It has been recognized for many years that states of nutrient deficiency are associated
with an impaired immune response and with increased susceptibility to infectious
disease. In turn, infection can affect the status of several nutrients, thus setting
up a vicious circle of under nutrition, compromised immune function and infection.
From the perspective of behavioral economics, rationality is bounded by asymmetrical preferences. Consider, for example, status quo bias. Samuelson and Zeckhauser (1988) reported that when Harvard University changed some of the health insurance options it offered employees, newly hired personnel were more likely to enroll than were people already on the university’s payroll; those employees generally chose to keep their current plans. The appeal of the status quo can be explained, in part, by the concept of loss aversion.
Natural variations in pH and oxygen status are also important and are not restricted to deep
environments. Many groundwaters in tropical regions in weathered basement aquifers and
alluvial sequences have low pH, and the reducing conditions which prevail can promote the
mobilisation of metals and other parameters of health significance such as arsenic.
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài: Plasma redox status is impaired in the portacaval shunted rat – the risk of the reduced antioxidant ability...
The development of the strategy has been based on a number of guiding principles. Primarily
the strategy recognises the basic human right to adequate food and health and freedom from
malnutrition and disease. It respects the humanitarian principle of ‘do no harm’ such that its’
implementation should not exacerbate or worsen the situation.
A key guiding principle is recognition of the specific context and challenges of implementation
in Somaliland, Puntland and South Central Somalia.
Between 1960 and 2007 the population in the current EU-27 countries expanded from 403 million
people to around 495 million people (EUROSTAT 2008a). Factors that influence population change,
such as life expectancy, fertility and mortality rates, and net migration are currently undergoing
significant change, as are other socio-demographic behaviours such as marriage rates. In addition,
the socio-economic status of women is changing. More women are employed and reaching higher
levels of educational attainment, which has resulted in greater female autonomy.