Anticancer drug

Xem 1-16 trên 16 kết quả Anticancer drug
  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: Self-Assembled Polymeric Micellar Nanoparticles as Nanocarriers for Poorly Soluble Anticancer Drug Ethaselen

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế về bệnh thú y đề tài: Altered maturation of dendritic cells by taxol, an anticancer drug

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  • Pyrimidine biosynthesis enzymes function in many cellular processes and are closely associated with pyrimidine antagonists used in cancer chemo-therapy. These enzymes are well characterized from bacteria to mammals, but not in a simple metazoan. To study the pyrimidine biosynthesis path-way inCaenorhabditis elegans, we screened for mutants exhibiting resis-tance to the anticancer drug 5-fluorouracil (5-FU).

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  • The collected Chapters in this volume describe the current status of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) modification of proteins, peptides, oligonucleotides and small molecule drugs, the recent advances in conjugation chemistry, and new clinical products. The book provides an excellent update in this rapidly evolving field, and the comprehensive collection of Chapters complements well past reviews/volumes that have documented the evolution of PEGylation. For example, a reader new to this field is encouraged to gain the historical perspective by reading the following reviews [1–8].

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  • A number of drugs used in cancer chemotherapy induce oxidative stress by generation of oxygen free radicals (ROS) which might be an alternative mechanism for their cytotoxic effect via indu-cing apoptosis. In order to clarify the roles of antioxidants in chemotherapy, we investigated Quercetin (3,3’,4’,5,7-pentahyd-roxyflavone) and N-acetylcysteine (NAC) in different cell types treated with anticancer drugs. We studied cytotoxic activity of Topotecan alone and/or in combination with Quercetin in two human breast cancer cell lines, MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231. ...

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  • The anticancer agents cisplatin and oxaliplatin are widely used in the treat-ment of human neoplasias. A genome-wide screen inSaccharomyces cere-visiae previously identified PPH3and PSY2among the top 20 genes conferring resistance to these anticancer agents. The mammalian ortho-logue of Pph3p is the protein serine⁄threonine phosphatase Ppp4c, which is found in high molecular mass complexes bound to a regulatory subunit R2.

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  • Today, cancer research is focused on determining how genome and proteome level information may be useful as tools in prevention, diagnosis, and prognosis. The development of “omics” technologies, such as proteomics and transcriptomics has opened new research areas for scientists working on cancer research.

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  • It has been said that the control of disease has three goals, which, in increasing order of attraction are palliation, cure, and prevention. For most types of disseminated cancer, medical science has achieved only the first of these objectives, while for some malignancies the side effects of the therapeutic agents employed rival the disease itself in precluding a desirable quality of life.

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  • Signaling Pathways Downstream of Rtks: Ras and PI3K Several oncogene and tumor-suppressor gene products are components of signal transduction pathways that emanate from RTK activation (Fig. 80-2). The most extensively studied are the Ras/mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase pathway and the phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) pathway, both of which regulate multiple processes in cancer cells, including cell cycle progression, resistance to apoptotic signals, angiogenesis, and cell motility.

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  • Bacterial RNases are promising tools for the development of anticancer drugs. Neoplastic transformation leads to enhanced accumulation of rRNA and tRNA, and altered expression of regulatory noncoding RNAs. Cleav-age of RNA in cancer cells is the main reason for the cytotoxic effects of exogenic RNases.

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  • The Hsp90 molecular chaperone catalyses the final activa-tion step of many of themost important regulatory proteins of eukaryotic cells. The antibiotics geldanamycin and rad-icicol act as highly selective inhibitors of in vivo Hsp90 function through their ability to bindwithin the ADP/ATP binding pocket of the chaperone. Drugs based on these compounds are now being developed as anticancer agents, their administration having the potential to inactivate sim-ultaneously several of the targets critical for counteracting multistep carcinogenesis. ...

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  • Taxanes and other microtubule-stabilizing agents comprise an important class of anticancer drugs. It is well known that taxanes act by binding to b-tubulin on the lumenal side of microtubules. However, experimental evi-dence obtained in recent years led to the hypothesis of an external site on the microtubule wall to which taxanes and other microtubule-stabilizing agents could bind before being internalized to their lumenal site.

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  • The mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM) is a member of a high-mobility group (HMG) family represented mostly by nuclear proteins. Although nuclear localization of TFAM has been demonstrated in some tumors and after treatment of tumor cells with anticancer drugs, the signifi-cance of these observations has not been fully elucidated.

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  • The ultimate goal of cancer research is the development of effective anticancer therapy. During the last several decades, the discovery of oncogenes, tumor suppressors, growth factors, signal transduction pathways has dramatically escalated our understanding of cancer cell biology and mechanisms of cell transformation.1-3 Hundreds of cellular proteins and pathways have been logically considered as molecular targets in a mechanism-based approaches of anticancer drug development.4-6 Yet, the progress in cancer treatment has not paralleled these dramatic achievements in basic research.

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  • The spontaneous acquisition of resistance to a variety of unrelated cytotoxic compounds has important implications in medical treatment of infectious diseases and anticancer therapy. In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiaethis pheno-menon is caused by overexpression of membrane efflux pumps and is called pleiotropic drug resistance. We have found that allelic forms of the genes for the transcription activators Pdr1p and Pdr3p, designated PDR1-12and PDR3-33,respectively, mediate resistance to diazaborine....

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  • Plant flavonoids are polyphenolic compounds, commonly found in vegeta-bles, fruits and many food sources that form a significant portion of our diet. These compounds have been shown to interact with several ATP-bind-ing cassette transporters that are linked with anticancer and antiviral drug resistance and, as such, may be beneficial in modulating drug resistance. This study investigates the interactions of six common polyphenols; querce-tin, silymarin, resveratrol, naringenin, daidzein and hesperetin with the multidrug-resistance-associated proteins, MRP1, MRP4 and MRP5. ...

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