely unappreciated at the time. In fact, these
ripples remained quite small until the middle of the
This project was initiated in response to a letter from Charles Kean,
an Associate Professor of Physiology and Pharmacology and
Director of the Animal Care Facility at Loma Linda University, to
the National Research Council’s (NRC’s) Institute for Laboratory Animal
Research (ILAR), the Association for Assessment and Accreditation of
Laboratory Animal Care (AAALAC) International, and the Office of
Laboratory Animal Welfare (OLAW) of the National Institutes of Health
(NIH) outlining the research animal care community’s concerns about the
safe and humane transportation of research animal...
(BQ) Part 2 book "Cone beam computed tomography" presents the following contents: Multidetector row CT, cone beam micro-CT for small-animal research, cardiac imaging, C-arm CT in the interventional suite - Current status and future directions,...
Multimedia as we know it has gained tremendous importance over the last decade. It
spans quite a few areas of computer science involving programming, algorithms,
communication technology, various media of communications and so on. It has raised
the quality of communication by adding more than one media of communication such
as audio, video, text, graphics and animation.
The Science of Animal Agriculture is directed toward teaching the
basic science concepts involved in the production of agricultural
animals. This newly revised edition contains the latest up-to-date
information regarding the scientifi c aspect of the agricultural
industry. All facets of modern agriculture are based on science.
From the most rudimentary cultural practices to the most complicated
biotechnology techniques, scientifi c research has produced
the phenomenon known as American agriculture....
However, I think that such a dismissal is plain wrong. It is unconceivable that
hundreds of scientists throughout the world have for 30 years all carried out flawed or
even fraudulent research demonstrating that several compounds improve the
resistance of the brain to ischemic damage. Granted, that may have happened
sometimes, but hundreds of laboratories around the world cannot have been run
during 30 years by incompetent or criminal scientists.
Performing experiments in low Earth orbit has been the focus of much of the research funded by
NASA’s Physical Sciences Division (PSD) and its predecessors for over 30 years. This microgravity
research can be divided into five broad areas, all of which focus primarily on phenomena that are
strongly perturbed by gravity: biotechnology, combustion, fluid physics, fundamental physics, and
The development of 3D animation systems has been
driven primarily by a hyper-realist ethos, and 3D computer
graphic (CG) features have broadly complied with this agenda.
As a counterpoint to this trend, some researchers, technologists
and animation artists have explored the possibility of creating
more expressive narrative output from 3D animation environments.
This article explores 3D animation aesthetics, technology
and culture in this context.
Animals suffer in captivity, animals do not suffer in captivity, elephants do not belong in zoos, elephants are thriving in zoos, elephants are better off in sanctuaries, elephants are not necessarily better off in sanctuaries,... is the main content of the book "Zoos and Animal Welfare". Invite you to consult the text book for more documents serving the academic needs and research.
Bashardoust Tajali et al. Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2010, 5:1 http://www.josr-online.com/content/5/1/1
Effects of low power laser irradiation on bone healing in animals: a meta-analysis
Siamak Bashardoust Tajali1*, Joy C MacDermid1,2, Pamela Houghton1, Ruby Grewal3
Purpose: The meta-analysis was performed to identify animal research defining the effects of low power laser irradiation on biomechanical indicators of bone regeneration and the impact of dosage.
In January 2004, the Center for Gamma-Ray Imaging (CGRI), a research resource
funded by the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering
(NIBIB), hosted “The Workshop on Small-Animal SPECT” in Tucson, Arizona.
Over 80 people from around the world attended this workshop, which included numerous
short courses and contributed papers. The primary objective of the workshop
was to provide education in some of the key technologies and applications that have
been going on in the Center....
The mammalian natriuretic peptide system, consisting of at least three
ligands and three receptors, plays critical roles in health and disease. Exam-ination of genetically engineered animal models has suggested the signifi-cance of the natriuretic peptide system in cardiovascular, renal and skeletal
In the early 1990s, breakthrough discoveries on the genetics of Alzheimer’s
disease led to the identification of missense mutations in the amyloid-b
precursor proteingene. Research findings quickly followed, giving insights
into molecular pathogenesis and possibilities for the development of new
types of animal models.
The importance of human-animal bonds has been documented throughout history,
across cultures, and in recent research. However, attachments with companion animals
have been undervalued and even pathologized in the field of mental health. This article
briefly surveys the evolution of human-animal bonds, reviews research on their health
and mental health benefits, and examines their profound relational significance across
the life course.
This paper describes a system which generates animations for cooking actions in recipes, to help people understand recipes written in Japanese. The major goal of this research is to increase the scalability of the system, i.e., to develop a system which can handle various kinds of cooking actions. We designed and compiled the lexicon of cooking actions required for the animation generation system. The lexicon includes the action plan used for animation generation, and the information about ingredients upon which the cooking action is taken. ...
The first standard requirement to differentiate between Animal, Human, and Saint, the second standard is desires and feelings, the third standard of judgment is based on tame and vicious,... As the main contents of the document "Animal, human and saint". Invite you to consult for additional documents for the academic needs and research.
A fungicide is a chemical pesticide compound that kills or inhibits the growth of fungi. In agriculture, fungicide is used to control fungi that threaten to destroy or compromise crops. Fungicides for Plant and Animal Diseases is a book that has been written to present the most significant advances in disciplines related to fungicides.