The following pages are intended to place before the reader in a handy form an account of the principal ideas and beliefs held by the ancient Egyptians concerning the resurrection and the future life, which is derived wholly from native religious works. The literature of Egypt which deals with these subjects is large and, as was to be expected, the product of different periods which, taken together, cover several thousands of years; and it is exceedingly difficult at times to reconcile the statements and beliefs of a writer of one period with those of a writer of another. ...
Monument of a Hittite king, accompanied by an inscription in Hittite hieroglyphics, discovered on the site of
Carchemish and now in the British Museum.
The object of this little book is explained by its title. Discovery after discovery has been pouring in upon us
from Oriental lands, and the accounts given only ten years ago of the results of Oriental research are already
beginning to be antiquated. It is useful, therefore, to take stock of our present knowledge, and to see how far it
bears out that "old story" which has been familiar to us from our childhood.
During the last ten years our conception of the beginnings of Egyptian antiquity has profoundly altered. When Prof. Maspero published the first volume of his great Histoire Ancienne des Peuples des l'Orient Classique, in 1895, Egyptian history, properly so called, still began with the Pyramid-builders, Sne-feru, Khufu, and Khafra (Cheops and Chephren), and the legendary lists of earlier kings preserved at Abydos and Sakkara were still quoted as the only source of knowledge of the time before the IVth Dynasty.