Notwithstanding the fact that Egyptology is now recognised as a science, an exact and communicable knowledge of whose existence and scope it behoves all modern culture to take cognisance, this work of M. Maspero still remains the Handbook of Egyptian Archaeology. But Egyptology is as yet in its infancy; whatever their age, Egyptologists will long die young. Every year, almost every month, fresh material for the study is found, fresh light is thrown upon it by the progress of excavation, exploration, and research. ...
The transparency of the body beneath the drapery is a clear reference point to the
female reclining figures from the Parthenon pediment sculptures. This is obvious in
Albert Moore’s Beads (1875), which depicts two young women reclining asleep in
different positions on a soft fabric bench with their legs, breasts, nipples and small
folds of their stomachs clearly visible beneath their white diaphanous Greek clothes.
During the last ten years our conception of the beginnings of Egyptian antiquity has profoundly altered. When Prof. Maspero published the first volume of his great Histoire Ancienne des Peuples des l'Orient Classique, in 1895, Egyptian history, properly so called, still began with the Pyramid-builders, Sne-feru, Khufu, and Khafra (Cheops and Chephren), and the legendary lists of earlier kings preserved at Abydos and Sakkara were still quoted as the only source of knowledge of the time before the IVth Dynasty.
The following pages are intended to place before the reader in a handy form an account of the principal ideas and beliefs held by the ancient Egyptians concerning the resurrection and the future life, which is derived wholly from native religious works. The literature of Egypt which deals with these subjects is large and, as was to be expected, the product of different periods which, taken together, cover several thousands of years; and it is exceedingly difficult at times to reconcile the statements and beliefs of a writer of one period with those of a writer of another. ...
In all ages, from the remotest antiquity, the story-teller has flourished. Evidences of his existence are to
be found among the most ancient monuments and writings in the Orient. In Egypt, Nineveh, Babylon,
and other ancient lands he flourished, and in the homes of the noblest he was ever an honored guest.
The oldest collection of folklore stories or myths now in existence is of East Indian origin and is
preserved in the Sanskrit. The collection is called Hitopadesa, and the author was Veshnoo Sarma.
Monument of a Hittite king, accompanied by an inscription in Hittite hieroglyphics, discovered on the site of
Carchemish and now in the British Museum.
The object of this little book is explained by its title. Discovery after discovery has been pouring in upon us
from Oriental lands, and the accounts given only ten years ago of the results of Oriental research are already
beginning to be antiquated. It is useful, therefore, to take stock of our present knowledge, and to see how far it
bears out that "old story" which has been familiar to us from our childhood.
In preparing a new edition of Dr. Lord's great work, the "Beacon Lights of History," it has been necessary to
make some rearrangement of lectures and volumes. Dr. Lord began with his volume on classic "Antiquity,"
and not until he had completed five volumes did he return to the remoter times of "Old Pagan Civilizations"
(reaching back to Assyria and Egypt) and the "Jewish Heroes and Prophets." These issued, he took up again
the line of great men and movements, and brought it down to modern days.
The great nations of antiquity lived and prospered in arid and semiarid countries. In the more or less rainless regions of China, Mesopotamia, Palestine, Egypt, Mexico, and Peru, the greatest cities and the mightiest peoples flourished in ancient days. Of the great civilizations of history only that of Europe has rooted in a humid climate. As Hilgard has suggested, history teaches that a high civilization goes hand in hand with a soil that thirsts for water. To-day, current events point to the arid and semiarid regions as the chief dependence of our modern civilization.