Annual plants

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  • Invasive alien plants are harmful non-native plant species whose introduction or spread threatens the environment, the economy, and society, including human health. They can be introduced into Canada from other countries or continents, or from one region of Canada to another. The current threats posed by invasive alien plants are real and growing. Why are invasive alien plants a problem? The economic cost of invasive alien plants to Canadians is enormous. Weeds in crops and pastures alone cost an estimated $2.2 billion annually.

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  • Hexabromobenzene (HBB) has been used as a flame retardant in polymers, plastics, textiles, wood and paper. Its primary uses have been reported in the plastics, paper and electrical industries (Bruchajzer et al., 2004). U.S. production/import volume was listed as 10,000- 500,000 pounds for 1998, but no information is available beyond that time (U.S. EPA, 2002). In addition to its use as a flame retardant, HBB is a thermal decomposition product of octa- and decaBDEs and hexabromobiphenyl (as cited in Bruchajzer et al., 2004).

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  • Despite a variety of processes and the availability of raw-material sources, the widespread utilisation of annual plants in pulping has not been technically or economically feasible in Western countries due to the lack of a simple and environmentally efficient pulping method and the problems associated with raw material storage and logistics. An ideal non-wood pulping process is simple and environmentally efficient and can be applied on a small scale.

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  • Investigations of historic yields are therefore mostly concerned with homo- genous goods such as commodities, for which indices are available. These show that certain real assets can achieve higher yields than investments in equities or bonds. A comparison of the average historic yields on raw materials over the last 10 years (2002 to 2012) shows that investments in commodity futures have achieved double-digit annual returns (see Fig. 15).

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  • In the published research work emerging from the universities and USDA laboratories there is, as noted, no conscious effort to learn how nature feeds the microorganisms who feed the plants (as documented by Krasilnikov, 1958; McLaren and Peterson, 1967; Jennings, 1963; Sanders et al, 1975; Marks and Kozlowski, 1973; Mori et al, 1977 and many others).

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  • The global annual potential bioethanol production from the major crops, corn, barley, oat, rice, wheat, sorghum, and sugar cane, is estimated. To avoid con/icts between human food use and industrial use of crops, only the wasted crop, which is de0ned as crop lost in distribution, is considered as feedstock. Lignocellulosic biomass such as crop residues and sugar cane bagasse are included in feedstock for producing bioethanol as well. There are about 73:9 Tg ofdry wasted crops in the world that could potentially produce 49:1 GL year−1 ofbioethanol.

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  • It is difficult to discern exposures from institutions’ reported credit market posi- tions. Indeed, common data sources such as annual reports and regulatory filings record accounting measures on a large and diverse number of credit market instruments. Ac- counting measures are not necessarily comparable across positions. For example, the economic value of two loans with the same book value but different maturities will react quite differently to changes in interest rates. At the same time, many instruments are close substitutes and thus entail essentially the same market risk.

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  • Macadamia (Mac-ca) is a plant cultivated for its seeds. Shell particles (also known as almond) of software around. Evergreen Macadamia tree and the world we live in frost-free areas. Macadamia tree can grow to 15 meters high and 15 kg of grain annually.

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  • Several industries will need to contribute to successfully achieve this renewable resources vision. The Executive Steering Group therefore turned to a broad range of disciplines, including crop production, forestry, genomics, chemical processing, fermentation, industrial enzymes, materials science, biotechnology, plant physiology, and product manufacturing. The steering group sought input on key barriers, research goals, and interactions among related areas from more than 120 scientific experts and marketing professionals.

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  • The discussion of the properties of relative international prices has been closely tied with a discussion on the nature of the pricing decisions by ¯rms. 5 The observed slow pass-through of exchange rate changes to consumer prices and deviations from the law of one price for traded goods are consistent with prices of imported goods that are sticky in the currency of the consumer (local currency pricing). This pricing mechanism, however, dampens the expenditure-switching e®ect of nominal exchange rate movements.

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  • The system we are considering needs to support communications for 109 devices. The users using these devices would be interested in peer-to-peer (P2P) style of communication, business- to-business (B2B) interactions or a be part of a system comprising of agents where discoveries are initiated for services from any of these devices. Finally, some of these devices could also be used as part of a computation. The devices are thus part of a complex distributed system. Communication in the system is through events, which are encapsulated within messages.

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  • Numerous U.S. REITs and other institutions have invested in real property connected to maquiladoras, retail development and tourism. This trend should persist because Mexico is ripe for continued investment. With respect to retail development, for example, there are fewer than 1,000 malls and shopping centers in Mexico, which has a population of approximately 110 million people. In comparison, there are more than 102,000 malls and shopping centers in the U.S., which has a population of approximately 306 million people.

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  • Irish IFs are owned mainly by non-residents, with 26 per cent held by other euro area residents and 68 per cent held by those outside the euro area and just 6 per cent owned by Irish residents. This breakdown reflects a significant move in ownership away from euro area residents to the rest of the world over recent quarters. Similarly most assets owned by Irish resident IFs are domiciled outside the state. When unclassified assets are excluded, just 9.4 per cent of capital is invested in Irish assets, 13.5 per cent invested...

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  • Foreign investors are significant players in the equity market. Indeed, foreigners are majority investors, especially, in public offering market. Most non-resident investors are domiciled in the U.S. and Europe, introducing an important link between the offering market and conditions overseas (see Figure 5). In August and September 2011, for example, there was no share issuance––several public offerings were canceled or postponed due to investors’ concerns on contagion risks from the euro zone.

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  • Irrigation-farming and dry-farming are both systems of agriculture devised for the reclamation of countries that ordinarily receive an annual rainfall of twenty inches or less. Irrigation-farming cannot of itself reclaim the arid regions of the world, for the available water supply of arid countries when it shall have been conserved in the best possible way cannot be made to irrigate more than one fifth of the thirsty land.

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  • Indeed, in the presence of predictability in fund risk loadings and benchmark returns, optimal portfolios consist entirely of actively managed funds even when the possibility of manager skills in stock selection and benchmark timing is ruled out. That is, actively managed funds allow the investor to capitalize on predictability in benchmarks and fund risk loadings in a way that cannot be achieved through long-only index fund positions. We now turn to analyze predictability in manager skills.

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  • The French position was partly accommodated in the ECOFIN meeting on 20 June, by making the attainment of a close-to-balance position for France contingent on highly optimistic growth rates, i.e. it implicitly allowed the deadline for the achievement of the medium-term position to be missed. Italy took this outcome as a common understanding in the Council that allowed for a focus on growth and more flexibility in the fiscal framework. The government started then openly to discuss tax reductions, which would delay the attainment of the close to balance or in surplus position.

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  • The paper proceeds as follows. First, we demonstrate the public policy demand for standardized units of ecosystem measurement. Second, we advance and defend an economic definition of units of account. Third, we contrast this definition with existing definitions of services and environmental accounting units. Fourth, we concretely illustrate our definition via an inventory of measurable ecosystem services.

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  • An important purpose of the Financial Report is to help citizens and policymakers assess whether current fiscal policy is sustainable and, if it is not, the urgency and magnitude of policy reforms necessary to make it sustainable. A sustainable policy is one where the ratio of debt held by the public to GDP (the debt-to-GDP ratio) is stable in the long run. Sustainability concerns only whether long-run revenues and expenditures are in balance; it does not concern fairness or efficiency implications of the reforms necessary to achieve sustainability.

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  • The signing of the Global Political Agreement (GPA) in 2008 and the creation of the Inclusive Government provided a new beginning for Zimbabwe. Progress on the implementation of the GPA has, however, been mixed.4Some important elements have been implemented such as amendments to the Electoral Act, the appointment of independent Commissions to address Media, Human Rights and Election issues and the issuing of Print and Media Licenses (15 in 2010). Furthermore, a Land Audit Commission and a National Economic Council have been established.

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